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Matthew Baillie (1761–1823) by Sir Thomas Lawrence, c. 1806 by permission of the Royal College of Physicians, London

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Baillie, Matthew (1761–1823), morbid anatomist and physician, was born on 27 October 1761 at Shotts manse, Lanarkshire, the second but only surviving son of James Baillie (c.1722–1778) and his wife, Dorothea (c.1721–1806). They had an elder daughter, and also one younger, ...

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Carswell, Sir Robert (1793–1857), physician and pathological anatomist, was born on 3 February 1793 in Paisley, the son of Robert Carswell, a print cutter of Thornliebank, and his wife, Bethia Foulds. He studied medicine at the University of Glasgow, and probably took an anatomy course at the ...

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Collignon, Charles (1725–1785), anatomist and physician, born in London on 30 January 1725, was the son of Paul Collignon, a minister of the Dutch church in Austin Friars, London, who was a native of Hesse-Cassel, Germany. He died when his son was still young. After attending school in ...

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Thompson Cooper

revised by Michael Bevan

Collins, Samuel (bap. 1618, d. 1710), anatomist and physician, was the only son of John Collins, rector of Rotherfield, Sussex, who was descended from a family long established in Somerset and Devon. He received his education at Trinity College, Cambridge, where he was elected to a scholarship, and afterwards to a fellowship. ...

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Combe, Andrew (1797–1847), physician and phrenologist, the fifteenth child and seventh son of George Comb, a brewer, and his wife, Marion (née Newton), was born in Edinburgh on 27 October 1797. Among his siblings was George Combe, the leading British proponent of phrenology. Although the family home was cramped and in an insalubrious location, ...

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Crooke, Helkiah (1576–1648), physician and anatomist, born in Suffolk, was the third son of Thomas Crooke (c. 1545–1598), puritan rector of Great Waldingfield, Suffolk, and preacher to Gray's Inn, London, after 1582. Crooke matriculated as a sizar at St John's College, Cambridge, on 7 October 1591. In the following November he was admitted scholar on a foundation established by ...

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Epps, John (1805–1869), physician and phrenologist, was born at Blackheath, Kent, on 15 February 1805, the son of John Epps, a wealthy pork butcher of Sevenoaks, Kent, and his first wife (d. c.1810). He had two sisters, and George Napoleon Epps (1815–1874)...

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Goddard, Jonathan (bap. 1617, d. 1675), physician, chemist, and anatomist, was baptized at St Mary, Chatham, Kent, on 2 February 1617, the son of Henry Goddard, a wealthy Deptford shipbuilder. Goddard entered Magdalen Hall, Oxford, as a commoner in 1632 and for four years '...

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Havers, Clopton (1657–1702), physician and anatomist, was one of at least three sons of the Revd Henry Havers (1620–1705×13), rector of Stambourne, Essex, who was ejected in 1662 for his Presbyterian convictions. Clopton Havers entered St Catharine's College, Cambridge, as a pensioner on 6 May 1668, but did not complete any degree. He was admitted an extra-licentiate of the ...

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Highmore, Nathaniel (1613–1685), chemical physician and anatomist, was born on 6 February 1613 at Fordingbridge, Hampshire, the elder son of Nathaniel Highmore, rector of Purse Caundle, a village near Sherborne in Dorset. Educated at Sherborne School and Trinity College, Oxford, Highmore graduated BA (1635) and MA (1638) with the aid of a scholarship at ...

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Hunter, William (1718–1783), physician, anatomist, and man-midwife, was born on 23 May 1718 at Long Calderwood, East Kilbride, Lanarkshire, the seventh of ten children of John Hunter (d. 1741), farmer, and Agnes (d. 1751), a woman of wide education, daughter of ...

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Maker: Allan Ramsay

William Hunter (1718–1783) by Allan Ramsay, c. 1764 © Hunterian Art Gallery, University of Glasgow

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Joyliffe, George (1621–1658), anatomist and physician, was born at East Stower in Dorset, the son of John Joyliffe. He matriculated from Wadham College, Oxford, in 1637, aged sixteen, graduating BA in 1640 and MA in 1643, the latter through Pembroke College, where he remained until 1648. In 1643 he served as lieutenant in the royalist army under ...

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Keill, James (1673–1719), physician and anatomist, was born in Edinburgh on 27 March 1673, the younger son of Robert Keill, admitted as a writer to the signet on 29 November 1673, and his wife, Sarah Cockburn (d. 1697), a draper. Sarah Cockburn's...

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W. A. Greenhill

revised by Michael Bevan

Marshal, Andrew (1742–1813), physician and anatomist, born at Park Hill, Fife, was the son of John Marshal, a farmer with a numerous family living near Newburgh. He lived for some time with his maternal grandfather who taught him to read before he attended first ...

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D'A. Power

revised by Patrick Wallis

Needham, Walter (bap. 1632, d. 1691), physician and anatomist, was the son of Gervase Needham (d. 1649), vicar of Bishops Castle, Shropshire, and his wife, Ann. He was baptized on 28 December 1632 at Bishop's Castle. Educated as a queen's scholar at ...

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Francis Nicholls (bap. 1699?, d. 1778) attrib. Thomas Hudson, c. 1745–8 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Nicholls, Francis [Frank] (bap. 1699?, d. 1778), anatomist and physician, was the second of the three sons of John Nicholls (d. 1714) of Trereife, Cornwall, barrister. He can probably be identified with the Francis Nicholls who was baptized on 19 January 1699 at the church of ...

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W. A. Shaw

revised by Michael Bevan

Parsons, John (1742–1785), physician and anatomist, son of Major Parsons of the dragoons, was born at York. He was educated at Westminster School, being admitted a king's scholar in 1756. In 1759 he was elected to Christ Church, Oxford, where he matriculated on 19 June. He graduated BA on 27 April 1763 and MA on 6 June 1766. As an undergraduate he contributed a Latin ode to the ...