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Abraham, Gerald Ernest Heal (1904–1988), musicologist, was born on 9 March 1904 in Newport, Isle of Wight, the only child of Ernest Abraham, manufacturer, and his wife, Dorothy Mary Heal, a jeweller's daughter. In spite of his strong musical interests, he planned a naval career, attending a naval crammer in ...

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Allen, Sir Hugh Percy (1869–1946), musicologist and conductor, was born at Reading on 23 December 1869, the youngest of the seven children of John Herbert Allen, who was in business with Huntley and Palmers of Reading. His mother, Rebecca, was the daughter of ...

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Anonymous IV (fl. 1250–1280), music theorist, may have been a monk of Bury St Edmunds. He studied (or at least lived) in Paris, and, like many in contact with contemporary music there, he disseminated knowledge about the new styles when he returned to his native land. His treatise, ...

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Arnold, Denis Midgley (1926–1986), musicologist, was born on 15 December 1926 in Sheffield, the only son and younger child of Charles Arnold, company director, and his wife, Bertha Ball. He was educated at High Storrs grammar school in Sheffield, and at Sheffield University...

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Austin, John (b. 1752, d. before 1838), music stenographer and inventor of a power-loom, was born at Craigton, near Glasgow, on 17 April 1752, the son of the gardener to John Baird, esquire. Nothing is known of Austin's early life or education. On 30 May 1777 he married ...

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Bagenal, (Philip) Hope Edward (1888–1979), architectural theorist and acoustician, was born on 11 February 1888 at 9 Mount Street, Dublin, the second of five children of Philip Henry Bagenal (1850–1927), civil servant and journalist, and his wife, Harriot Jocelyn Hore (1851/2–1942). He was always known by his second name, ...

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Derek Bailey (1930–2005) by Mephisto, 2001 © Mephisto / Rex Features

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Bailey, Derek (1930–2005), guitarist and musical theorist, was born on 29 January 1930 in Nether Edge Hospital, Sheffield, the only child of George Edward Bailey (d. 1965), barber, and his wife, Lily, née Wing (d. 1996). His maternal grandfather, Percy Wing...

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A. B. Grosart

revised by D. K. Money

Barton, William (1597/8–1678), translator and hymnologist, matriculated as a sizar at Trinity College, Cambridge, in Lent 1619; he graduated BA in 1622 and proceeded MA in 1625. He was ordained priest on 21 September 1623. He is probably to be identified with the ...

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Bate, Philip Argall Turner (1909–1999), musicologist and collector of musical instruments, was born in Glasgow on 26 March 1909, the only child of English parents, Percy Herbert Bate (1868–1913), secretary to the Glasgow Museum of Arts, and Mary Turner (1872–1963). His father became curator of the ...

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Birchensha, John (c. 1605–1681?), musical theorist and teacher, was (according to Flood, 214) a son of Sir Ralph Birchensha (c.1565?–1622?) and his wife, Elizabeth (d. after 1618). They were possibly the Raphe Byrkenshaw and Elizabeth Morall who were married at ...

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Blacking, John Anthony Randoll (1928–1990), social anthropologist and ethnomusicologist, was born on 22 October 1928 in Guildford, Surrey, the elder child and only son of William Henry Randoll Blacking, ecclesiastical architect, and his wife, (Josephine) Margaret Newcombe Waymouth. The family moved to 21 The Close, Salisbury...

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Branscombe, Peter John (1929–2008), German scholar and musicologist, was born on 7 December 1929 at 60 High Street, Sittingbourne, Kent, the elder son of John Reginald Branscombe (1891–1965), bank manager, and his wife, Winifred Mary, née Jones (1901–1994). His schooling at Dulwich College...

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Brown, Alexander [Sandy] (1929–1975), bandleader and acoustic architect, was born on 25 February 1929 in Izatnagar, near Bareilly in India, the second son of John Brown, a railway engineer who died about 1936, and his wife, Minnie Henderson (d. 1975). His parents were Scottish and Presbyterian, although ...

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Brown, David Clifford (1929–2014), musicologist, was born on 8 July 1929 at 117 Old Road, Gravesend, Kent, the son of Bertram Critchley Brown (1897–1973), a clerk and later manager at a cable works, and his wife Constance Mabel, née Nicholls (...

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Brown, James Duff (1862–1914), librarian and compiler of music reference books, was born on 6 November 1862 at 3 Reid Terrace, Stockbridge, Edinburgh, the second of seven children of James Brown of St Fergus, Aberdeenshire, a bookkeeper, and his wife, Margaret Douglas of ...

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Buck, Sir Percy Carter (1871–1947), musician, was born Percy Hartshorn Buck on 25 March 1871 in West Ham Lane, West Ham, Essex, the son of William Richard Buck, clerk in the War Office, and his wife, Alice Emmeline Wilson. He was educated at ...

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Budden, Julian Medforth (1924–2007), musicologist and radio producer, was born on 9 April 1924 at Brynmor, The Promenade, Hoylake, Cheshire, the only son of Lionel Bailey Budden (1887–1956), lecturer in, and later professor of, architecture at Liverpool University, and his wife, Dora Magdalene, ...

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Charles Burney (1726–1814) by Sir Joshua Reynolds, 1781 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Burney, Charles (1726–1814), musician and author, was born on 7 April 1726 in Raven Street, Shrewsbury, the fourth of six children of James Macburney (1678–1749), dancer, musician, and portraitist, and his second wife, Ann Cooper (c.1690–1775).