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Arnold, Richard (d. c. 1521), merchant and chronicler, was a citizen of London, resident in the parish of St Magnus the Martyr, who seems to have made his living primarily by trading with Flanders. Nothing is known of his parentage. In 1473 he was an executor of the will of ...

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Aubrey, Andrew (d. 1356), merchant and mayor of London, was the son of Roger and Denise Aubrey. It is likely that he was born in London since he did not mention a provincial parish in his will. He became the factor of Thomas Enfield...

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Bertram, Walter (d. 1495/6), merchant and provost of Edinburgh, is first recorded in 1464. He received payments for expensive cloth sold to James III in 1473 and by 1477 was clearly wealthy, as he bought the lands of Normangills in Lanarkshire from David Lindsay, ...

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Bosan, Bartholomew (d. 1400), merchant, was a native of Lucca in Italy who had established a business in London by the early 1370s. He makes numerous appearances in the city records during the following three decades, mostly as a mainpernor, guarantor, and litigant, and often alongside fellow Italians. Accused at different times of involvement in both usury and forgery, on one occasion he was imprisoned as the result of an action by his fellow Lucchese ...

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Brampton, Sir Edward [Duarte Brandão] (c. 1440–1508), soldier and merchant, was born in Lisbon c.1440, reputedly the illegitimate son of Rui Barba and the wife of a Jewish blacksmith. About 1468 he travelled to England and converted to Christianity. As was usual in such cases, the ...

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Brembre, Sir Nicholas (d. 1388), merchant and mayor of London, is of unknown origins, though he may have been related to Sir Thomas Brembre, or Bramber, a wealthy and well-connected royal clerk who was receiver of the king's chamber from c.1347 to 1354, and keeper of the privy seal in 1354–5. One of ...

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See Browne, William

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Browne, William (d. 1489), merchant and benefactor, was the son of John Browne (d. 1442), a Stamford draper and Calais stapler, and his wife, Margery (d. 1460). He was born into a family that can be traced in Stamford back to the mid-fourteenth century. His date of birth is uncertain, though it seems likely that he was born during the decade following 1410. It is possible that he was the ...

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Buckland, Richard (d. 1436), merchant and administrator, was a member of the Fishmongers' Company in the city of London and treasurer of Calais. The names of his parents are unknown, although he had a brother, Christopher. The bequest in his will to the collegiate church of ...

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Bukerel, Andrew (d. 1237), merchant and mayor of London, was born into a prominent London family; there is no evidence to support claims that the family originated in either Devon or Italy. His father, also Andrew Bukerel, was one of the custodians appointed by ...

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Burford, Roesia [Rose] (d. 1329), merchant, was one of the four daughters of Thomas Romeyn (d. 1313), a wealthy merchant and pepperer, mayor of London in 1309–10; her mother, Juliana Hauteyn, came from an old city dynasty. At an unknown date Roesia married her father's business associate ...

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Canigiani [Caniziani], Gherardo (1424–1484), merchant, was born in Florence, the son of Bernardo di Gherardo Canigiani and his wife, Papera di messer Tommaso Sacchetti. In 1457 he stated that he had a daughter aged twelve named Piera, but nothing is known of his wife. He came to ...

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Cantelowe, Sir William (d. 1464), merchant, is first recorded in 1427, when a complaint was lodged against him and his wife, Margaret. He was then described as a mercer. A Thomas Cantelowe, mercer, mentioned in 1410, may have been his father. In the 1430s ...

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Canynges, William (1402–1474), merchant and ecclesiastical benefactor, was one of the younger of seven children of John Canynges, clothier and merchant of Bristol, and his wife, Joan Wotton. He was born into a notably successful Bristol family. William Canynges (d. 1396) was a wealthy clothier who was five times mayor of ...

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See Women traders and artisans in London

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Causton, John (d. 1353), merchant, is of unknown origin, but most likely came from Norfolk, probably taking his name from the village of Cawston, 11 miles north-west of Norwich. This part of England was notable for its textile industry, and it is not surprising that having moved to ...

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Caxton, William (1415x24–1492), printer, merchant, and diplomat, was the first Englishman to print books, bringing the printing press to England in 1475 or 1476.

Nothing is known of Caxton's family or his place of birth. He was born in the weald of Kent...

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Cely [Sely] family (per. c. 1450–c. 1500), merchants, of London, are famous particularly because of the unique collection of letters written by family members (preserved in the Public Record Office, London) as a result of the case in chancery between the younger ...

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See Cely [Sely] family

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See Cely [Sely] family