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Agnew, Patrick Alexander Vans (1822–1848), East India Company servant, was born at Raipur in Chhattisgarh in central India on 21 April 1822, the second son of Patrick Vans Agnew (1783–1842), lieutenant-colonel in the Madras army and afterwards a director of the East India Company...

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Anderson, David (1751–1825), East India Company servant, was born in Edinburgh on 10 February 1751, the second of the eight children of David Anderson (1707–1786), writer to the signet, and his wife, Mary (d. 1781), daughter of John Mitchelson of Middleton, Edinburghshire...

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Anderson, Sir George William (1791–1857), East India Company servant and colonial governor, was born in London, the son of Robert Anderson, a London merchant. He was educated at the East India College, Haileybury, and joined the Bombay establishment of the East India Company...

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Argall, Sir Samuel (bap. 1580, d. 1626), colonial governor and merchant, was baptized on 4 December 1580 at Holy Trinity, East Peckham, Kent, the fourth son of Richard Argall (c.1533–1588), politician, and his third wife, Mary Scott (d. 1598). Under his father's will ...

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Astell [formerly Thornton], William (1774–1847), director of the East India Company, was born on 13 October 1774, the second son of Godfrey Thornton of Mogerhanger and Everton, a director of the Bank of England, and his wife, Jane, daughter of Stephen Peter Godin...

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Atkinson, Richard (1739–1785), merchant and director of the East India Company, was born in Westmorland on 10 March 1739 and baptized on 5 April at St James's Church, Temple Sowerby, Westmorland. He was the third son of Matthew Atkinson of Temple Sowerby and his wife, ...

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Richard Barwell (1741–1804) by Sir Joshua Reynolds, 1780–81 [with his son Richard Barwell] unknown collection / Christie's; photograph National Portrait Gallery, London

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Barwell, Richard (1741–1804), East India Company servant, was born in Calcutta on 8 October 1741, the second of the four sons of William Barwell (1705–1769), governor of Fort William, Bengal (1748–9), afterwards a director of the East India Company, and his third wife, ...

Article

P. B. Austin

revised by Nuala Zahedieh

Beeston, Sir William (1636–1702), merchant and colonial governor, was born on 19 November 1636 at Posbrook, Titchfield, Hampshire, the second son of William Beeston of Posbrook and Elizabeth, daughter of Arthur Bromfield. His elder brother, Henry, was master of Winchester School and warden of ...

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Jonathan Belcher (1682–1757) by John Faber junior, 1734 (after Richard Philips) Ashmolean Museum, Oxford

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Belcher, Jonathan (1682–1757), merchant and colonial governor, was born on 8 January 1682 in Cambridge, Massachusetts, the fifth of seven children of Andrew Belcher (1648–1717), merchant and politician, and his wife, Sarah (1651–1689), the daughter of Jonathan Gilbert, Connecticut merchant and politician.

Following his father's example ...

Article

A. J. Arbuthnot

revised by David J. Howlett

Bird, Robert Merttins (1788–1853), East India Company servant, was born in London on 1 September 1788, the son of Robert Bird of Taplow, Buckinghamshire and his wife Lucy née Bird, a cousin of William Wilberforce. He arrived in Bengal in 1808 as a writer and began his career as an assistant to the registrar of the ...

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Call, Sir John, first baronet (1732–1801), East India Company servant and military engineer, was born on 30 June 1732 at Fenny Park, near Tiverton, Devon, the son of John Call (1704–1766) of Prestacott in Launcells, Cornwall, and his wife, Jane, daughter of John Mill...

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Chapman, Charles (1752–1809), East India Company servant and emissary to Vietnam, was born on 23 November 1752, son of Charles Chapman (d. c.1796), army officer. After the obligatory attendance at a commercial academy, in his case at Hoxton, Chapman was appointed a writer in the ...

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Claiborne, William (bap. 1600, d. 1677), public official and merchant in America, was baptized on 10 August 1600 at Crayford in Kent, the second son of Thomas Claiborne, merchant and formerly mayor of King's Lynn, and Sarah James, the widow of a London...

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Coddington, William (1601?–1678), merchant and official in America, was born in Lincolnshire and may have been the son of Robert Coddington (d. 1615) of Marston, Lincolnshire. At the tender age of twenty-nine, while still in England, he was elected an assistant or magistrate of ...

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Connock, Edward (d. 1617), merchant and East India Company servant, is of unknown parentage. He had experience of Levantine trade and politics as secretary to the ambassador in Constantinople. The East India Company was considering expansion into Persia, having gained a foothold at ...

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Cust, Robert Needham (1821–1909), East India Company servant and orientalist, was born at Cockayne Hatley, Bedfordshire, on 24 February 1821, the second son of Henry Cockayne Cust (1780–1861), canon of Windsor, and his wife, Lady Anna Maria Elizabeth (d. 1866), eldest daughter of ...

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Davis, Samuel (1760–1819), East India Company servant and orientalist, was born in the West Indies, the younger son of John Davis, who held the post there of commissary-general, and his Welsh wife (née Phillips). He went to England with his mother and two sisters after the death of his father. Despite the evident poverty of the family, ...

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Richard Garnett

revised by Ainslie T. Embree

Dorin, Joseph Alexander (1802–1872), East India Company servant, born at Edmonton, Middlesex, on 15 September 1802, was the son of Joseph Dorin, merchant, and his wife, Charlotte. He was educated at Henley School, and obtained a nomination to the Bengal branch of the ...