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Atkins, John (bap. 1685, d. 1757), naval surgeon, the son of John and Grace Atkins, was baptized on 26 November 1685 at Plaistow, Essex. He served a professional apprenticeship before commencing a chequered naval career in March 1701 as surgeon's mate of the ...

Article

T. F. Henderson

revised by Andrew Lambert

Beatty, Sir William (d. 1842), naval surgeon, joined the navy at an early age, and saw much service in it in various parts of the world. In 1806 he was appointed physician to the Royal Naval Hospital, Greenwich, an office which he retained until 1840. He attended ...

Article

W. E. A. Axon

revised by Andrew Lambert

Bellot, Thomas (1806–1857), naval surgeon and philologist, was born on 16 March 1806 at Manchester, where his father, after whom he was named, was a practising surgeon in Oldham Street. The father, a native of Derbyshire, gave evidence in 1818 to a House of Lords...

Article

Bryson, Alexander (1802–1869), naval surgeon, began his professional studies at Edinburgh and continued them at Glasgow, where he qualified in 1827 and was admitted to the Royal Faculty of Physicians and Surgeons. In the same year he entered the navy as assistant surgeon; he was promoted surgeon in 1836, deputy inspector-general in 1854, and inspector-general in 1855. In January 1864, on the retirement of ...

Article

B. B. Woodward

revised by Yolanda Foote

Busk, George (1807–1886), surgeon and naturalist, was born on 12 August 1807 at St Petersburg, the second son of Robert Busk (1768–1835), merchant of St Petersburg, and his wife, Jane, daughter of John Westly, a customs house clerk at St Petersburg. Sir Wadsworth Busk (1730–1811)...

Article

Bynoe, Benjamin (1803–1865), ship's surgeon and naturalist, was born at Christ Church, Barbados, on 25 July 1803, the son of Samuel and Elizabeth Bynoe. Nothing is known of Bynoe's education and though he was sometimes styled MD there is no record that he obtained this qualification in the ...

Article

H. D. Rolleston

revised by Andrew Lambert

Coppinger, Richard William (1847–1910), naval surgeon and naturalist, born on 11 October 1847 in Dublin, was the youngest of the six sons of Joseph William Coppinger, a solicitor of Farmley, Dundrum, co. Dublin, and his wife, Agnes Mary, only daughter of William Lalor Cooke...

Article

Cunningham, Peter Miller (1789–1864), naval surgeon and pioneer in Australia, fifth and youngest son of John Cunningham (1743–1800) of Dalswinton, near Dumfries, land steward and farmer, and his wife, Elizabeth, née Harley, the daughter of a Dumfries merchant, was born at Dalswinton in November 1789. He was brother of ...

Article

Irving, James (1759–1791), naval surgeon and slave trader, was born at Langholm, Dumfriesshire, on 15 December 1759, the third and only surviving child of John Irving (1731?–1807), blacksmith and innkeeper, and his wife, Isobel, née Little (1725?–1791). As a surgeon and captain in the ...

Article

J. K. Laughton

revised by Elizabeth Baigent

Ives, Edward (1719–1786), naval surgeon and traveller, was born in Lymington, Hampshire, on 9 February 1719; of his early life little is known save that he had at least one sister, Gatty. He served in the navy as surgeon of the Dragon initially in the ...

Article

Lind, James (1716–1794), naval surgeon and physician, was born in Edinburgh on 4 October 1716, the son of James Lind, a merchant, and his wife, Margaret Smelholme (Smellum), a member of an Edinburgh medical family. (He is not to be confused with his cousin ...

Image

James Lind (1716–1794) by John Wright (after Sir George Chalmers, 1783) Wellcome Library, London

Article

J. K. Laughton

revised by Elizabeth Baigent

McCormick, Robert (1800–1890), naval surgeon, explorer, and naturalist, born at Runham, near Great Yarmouth, Norfolk, on 22 July 1800, was the only son of Robert McCormick (d. 1817), surgeon in the navy, son of Robert McCormick of Ballyreagh, co. Tyrone, where the family had been settled for several generations. He spent his childhood near ...

Article

J. K. Laughton

revised by Roger Morriss

McLeod, John (c. 1777–1820), naval surgeon and author, was said to have been born in the parish of Bonhill, Dunbartonshire, in 1782, but was probably born five or six years earlier. After qualifying as a medical practitioner, and serving some time in the ...

Article

Menzies, Archibald (1754–1842), naval surgeon and botanical collector, was born at the house of Styx or Stix, near Aberfeldy, Perthshire, on 15 March 1754, the son of James and Ann Menzies. He had three brothers and four sisters, and was educated at the parish school at ...

Article

Moyle, John (d. 1714), naval surgeon, having served for many years at sea in merchant ships and ships of war and having been 'in most of the sea fights that we have had with any nation in my time', secured a pension from the crown in 1690. Nothing is known of his early life. In later life, describing himself as 'being grown in years and not capable to hold it longer in that employ' as a surgeon at sea (...

Article

D'A. Power

revised by Claire E. J. Herrick

Northcote, William (d. 1783?), naval surgeon, of Camelford, Cornwall, passed an examination for naval surgeons at the Company of Surgeons in London on 20 October 1757, and was declared to be fit to act as a surgeon's second mate on ships of war of the fourth rate. Progressing through the ranks, in February 1771 ...

Article

Oudney, Walter (1790–1824), naval surgeon and traveller in Africa, was born in December 1790 to humble parents, in Edinburgh. With some medical knowledge he became a surgeon's mate on a man-of-war, was appointed assistant surgeon and then surgeon in 1810, and was stationed in the ...

Article

Outram, Sir Benjamin Fonseca (1774–1856), surgeon and naval officer, son of Captain William Outram, was born in Kilham, near Bridlington, Yorkshire, and baptized at Gravesend, Kent. He was apprenticed to a Mr Coleman and later to Mr William Harvis, surgeon-apothecaries of Gravesend. He joined the ...

Article

G. Le G. Norgate

revised by Andrew Lambert

Rae, Sir William (1786–1873), naval surgeon, was the son of Matthew Rae of Park-end, Annandale, Dumfries. He was educated at Lochmaben and Dumfries schools, and afterwards graduated MD at Edinburgh University. In 1804 he entered the medical service of the East India Company...