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Michael Arthur Bass, first Baron Burton (1837–1909) by C. Keene, pubd 1907 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Bass, Michael Arthur, first Baron Burton (1837–1909), brewer and benefactor, was born at Brewery House, High Street, Burton upon Trent, on 12 November 1837, the elder son of Michael Thomas Bass (1799–1884), brewer, and his wife, Eliza Jane (d. 1897), daughter of ...

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See Bell, Arthur

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Buchanan, James, Baron Woolavington (1849–1935), Scotch whisky blender and philanthropist, was born on 16 August 1849 at Brockville, Ontario, Canada, the third and youngest son of Alexander Buchanan, the son of a farmer from Bankhill, Stirlingshire, and his wife, Catherine, daughter of William McLean...

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Buxton, Edward North (1840–1924), conservationist and brewer, was born on 1 September 1840 at Upton Lane, Stratfield, Essex, the third of six sons born to Sir Edward North Buxton, second baronet (1812–1858), and his wife, Catherine, second daughter of Samuel Gurney of Upton, Essex...

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Buxton, Sir (Thomas) Fowell, third baronet (1837–1915), philanthropist, brewer, and colonial governor, was born on 26 January 1837 at West Ham, Essex, the eldest of six sons of Sir Edward North Buxton, second baronet (1812–1858), and his wife, Catherine, second daughter of Samuel Gurney (1786–1856)...

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Cadbury, Edward (1873–1948), confectionery manufacturer and industrial and social reformer, was born at 32 George Road, Edgbaston, Birmingham, on 20 March 1873, the eldest son of George Cadbury (1839–1922), cocoa and chocolate manufacturer, and his first wife, Mary, née Tylor (1849–1887). He was educated at the ...

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George Cadbury (1839–1922) by Francis Dodd, c. 1920–22 by kind permission of Cadbury Trebor Bassett

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Cadbury, George (1839–1922), confectionery manufacturer and social reformer, was born at Edgbaston, Birmingham, on 19 September 1839, the third son and fourth child of John Cadbury (1801–1889), cocoa and chocolate manufacturer, and his wife, Candia (1805–1855), daughter of George Barrow, merchant and shipowner, of ...

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John Alexander Dewar, first Baron Forteviot (1856–1929) by Bassano, early 1900s © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Dewar, John Alexander, first Baron Forteviot (1856–1929), whisky blender and philanthropist, was born at Perth on 6 June 1856, the second surviving son in a family of five sons and two daughters of John Dewar (1806–1880), wine and spirit merchant, and his wife, ...

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Flower, Charles Edward (1830–1892), brewer and benefactor, was born on 3 February 1830 at 2 Payton Street, Stratford upon Avon, the eldest of the three sons of Edward Fordham Flower (1805–1883) and his wife, Selina, née Greaves (d. 1884). Educated first by governesses and briefly at the free school in ...

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Grant, Sir Alexander, first baronet (1864–1937), biscuit manufacturer and benefactor, was born on 1 October 1864 in Forres, Moray, the eldest son of Peter Grant (1838–1882), a guard with Highland Railway, and his wife, Elizabeth, daughter of James and Elizabeth Norries. While he was a pupil at ...

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Grubb [née Pim], Sarah (1746–1832), miller and benefactor, was born on 11 December 1746 at Mountrath, Queen's county, the eldest of the fifteen children of John Pim (1718–1797), a rich Dublin wool merchant, and his wife, Sarah Clibborn (1724–1812) of Moate Castle, co. Westmeath...

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Guinness, Edward Cecil, first earl of Iveagh (1847–1927), brewer and philanthropist, was born at St Anne's, Clontarf, co. Dublin, on 10 November 1847, the youngest of the three sons of Sir Benjamin Lee Guinness (1798–1868), brewer, and his wife, Elizabeth (d. 1865)...

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Edward Cecil Guinness, first earl of Iveagh (1847–1927) by Werner & Son, pubd 1903 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Hartley, Sir William Pickles (1846–1922), jam manufacturer and philanthropist, was born on 23 February 1846 at Colne, Lancashire, the only surviving child of John Hartley, a whitesmith, and his wife, Margaret Pickles. He attended a local British and Foreign School Society school, and then ...

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See Horsley, (George) Nicholas Seward

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Hume, Rosemary Ethel (1907–1984), founder of a cookery school and writer on cookery, was born on 2 April 1907 at Underriver House, Underriver, near Sevenoaks, Kent, the daughter of Colonel Charles Vernon Hume and his wife, Ursula Wilhelmina Marshall. She was the youngest of three children. Her parents, who had only recently returned from ...

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George Lawson Johnston, first Baron Luke (1873–1943) by Lafayette, 1929 © National Portrait Gallery, London