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Adelstein, Abraham Manie [Abe] (1916–1992), occupational physician and medical statistician, was born on 28 March 1916 at Trichard, eastern Transvaal, South Africa, the fourth of five children (four boys and one girl) of Nathan Adelstein, miller in Trichard, and Rosie Cohen, both Jewish immigrants from ...

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Matthew Baillie (1761–1823) by Sir Thomas Lawrence, c. 1806 by permission of the Royal College of Physicians, London

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Baillie, Matthew (1761–1823), morbid anatomist and physician, was born on 27 October 1761 at Shotts manse, Lanarkshire, the second but only surviving son of James Baillie (c.1722–1778) and his wife, Dorothea (c.1721–1806). They had an elder daughter, and also one younger, ...

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Banting, Sir Frederick Grant (1891–1941), physician and medical researcher, was born near the town of Alliston, Ontario, Canada, on 14 November 1891, the fourth son and fifth and youngest child of William Thompson Banting (1849–1929), a farmer of Irish descent, and his wife, ...

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Bearn, Alexander Gordon [Alick] (1923–2009), physician and medical scientist, was born on 29 March 1923 at Lethnot, Manor Road, Cheam, Surrey, the elder son and second of three children of Edward Gordon Bearn (1887–1945), a civil servant in the Ministry of Health, and his wife, ...

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Bennett, John Hughes (1812–1875), physician and physiologist, was born on 31 August 1812 at Exeter, Devon, the only son of John Stokes Bennett (1773–1829), Exeter freeman, actor, and musician, and his wife, Julia Hughes (1783–1854), an actress, daughter of Richard Hughes (d...

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Blundell, James (1790–1878), physician and physiologist, was born in London on 27 December 1790. Educated first by the Revd Thomas Thomason, and then at the United Borough Hospitals by his maternal uncle, the physiologist John Haighton, he graduated MD at Edinburgh in 1813. ...

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Bradford, Sir John Rose, baronet (1863–1935), physician and physiologist, was born in London on 7 May 1863, the only son of Abraham Rose Bradford, naval surgeon, and his wife, Ellen, daughter of Nicholas Littleton. Both parents came from Saltash, near Plymouth, where Littletons...

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Carswell, Sir Robert (1793–1857), physician and pathological anatomist, was born on 3 February 1793 in Paisley, the son of Robert Carswell, a print cutter of Thornliebank, and his wife, Bethia Foulds. He studied medicine at the University of Glasgow, and probably took an anatomy course at the ...

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Sir Cyril Astley Clarke (1907–2000) by Ruskin Spear, 1977 by permission of the Royal College of Physicians, London

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Clarke, Sir Cyril Astley (1907–2000), physician and medical scientist, was born on 22 August 1907 at 37 London Road, Leicester, the only son and second of the three children of Astley Vavasour Clarke (1870–1945), physician, and his wife, Ethel Mary (1872–1966), daughter of ...

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Collignon, Charles (1725–1785), anatomist and physician, born in London on 30 January 1725, was the son of Paul Collignon, a minister of the Dutch church in Austin Friars, London, who was a native of Hesse-Cassel, Germany. He died when his son was still young. After attending school in ...

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Thompson Cooper

revised by Michael Bevan

Collins, Samuel (bap. 1618, d. 1710), anatomist and physician, was the only son of John Collins, rector of Rotherfield, Sussex, who was descended from a family long established in Somerset and Devon. He received his education at Trinity College, Cambridge, where he was elected to a scholarship, and afterwards to a fellowship. ...

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Combe, Andrew (1797–1847), physician and phrenologist, the fifteenth child and seventh son of George Comb, a brewer, and his wife, Marion (née Newton), was born in Edinburgh on 27 October 1797. Among his siblings was George Combe, the leading British proponent of phrenology. Although the family home was cramped and in an insalubrious location, ...

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Crooke, Helkiah (1576–1648), physician and anatomist, born in Suffolk, was the third son of Thomas Crooke (c. 1545–1598), puritan rector of Great Waldingfield, Suffolk, and preacher to Gray's Inn, London, after 1582. Crooke matriculated as a sizar at St John's College, Cambridge, on 7 October 1591. In the following November he was admitted scholar on a foundation established by ...

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John Langdon Haydon Langdon- Down (1828–1896) by Sydney Hodges reproduced by permission of the Langdon Down Museum of Learning Disability (www.langdondownmuseum.org.uk)

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Down, John Langdon Haydon Langdon- (1828–1896), physician and expert in mental science, was born in Torpoint, Cornwall, on 18 November 1828, the youngest of seven children (three daughters and four sons) of Joseph Almond Down (d. 1853), apothecary, and his wife, Hanna Haydon...

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Elliott, Thomas Renton (1877–1961), physician and physiologist, was born at Willington, co. Durham, on 11 October 1877, the eldest son of Archibald William Elliott, retailer, and his wife, Anne, daughter of Thomas Renton, of Otley, Yorkshire. He went to Durham School where he was head boy, played rugby and cricket for the school, and won the fives challenge cup. He obtained a leaving exhibition to ...

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Epps, John (1805–1869), physician and phrenologist, was born at Blackheath, Kent, on 15 February 1805, the son of John Epps, a wealthy pork butcher of Sevenoaks, Kent, and his first wife (d. c.1810). He had two sisters, and George Napoleon Epps (1815–1874)...

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Fraser, Sir Francis Richard (1885–1964), physician and physiologist, was born in Edinburgh on 14 February 1885, the seventh child of Sir Thomas Richard Fraser (1841–1920), professor of medicine, and his wife, Susannah Margaret Duncan. He went from Edinburgh Academy to Christ's College, Cambridge...