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Allen, Sir Hugh Percy (1869–1946), musicologist and conductor, was born at Reading on 23 December 1869, the youngest of the seven children of John Herbert Allen, who was in business with Huntley and Palmers of Reading. His mother, Rebecca, was the daughter of ...

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Anonymous IV (fl. 1250–1280), music theorist, may have been a monk of Bury St Edmunds. He studied (or at least lived) in Paris, and, like many in contact with contemporary music there, he disseminated knowledge about the new styles when he returned to his native land. His treatise, ...

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Avison, Charles (bap. 1710, d. 1770), composer and writer on music, was baptized on 16 February 1710 in Newcastle upon Tyne, the fifth of nine children of Richard and Ann Avison. His early training in music presumably began at home with his father, a town wait and also practising musician. While in the service of the ...

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Bacon, Richard Mackenzie (1776–1844), newspaper editor and music critic, was born in Norwich on 1 May 1776, the only son of Richard Bacon (1745–1812), proprietor from 1794 of the Norwich Mercury, one of the leading provincial organs of liberal opinion. He was educated at the ...

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Bagenal, (Philip) Hope Edward (1888–1979), architectural theorist and acoustician, was born on 11 February 1888 at 9 Mount Street, Dublin, the second of five children of Philip Henry Bagenal (1850–1927), civil servant and journalist, and his wife, Harriot Jocelyn Hore (1851/2–1942). He was always known by his second name, ...

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Baldwin, John (d. 1615), music copyist and composer, is of unknown origins and parentage. According to Ernest Brennecke, Baldwin was admitted a lay clerk of St George's Chapel, Windsor, in 1575; he cites no documentary evidence in support of this claim and none exists today, though subsequent repair work on the ...

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Barcroft, George (d. 1610), Church of England clergyman and musician, is of unknown parentage. From 1565 to 1571 he was a chorister of Winchester Cathedral. He entered Trinity College, Cambridge, as a sizar on 12 December 1574, and graduated BA in 1578; during 1575–7 he was also a singing-man of the chapel choir. In 1578–9, despite his youth, he was admitted organist and master of the choristers of ...

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A. B. Grosart

revised by D. K. Money

Barton, William (1597/8–1678), translator and hymnologist, matriculated as a sizar at Trinity College, Cambridge, in Lent 1619; he graduated BA in 1622 and proceeded MA in 1625. He was ordained priest on 21 September 1623. He is probably to be identified with the ...

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Bassano, Alvise (d. 1554), musician and instrument maker, was presumably born in Bassano, near Venice, in the late fifteenth century, the second son of Maestro Jeronimo (d. 1539?), known as Piva (‘bagpipe’). By 1515 he was playing in Venice, and he served in ...

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Bate, Philip Argall Turner (1909–1999), musicologist and collector of musical instruments, was born in Glasgow on 26 March 1909, the only child of English parents, Percy Herbert Bate (1868–1913), secretary to the Glasgow Museum of Arts, and Mary Turner (1872–1963). His father became curator of the ...

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See Bewick family

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Bing, Stephen (bap. 1610, d. 1681), singer and music copyist, was born in Canterbury and baptized on 20 September 1610 in the parish of St George the Martyr, the only son and second of five children of Stephen Bing (d. 1632?), probably a beer-brewer, and his wife, probably ...

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Birchensha, John (c. 1605–1681?), musical theorist and teacher, was (according to Flood, 214) a son of Sir Ralph Birchensha (c.1565?–1622?) and his wife, Elizabeth (d. after 1618). They were possibly the Raphe Byrkenshaw and Elizabeth Morall who were married at ...

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Brind, Richard (d. 1718), organist and music teacher, was the son of Richard Brind and an unknown mother. He was educated as a chorister, and later admitted as a probationer vicar-choral, at St Paul's Cathedral, where he remained, succeeding Jeremiah Clarke as organist in 1708. He held this post for the rest of his life....

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Lucy Etheldred Broadwood (1858–1929) by unknown photographer, 1901 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Broadwood, Lucy Etheldred (1858–1929), musician and folk-song collector, was born on 9 August 1858 at Pavilion House, Melrose, Scotland, the youngest of the eleven children of Henry Fowler Broadwood (1811–1893), piano manufacturer, and his wife, Juliana Maria, née Birch (1816–1898). She was the great-granddaughter of ...

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Brown, Alexander [Sandy] (1929–1975), bandleader and acoustic architect, was born on 25 February 1929 in Izatnagar, near Bareilly in India, the second son of John Brown, a railway engineer who died about 1936, and his wife, Minnie Henderson (d. 1975). His parents were Scottish and Presbyterian, although ...

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Brown, James Duff (1862–1914), librarian and compiler of music reference books, was born on 6 November 1862 at 3 Reid Terrace, Stockbridge, Edinburgh, the second of seven children of James Brown of St Fergus, Aberdeenshire, a bookkeeper, and his wife, Margaret Douglas of ...

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Brown, Robert Urquhart (1906–1972), piper, piobaireachd player, and teacher, was born on 1 May 1906 in Strachan, Kincardineshire, son of Francis Farquharson Brown (1875–1955?) head keeper of Blackhall estate, and his wife, Margaret Dunbar (1871–1937). He was educated at Banchory Academy. He started piping at the age of eleven, and soon showed a love for piobaireachd, the classical music of the highland bagpipe. His early tutors were ...

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Browne, William Charles Denis (1888–1915), composer and music critic, was born on 3 November 1888 at Lynnwood, 111 Lillington Avenue, Leamington Spa, the youngest of the five children of William Denis Browne (1836–1916), retired land agent and juror at the 1883 Phoenix Park...