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Aldis, Charles James Berridge (1808–1872), physician and public health reformer, and the eldest son of Sir Charles Aldis (1776–1863), surgeon, was born in London on 16 January 1808. He was educated at St Paul's School and matriculated from Trinity College, Cambridge, in 1828; he graduated BA (1831), MB (1832), and MA (1834). ...

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Neil Arnott (1788–1874) by Smyth (after Jabez Hogg) © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Arnott, Neil (1788–1874), physician and public health reformer, the son of William Arnott, a manufacturer and farmer, and his wife, Ann Maclean, was born at Arbroath in Forfarshire, Scotland, on 15 May 1788. A Roman Catholic by upbringing, he was educated by his mother, at the parish school of ...

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Bentley, Charlotte Eliza (1915–1996), nurse and nursing activist, was born on 15 December 1915 at 63 Portland Court, Great Portland Street, London, the daughter of John Richard Bentley, hosier, and Charlotte Emma Redard. After education at a Swiss convent school and secretarial training ...

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Buchanan, Sir George Seaton (1869–1936), expert in public health, was born in London on 19 February 1869, the elder son of Sir George Buchanan (1831–1895), and his second wife, Alice Mary Asmar, daughter of Edward Cator Seaton (1815–1880). He was educated in London...

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Sir Henry Charles Burdett (1847–1920) by Bassano, 1897 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Burdett, Sir Henry Charles (1847–1920), philanthropist and hospital reformer, was born on 18 March 1847 at Broughton, Northamptonshire, the son of Halford Robert Burdett (1813–1864), a clergyman in the parish of Gilmorton, Leicestershire, and his wife, Alsina, née Brailsford, from Lincolnshire. The Burdett...

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Carpenter, Alfred John (1825–1892), physician and propagandist for the cause of sewage farming, the son of John William Carpenter, surgeon, of Rothwell, Northamptonshire, was born at Rothwell on 28 May 1825. He attended Moulton grammar school in Lincolnshire, before becoming a pupil of ...

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Frost, John (1803–1840), medical entrepreneur, was baptized at St Martin-in-the-Fields on 9 May 1803, the son of William and Mary Frost, who were in business in the Charing Cross area of London. A twin and very delicate in infancy, he was sent away to a school at ...

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John Glaister (1856–1932) by William Somerville Shanks, 1917 © reserved / Hunterian Art Gallery, University of Glasgow

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Glaister, John (1856–1932), expert in medical jurisprudence and public health, was born on 9 March 1856 in the county town of Lanark, the eldest of four children born to Joseph Glaister (1830–1871) and Marion Hamilton Weir (1832–1871), small property owners, grocers, and spirit merchants. ...

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Greenhill, William Alexander (1814–1894), physician and sanitary reformer, was born at Stationers' Hall, London, on 1 January 1814, the youngest of the three sons of George Greenhill (1766–1850), secretary to the Stationers' Company, and his wife, Sarah Ann. The Greenhill family had a long-standing association with the ...

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Grigg [née Dickson-Poynder], Joan Alice Katherine, Lady Altrincham (1897–1987), organizer of maternity and nursing services in Africa, was born at Hartham Park, near Corsham, Wiltshire, on 11 September 1897, the only child of John Poynder Dickson-Poynder, Baron Islington (1866–1936), and his wife, ...

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Haliday, Charles (1789–1866), public health reformer and antiquary, was born at Carrick-on-Suir, co. Tipperary, the second son of William Haliday, an apothecary. In 1809 he was sent by his father to London to work as a clerk in Lubbock's Bank. He returned to ...

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Holland, Sydney George, second Viscount Knutsford (1855–1931), hospital administrator and reformer, was born in London on 19 March 1855, the elder of the twin sons of Sir Henry Thurstan Holland, second baronet and first Viscount Knutsford (1825–1914), and Elizabeth Margaret (1825–1855), elder daughter of ...

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King [née Gore-Browne], Dame Ethel Locke (1864–1956), motor-racing promoter and hospital patron, was born on 3 June 1864 at Government House, Hobart, Tasmania, the younger daughter of Colonel Sir Thomas Gore-Browne (1807–1887), governor of Tasmania, and his wife, Harriet Louisa, daughter of ...

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Lane, Sir William Arbuthnot, first baronet (1856–1943), surgeon and health campaigner, was born at Fort George, near Inverness in Scotland, on 4 July 1856, the eldest child of Benjamin Lane (b. 1827), surgeon to the 80th regiment of foot, and his wife, ...

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Edwin Lankester (1814–1874) by Antoine Claudet, c. 1862 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Lankester, Edwin (1814–1874), public health reformer and natural historian, was born on 23 April 1814 at Melton, near Woodbridge, Suffolk. His father, William Lankester (1791–1818), was a builder who died of tuberculosis at the age of twenty-seven leaving his widow, Susan, née Taylor...

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Lee, Edwin (d. 1870), writer on medical reform and spa physician, was born some time around the beginning of the nineteenth century. Nothing is known about his early years and information about his parents appears non-existent. He was articled under the Royal College of Surgeons, London...