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Anson, George, Baron Anson (1697–1762), naval officer and politician, was born on 23 April 1697 at Colwich, Staffordshire, the second son of William Anson (d. 1720) and his wife, Isabella, daughter and coheir of Charles Carrier of Wirksworth, Derbyshire. As the younger son of a minor country gentleman, ...

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George Anson, Baron Anson (1697–1762) by Sir Joshua Reynolds, 1753–5 Shugborough, The Anson Collection (The National Trust). Photograph: Photographic Survey, Courtauld Institute of Art, London

Article

Beresford, Sir John Poo, first baronet (1766–1844), naval officer and politician, was an illegitimate son of George de la Poer Beresford, earl of Tyrone and afterwards first marquess of Waterford, and brother of William Carr Beresford, Viscount Beresford. He was educated at Catterick Bridge, Yorkshire...

Article

Berkeley, Sir George Cranfield (1753–1818), naval officer and politician, was born on 10 August 1753, the second son and last of the four surviving children of the eight born to Augustus, fourth earl of Berkeley (1716–1755), army officer, and Elizabeth (1719/20–1792), daughter of ...

Article

Berkeley, Maurice Frederick Fitzhardinge, first Baron Fitzhardinge of Bristol (1788–1867), naval officer and politician, was born on 3 January 1788, the second illegitimate son of Frederick Augustus, fifth earl of Berkeley (1745–1810), and Mary (1766/7–1844), daughter of William Cole, publican and butcher, of ...

Article

Boscawen, Edward (1711–1761), naval officer and politician, was born on 19 August 1711, the third of five sons of Hugh Boscawen, first Viscount Falmouth (c. 1680–1734), politician and courtier, and Charlotte (d. 1754), eldest daughter of Charles Godfrey and his wife, Arabella...

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Edward Boscawen (1711–1761) by Sir Joshua Reynolds, c. 1755–6 © National Portrait Gallery, London

Article

Bowyer, Sir George, first baronet (1740–1800), naval officer and politician, was baptized on 3 May 1740, at Denham, Buckinghamshire, the third son of Sir William Bowyer, third baronet (1710–1767), of Denham, and Anne (d. 1785), daughter of Sir John Stonhouse, baronet, of ...

Article

Butler, Thomas, sixth earl of Ossory (1634–1680), politician and naval officer, was born at Kilkenny Castle on 8 July 1634, the eldest son of James Butler, twelfth earl of Ormond and fifth earl of Ossory, later first duke of Ormond (1610–1688), and his wife, ...

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Thomas Butler, sixth earl of Ossory (1634–1680) studio of Sir Peter Lely, c. 1678 © National Portrait Gallery, London

Article

E. I. Carlyle

revised by Andrew Lambert

Cole, Sir Christopher (1770–1836), naval officer and politician, born at Marazion in Cornwall on 10 June 1770, was the sixth and youngest son of Humphrey Cole of Marazion and his wife, Phillis, daughter of Francis Maugham. He entered the navy in 1780 as midshipman on the ...

Article

J. K. Laughton

revised by Andrew Lambert

Elliot, Sir George (1784–1863), naval officer and politician, was the second son of Gilbert Elliot Murray Kynynmound, first earl of Minto (1751–1814), and his wife, Anna Maria (1752–1829), daughter of Sir George Amyand, bt. He was born on 1 August 1784, the younger brother of ...

Article

Elliot, Sir George Augustus (1813–1901), naval officer and politician, was born at Calcutta on 25 September 1813, the eldest son of Admiral Sir George Elliot (1784–1863) and his wife, Eliza Cecilia née Ness. He entered the navy in November 1827, and was made lieutenant on 12 November 1834. For the next three years he was in the ...

Article

Gower, John Leveson- (1740–1792), naval officer and politician, was born on 11 July 1740, the second son of John Leveson-Gower, first Earl Gower (1694–1754), politician, and his third wife, Mary Grey (1701–1785), the daughter of Thomas Tufton, earl of Thanet, and the widow of ...

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Thomas Griffin (1692/33–1771) by Richard Houston (after Thomas Hudson, c. 1748) © National Portrait Gallery, London

Article

J. K. Laughton

revised by Richard Harding

Griffin, Thomas (1692/3–1771), naval officer and politician, whose parents are unknown, was said to have belonged to a younger branch of the family of Lord Griffin of Braybrooke. The list of MPs for 1754 referred to his being 'of Dixton Hadnock in Monmouthshire...

Article

J. K. Laughton

revised by C. H. H. Owen

Harvey, Sir Eliab (1758–1830), naval officer and politician, was born on 5 December 1758 at Chigwell, Essex, the fourth but second surviving son of William Harvey (1714–1763), MP for Essex, and his wife, Emma (b. c.1729), daughter of Stephen and Emma Skynner...

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Arthur Herbert, earl of Torrington (1648–1716) by John Closterman, c. 1689–90 Normanby Hall Country Park, North Lincolnshire Museums Service

Article

Herbert, Arthur, earl of Torrington (1648–1716), naval officer and politician, was born between July and October 1648, the third son of Sir Edward Herbert (c. 1591–1657), attorney-general to Charles I, and Margaret Carey, the widow of Thomas Carey (d. 9 April 1634)...

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Augustus John Hervey, third earl of Bristol (1724–1779) by Sir Joshua Reynolds, 1762–3 Manor House Museum, Bury St Edmunds