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Anderson, David (1751–1825), East India Company servant, was born in Edinburgh on 10 February 1751, the second of the eight children of David Anderson (1707–1786), writer to the signet, and his wife, Mary (d. 1781), daughter of John Mitchelson of Middleton, Edinburghshire...

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Blackadder, Adam (b. 1659, d. in or after 1696), merchant and writer on covenanting, was probably born in the parish of Troqueer, near Dumfries, the second son of John Blackadder (1615/1623?–1686), the minister there, and his wife, Janet Haining (d. 1688). Among his brothers were ...

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Bogle, George (1700–1784), merchant, was born in Glasgow, the son of Robert Bogle, a prosperous local trader, who resided at the estate of Daldowie, near Bothwell, Lanarkshire, which George inherited in 1720. He had more than the usual mercantile education, matriculating at the ...

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Burel, John (1565x8–1603), merchant and poet, was the son of Edinburgh's wealthiest flesher, Harry Burel (d. 1587), and his second wife, Isobel Abernethie (d. 1616), who were married in January 1565. Nothing is known of Burel's schooling, but he was a good Latinist. About 1592 he married ...

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See Cadell family

Article

T. F. Henderson

revised by D. W. Hayton

Campbell, Daniel (1671/2–1753), merchant and politician, was the third son of the covenanter captain Walter Campbell of Skipness. After being apprenticed to a Glasgow merchant, he sailed to New England in 1692 as part owner of a cargo, and spent the next two years trading on the ...

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Cargill, David Sime (1826–1904), merchant and oil industrialist, was born at Maryton, near Montrose, on 9 April 1826, the fourth and youngest son of the nine children of James Cargill, farmer, and his wife, Helen Thomson. After a brief exposure to office life in ...

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Cargill, Sir John Traill, first baronet (1867–1954), merchant and oil industrialist, was born in Glasgow on 10 January 1867, the second of three sons (there were also two daughters) of David Sime Cargill (1826–1904) and his first wife, Margaret Traill (1840–1872). After attending ...

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Coutts, John (1699–1750), merchant and banker, was born on 28 July 1699, probably in Edinburgh, the son of Patrick Coutts of Edinburgh and his wife, Jean, née Dunlop. His father's family had long been settled in Montrose, where his grandfather John was provost in 1677. His mother came from the ...

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Cunningham, Sir Hugh (1642/3–1710), local politician and merchant, was apparently a descendant of one of the Ayrshire Cunninghams. However, since there are no references to his birth, and because contemporary sources and his coat of arms as recorded in the Lyon court allude to both the ...

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David Dale (1739–1806) by John Henning, 1803 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Dale, David (1739–1806), merchant and cottonmaster, was born on 6 January 1739 at Stewarton, Ayrshire, the son of William Dale (1708–1796), a grocer and general dealer, and his second wife, Martha Dunlop (1719–1796). Dale was a local herdboy, and then in the 1750s an apprentice weaver in ...

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Dick, James (bap. 1743, d. 1828), merchant and benefactor, was baptized on 6 February 1743 at Forres, Moray, the son of Alexander Dick (d. 1783), shoemaker and town councillor, and his wife, Elizabeth. The house they occupied in Forres High Street still bears their initials on the lintel. As a boy ...

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Dick, Sir William, of Braid (d. 1655), merchant and financier, was the only son of John Dick, proprietor in Orkney and an Edinburgh town councillor in 1592–3. Nothing is known of his early life. On 15 June 1603 he married Elizabeth, sister of the wealthy ...

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Drummond, George (1687–1766), accountant-general of excise in Scotland and local politician, was born on 27 June 1687, probably at Edinburgh, although in some accounts his place of birth is given as Newton Castle in Perthshire, where his father had business and family connections. He was one of at least three children of the factor and merchant ...

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George Drummond (1687–1766) by Sir George Chalmers, 1764 Scottish National Portrait Gallery

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Duncan, William Augustine (1811–1885), newspaper editor and customs official in Australia, was born on 12 March 1811 at Bluefield, Towie, Aberdeenshire, the son of Peter Duncan and his wife, Mary, née Macdougal. He was educated with a view to being ordained in the ...

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Edington, Thomas (1742–1811), ironmaster and merchant, about whose early life little is known, joined the Carron Company about March 1764 as a travelling salesman. Apart from selling Carron's products, Edington served as the eyes and ears of the company in other iron-working districts. ...

Article

H. M. Stephens

revised by Katherine Prior

Eliott, Sir Daniel (1798–1872), East India Company servant, was born on 3 March 1798 in the parish of Cavers, Roxburghshire, the fourth son of Sir William Eliott of Stobs, sixth baronet (d. 1812), Roxburghshire, and his wife, Mary (d. 1850), daughter of ...

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Fockart, Janet (d. 1596), merchant and moneylender, was probably descended from the Fockarts found as Edinburgh burgesses from the fifteenth century, who may themselves have been descended from the Fockarts of Lesmahagow parish, Lanarkshire. Having outlived three husbands, Janet became a well-known figure in the merchant community of late sixteenth-century ...