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Sir George Back (1796–1878) by Maull & Polyblank Howarth-Loomes Collection; photograph National Portrait Gallery, London

Article

A. H. Beesly

revised by Andrew Lambert

Back, Sir George (1796–1878), naval officer and explorer, was born on 6 November 1796 at Stockport, Cheshire, the second son of John Back and his wife, Ann. He entered the navy as midshipman of the Arethusa in 1808. He was present at the destruction of the batteries at ...

Article

J. K. Laughton

revised by Andrew C. F. David

Clerke, Charles (1743–1779), naval officer and circumnavigator, was born in Weatherfield, Essex, the son of Joseph Clerke, a farmer. He had a brother, Sir John Clerke, and a sister who married Paul Henry Maty. He entered the navy in 1755 as captain's servant and midshipman in the ...

Article

J. K. Laughton

revised by Andrew Lambert

Collinson, Sir Richard (1811–1883), naval officer and explorer, was born on 7 November 1811 at Gateshead, co. Durham, where his father, the Revd John Collinson (c.1791–1857), was rector. His mother was Amelia, née King (b. 1783), daughter of the philanthropist ...

Article

Frobisher, Sir Martin (1535?–1594), privateer, explorer, and naval commander, was descended from John Frobisher (b. c.1260), a Scot settled in lands near Chirk in Denbighshire granted in recognition of his services to Edward I during the Welsh wars. In the mid-fourteenth century the family crossed the ...

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Sir Martin Frobisher (1535?–1594) by Cornelius Ketel, 1577 © Bodleian Library, University of Oxford

Article

Gore, John (1729/30?–1790), circumnavigator and naval officer, was reputedly born in Virginia, and was presumably already an experienced seaman when, on 25 August 1755, he joined the Windsor (60 guns) at Portsmouth, and was rated midshipman. He was discharged to sick quarters in ...

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George Francis Lyon (1795–1832) by John Jackson Christie's Images Ltd. (2004)

Article

Lyon, George Francis [alias Said-ben-Abdallah] (1795–1832), naval officer and explorer, son of a colonel in the army, was born at Chichester, Sussex. Around 1805 he was educated at Dr Burney's naval academy, Gosport, Hampshire, and entered the navy in 1808, had the commission of lieutenant confirmed in 1814, and saw much action....

Article

R. N. Rudmose Brown

revised by R. O. Morris

Moresby, John (1830–1922), naval officer and explorer, was born at Allerton, Somerset, on 15 March 1830, the second son of Admiral of the Fleet Sir Fairfax Moresby (1786/7–1877) and his wife, Eliza Louisa, the youngest daughter of John Williams, of Bakewell, Derbyshire. He was educated at a private school until the age of twelve, when he joined the ...

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John Moresby (1830–1922) by Debenham © National Portrait Gallery, London

Article

H. M. Chichester

revised by John Dickenson

Musters, George Chaworth (1841–1879), naval officer and explorer, was the younger son of John George Musters of Wiverton Hall, Nottinghamshire, formerly of the 10th Royal Hussars, and his wife, Emily, daughter of Philip Hamond, of Westacre, Norfolk. His grandmother, Mary Ann Musters née...

Article

Pring, Martin (bap. 1580, d. 1626), naval officer and explorer, was baptized on 23 April 1580 at Feniton, Devon, the son of John Pring of Awliscombe. His early life is obscure, but by 1603 he had gained the confidence of Richard Hakluyt and the patronage of the ...

Article

J. K. Laughton

revised by Andrew Lambert

Tuckey, James Kingston (1776–1816), naval officer and explorer, the youngest son of Thomas Tuckey of Greenhill, near Mallow, co. Cork, Ireland, and his wife, Elizabeth, the daughter of the Revd James Kingston of Donoughmore, was born in August 1776. His parents died in his infancy, and he was brought up by his maternal grandmother. After a voyage to the ...