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Bacon, Anthony (bap. 1717, d. 1786), merchant and ironmaster, the son of William Bacon and his wife, Elizabeth Richardson, was baptized at St Bees, Cumberland, on 24 January 1717. His father and grandfather Thomas were ships' captains in the coal trade between Whitehaven...

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Champion family (per. c. 1670–1794), metal manufacturers and merchants, came to prominence with Nehemiah [ii] Champion (1649–1722), son of Nehemiah [i] Champion (b. 1614). As a merchant dealing countrywide in iron goods, and a Quaker from about 1670, Nehemiah [ii]...

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Richard Crawshay (1739–1810) by unknown artist, c. 1800 © National Museums and Galleries of Wales

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Crawshay, Richard (1739–1810), ironmaster and merchant, was born in Normanton, Yorkshire, the first child of William Crawshay (1713–1766), a farmer, and his wife, Elizabeth (1714–1774), née Nicholson. He had three sisters. According to family tradition a bitter quarrel with his father led to the sixteen-year-old ...

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Crawshay, William (1764–1834), ironmaster and merchant, was the only son, in a family of one son and three daughters, of the ironmaster Richard Crawshay (1739–1810) and his wife, Mary Bourne (1745–1811). Little is known of Crawshay's early life and education, only that he joined his father's business as a young man. It was the beginning of a tempestuous career. Like his father, ...

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Deorman (fl. 1119–1141), moneyer and merchant, was a member of the first London family of moneyers for whom biographical details can be assembled, and his importance lies in what they reveal about the prominent but largely unknown class of men responsible for organizing and running the Anglo-Saxon and Anglo-Norman ...

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Edington, Thomas (1742–1811), ironmaster and merchant, about whose early life little is known, joined the Carron Company about March 1764 as a travelling salesman. Apart from selling Carron's products, Edington served as the eyes and ears of the company in other iron-working districts. ...

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Harford, James (1734–1817), iron and tin plate manufacturer and merchant, was the son of Truman Harford (1704–1750), merchant and manufacturer, and Mary Taylor of Baldock, Hertfordshire, and grandson of Charles Harford (1662–1725), a merchant, of Bristol [see Harford family]. He developed a powerful network of tin plate- and iron-making interests and was the foremost among many ...

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Article

See Spencer family