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Angus, Robert (1835/6–1923), coal- and ironmaster, was probably born at New Monkland, Lanarkshire, the eldest son of James Angus, a labourer and engine-keeper, and Margaret Young. His parents married in November 1835, and Angus may have been conceived, or even born, before the marriage. Educated at ...

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Cadell family (per. c. 1740–1934), coal and ironmasters, engineers and geologists, came to prominence with William [i] Cadell (1668–1728), who appeared in Haddington as a journeyman glazier in 1701, and became a burgess there in 1704 by right of his father-in-law....

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Dixon family (per. 1770s–1880), iron and coal masters, were for three generations deeply involved in the coal and iron industries of western Scotland. They came to prominence with William [i] Dixon (1753–1824), iron and coal master, whose origins are obscure but who is reputed to have come to ...

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Gibbons family (per. c. 1735–1863), ironmasters, colliery proprietors, and bankers came to prominence with John Gibbons (1703–1778), who was active as an ironmonger by the mid-1730s. By origin the family were yeoman farmers who steadily acquired modest amounts of land in the parish of ...

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Merry, James (1805–1877), ironmaster and coalmaster, was born at Nettleholes Farm in the parish of New Monkland, Lanarkshire, the son of James Merry, coalmaster, and Janet Creelman. His father was already in business in a small way as a colliery proprietor, supplying the ...

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Morewood [née Goodwin], Ellen (bap. 1741, d. 1824), colliery owner and ironstone extractor, was baptized on 1 January 1741 at St Oswald's parish church, Ashbourne, Derbyshire, the elder of two daughters of Richard Goodwin, a gentleman attorney of Mapleton, near Ashbourne. On 20 February 1768 she married ...

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Ellen Morewood (bap. 1741, d. 1824) by George Romney, c.1770 private collection / Christie's; photograph Bridgeman Art Library

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Nevill family (per. c. 1793–1973), copper smelters and colliery proprietors, was founded by Charles Nevill (1753–1813), born in May 1753, probably on the 2nd, either at Birmingham or Stafford, the youngest of the seven children of Thomas Nevill (c.1723–...

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Palmer, Sir Charles Mark, first baronet (1822–1907), coal-owner, ironmaster and shipbuilder, was born on 3 November 1822 at King Street, South Shields, the fourth child of seven sons and one daughter of George Palmer (1789–1866), a Tyneside merchant and shipowner, and his wife, ...

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Sir Charles Mark Palmer, first baronet (1822–1907) by Sir Benjamin Stone, 1899 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Vivian, John (1750–1826), mining and copper-smelting entrepreneur, was born on 9 January 1750 in Cornwood, Devon, the eldest of four sons of Thomas Vivian, vicar of Cornwood and writer on religion and science, and his wife, Mary, daughter of John Hussey, barrister, and sister of ...