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Sir Malcolm Henry Arnold (1921–2006) by Erich Auerbach, 1961 Getty Images

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Arnold, Sir Malcolm Henry (1921–2006), trumpeter and composer, was born at Fairview, Cliftonville, Northampton, on 21 October 1921, the fourth son and fifth and youngest child of William Arnold, shoe manufacturer, and his wife, Annie, née Hawes. Coincidentally, two other well-known British composers of the twentieth century, ...

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Bowen, Edwin Yorke [York] (1884–1961), pianist and composer, was born on 22 February 1884 in Crouch Hill, London, the youngest of the three sons of Edward Bowen (d. 1911), founder of the whisky distillers Bowen and McKechnie, and his wife, Ellen Mary (1854–1906)...

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Clark, Thomas (bap. 1775, d. 1859), composer, was baptized on 5 February 1775 at St Peter's, Canterbury, the son of William Clark (b. 1745/6?) and his wife, Mary Quested (1738?–1794). They lived at 35 St Georges Street, Canterbury, where William, a cordwainer, made and sold boots. ...

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John Frederick Lampe (1702/33–1751) by James Macardell (after S. Andrea) © Copyright The British Museum

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Lampe, John Frederick (1702/3–1751), composer and bassoonist, of unknown parentage, was said to be a native of Saxony (Burney, Hist. mus., 2.1001), and, according to his tombstone epitaph, was born in late 1702 or early 1703. Lampe's treatise A Plain and Compendious Method of Teaching Thorough Bass...

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Leach, James (bap. 1761, d. 1798), composer, was stated to have been born at Wardle, near Rochdale, in 1762. Circumstantial evidence, however, suggests that he was probably the son of James Leach and Betty Clegg of Townhead, Rochdale, and that he was baptized there on 25 December 1761. He was a handloom weaver like his father, and studied music in his spare time before teaching and directing choirs professionally. Earlier biographers, beginning with ...

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Owen, Morfydd [pseud. Morfydd Llwyn-Owen] (1891–1918), composer, was born on 1 October 1891 at 72 Park Street, Trefforest, Glamorgan, the last of four children born to William Owen (1864–1948), an accountant, and his wife, Sarah Jane Jones (1865–1918). She was encouraged to develop her interest in music at home, and studied from 1902 at the ...

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Peck, James (b. 1773, d. in or after 1824), composer and music publisher, was born in London in 1773 and was perhaps (judging from several references in the Gentleman's Magazine) a member of a family of printers and booksellers residing at York...

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Wesley, Samuel (1766–1837), composer and organist, was born on 24 February 1766 at Charles Street, Bristol, the youngest of the three children to survive infancy of the Methodist hymn writer Charles Wesley (1707–1788) and his wife, Sarah, née Gwynne (1726–1822). He was the grandson of ...

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Samuel Wesley (1766–1837) by John Jackson, c. 1815–20 © National Portrait Gallery, London