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Abercrombie, John (1780–1844), physician, eldest of four sons of the Revd George Abercrombie and his second wife, Barbara Morice, was born on 10 October 1780 in Aberdeen, where his father was parish minister of East Church, and exerted a powerful influence on his religious and moral upbringing. ...

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Abercromby, David (d. 1701?), physician and philosopher, most probably belonged to the Abercrombys of Seaton in the north-east of Scotland where he is believed to have been born. It is not known if Abercromby married or had children, although what survives of his biography makes marriage unlikely. Nothing is known of his parentage....

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John Abernethy (1764–1831) by Sir Thomas Lawrence, 1819–20 St Bartholomew's Hospital Archives and Museum. Photograph: Photographic Survey, Courtauld Institute of Art, London

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Abernethy, John (1764–1831), surgeon, born in Coleman Street, London, on 3 April 1764, was one of the five children of John Abernethy, a merchant, and his wife, Elizabeth Weir from Antrim in Ireland. Abernethy's early education took place at Wolverhampton grammar school, and at the age of fifteen he was apprenticed to ...

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Sir Henry Wentworth Acland, first baronet (1815–1900) by Julia Margaret Cameron, 1867 Royal Photographic Society; photograph National Portrait Gallery, London

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Acland, Sir Henry Wentworth, first baronet (1815–1900), physician, was the fifth of the nine children and the fourth son of Sir Thomas Dyke Acland, tenth baronet (1787–1871), and Lydia Elizabeth Hoare (d. 1856). Born at the family home of Killerton, at Broadclyst...

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Acton, William John (1812/13–1875), surgeon specializing in genito-urinary disorders, was baptized at Shillingstone, Dorset, on 12 May 1814, the second son of Edward Acton (1785/6–1875), curate of the parish, and his wife, Elizabeth (c.1788–1817). He had two brothers, John (who also went into the church) and ...

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Adair, Gilbert Smithson (1896–1979), physiologist, was born on 21 September 1896 in Whitehaven, the elder child and only son of Harold Adair, manager of an iron ore mine in Cumberland, and his wife, Anna Mary Jackson, from Garstang. The family later moved to nearby ...

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H. B. Grimsditch

revised by Geoffrey L. Asherson

Adami, John George (1862–1926), pathologist, was born on 12 January 1862 in the Albion Hotel, Piccadilly, Manchester. He was the second son of five sons and four daughters of John George Adami, hotel proprietor, and his wife, Sarah Ann Ellis, daughter of Thomas Leech...

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Adams [formerly Adam], Francis (1796–1861), physician and classical scholar, was born on 13 March 1796 at Auchinhove, Lumphanan, Aberdeenshire, the son of James Adam, a small farmer and builder, and his wife, Elspet Black. He was educated at the parish school, winning a bursary to ...

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Percy Hoskins

revised by Michael Bevan

Adams, John Bodkin (1899–1983), general practitioner and forger, was born on 20 January 1899 in Randalstown, co. Antrim, the elder son of Samuel Adams, watchmaker, and his wife, Ellen Bodkin (d. 1943), formerly of Desertmartin, co. Tyrone. The younger son was born in 1903 and died of pneumonia in 1916. Shortly after ...

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Adams, Joseph (1756–1818), physician, was born on 20 July 1756, the youngest of the three sons of Joseph Adams (1725?–1783), an apothecary in Basinghall Street, London, and his wife, Susannah, daughter of Timothy Rogers. He was educated to succeed his father, studying in ...

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J. F. Payne

revised by J. B. Lyons

Adams, Robert (1794/5–1875), surgeon, was born in Dublin, the son of Samuel Adams, a solicitor, and his wife, Elizabeth, née Filgate. He entered Trinity College, Dublin, on 6 November 1809, at the age of fourteen, and graduated BA in 1814 and MA in 1832; he became MB and MD in 1842. He began the study of medicine by apprenticeship to ...

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