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Abercrombie, John (1780–1844), physician, eldest of four sons of the Revd George Abercrombie and his second wife, Barbara Morice, was born on 10 October 1780 in Aberdeen, where his father was parish minister of East Church, and exerted a powerful influence on his religious and moral upbringing. ...

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Adams [formerly Adam], Francis (1796–1861), physician and classical scholar, was born on 13 March 1796 at Auchinhove, Lumphanan, Aberdeenshire, the son of James Adam, a small farmer and builder, and his wife, Elspet Black. He was educated at the parish school, winning a bursary to ...

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Aird, Ian (1905–1962), surgeon, was born on 4 July 1905 at Belgrave Terrace, Corstorphine, Edinburgh, the first of two sons of William Aird (b. 1872), master tailor, and his wife, Jean Elizabeth Ogle (formerly Binnie). Both parents were lowland Scots, the father's forebears from ...

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Anderson, Katharine Edith McCall (1866–1924), civilian and military nurse, was born at 1 Woodside Crescent, Anderston, Glasgow, on 5 January 1866, the eldest daughter among the eight children of Sir Thomas McCall Anderson (1836–1908), who became a professor of the practice of medicine at the ...

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Anderson, Patrick (1579/80–c. 1660), physician and manufacturer of patent medicines, was born in Scotland. By 1618, when his first work appeared, he was already an established physician in Edinburgh; the book, about the cold spring of Kinghorn Craig in the Firth of Forth...

Article

James Cooper

revised by J. O'D. Alexander

Anderson, Sir Thomas McCall (1836–1908), physician and dermatologist, was born at 159 St Vincent Street, Glasgow, on 9 June 1836. One of eight children, he was the second son of Alexander Dunlop Anderson (1794–1871), a medical practitioner in Glasgow and former president of the ...

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John Arbuthnot (bap. 1667, d. 1735) by Sir Godfrey Kneller, 1723 © Hunterian Art Gallery, University of Glasgow

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Arbuthnot [Arbuthnott], John (bap. 1667, d. 1735), physician and satirist, was baptized on 29 April 1667 at Arbuthnott, Kincardineshire, on the north-east Scottish coast, near Stonehaven, the eldest son of Alexander Arbuthnott (c.1636–1691), minister of Arbuthnott, and Margaret, daughter of John Lammie (or Lamy)...

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Armstrong, George (1719/20–1789), physician specializing in the treatment of children, was born at Castleton in Liddesdale, Roxburghshire, the third son and youngest of the six children of Robert Armstrong (1661–1732), Presbyterian minister, of Castleton, and his second wife, Christian Mowatt (1675–1753). He was the younger brother of the poet ...

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Arthur, John William (1881–1952), missionary and physician, was born on 23 April 1881 in Glasgow, son of John William Arthur (1848–1921), a calico printer, and Margaret Dennistoun Sloan (1846–1917), daughter of David Sloan, a Glasgow businessman. He grew up in an atmosphere of warm evangelical piety. Already at the age of twelve he determined to be a missionary and chose to study medicine with that in mind. ...

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Arthur S. MacNalty

revised by Mary E. Gibson

Balfour, Sir Andrew (1873–1931), expert in tropical medicine and novelist, was born in Edinburgh on 21 March 1873, the eldest son of Thomas Alexander Goldie Balfour MD, of Edinburgh, and his wife, Margaret, daughter of Peter Christall, of Elgin. He was educated at ...

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George William Balfour (1823–1903) by Reginald Henry Campbell Royal College of Physicians of Edinburgh

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Balfour, George William (1823–1903), physician and cardiologist, was born at the manse, Sorn, Ayrshire, on 2 June 1823, the eighth of the thirteen children of Lewis Balfour DD and Henrietta Scott Balfour, third daughter of George Smith DD, the minister of Galston who was satirized by ...

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Sir George Ballingall (1780–1855) by unknown engraver Wellcome Library, London

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Ballingall, Sir George (1780–1855), military surgeon and medical writer, was born on 2 May 1780 at Forglen, Banffshire, the son of the Revd Robert Ballingall, and his wife, a daughter of J. Simson of Edinshead. His education began at the Falkland parish school...

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Baron, John (1786–1851), physician, was born on 26 May 1786 at St Andrews, Fife, the third of the six children of William Barron (d. 1803), professor of logic and belles-lettres at the university, and Margaret Stark. Baron attended arts courses at St Andrews University...

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H. M. Chichester

revised by James Falkner

Beatson, George Steward (1814–1874), army medical officer, third son of Duncan Beatson of Campbeltown, Argyll, was born at Greenock in May 1814. He graduated in arts and medicine at Glasgow (MD 1836) and became LCS (Edinburgh) in 1836. In 1838 he joined the ...

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Bennett, John Hughes (1812–1875), physician and physiologist, was born on 31 August 1812 at Exeter, Devon, the only son of John Stokes Bennett (1773–1829), Exeter freeman, actor, and musician, and his wife, Julia Hughes (1783–1854), an actress, daughter of Richard Hughes (d...

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Blackadder, William (1647–1696), physician and plotter, was the eldest son of John Blackadder the elder (1615/1623?–1686), and his wife, Janet Haining (d. 1688); Adam Blackadder (b. 1659, d. in or after 1696) and John Blackadder (1664–1729) were among his brothers. Admitted to ...

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Blackrie, Alexander (bap. 1702, d. 1772), surgeon-apothecary, was baptized on 14 June 1702 at the church of St Nicholas, Aberdeen, the seventh of the eleven children of William Blackrie and his wife, Isobel, née Fordyce. A merchant's son, he was educated at the grammar school and ...