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Aldersey, William (1543–1616), merchant and antiquary, was baptized at St Oswald's, Chester, on 15 December 1543, the son of Ralph Aldersey (d. 1555) and Jane Goodman (d. c.1555). He followed in his father's footsteps as a successful merchant ironmonger. He married ...

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Arnold, Richard (d. c. 1521), merchant and chronicler, was a citizen of London, resident in the parish of St Magnus the Martyr, who seems to have made his living primarily by trading with Flanders. Nothing is known of his parentage. In 1473 he was an executor of the will of ...

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Barnham, Benedict (bap. 1559, d. 1598), merchant and benefactor, was baptized on 2 June 1559 at St Mildred Poultry, London, the fourth and youngest son of Alice Barnham, silkwoman and benefactor, and her husband, Francis Barnham [see under Barnham, Alice], draper and local politician. From 1559 the family lived at ...

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Billingsley, Sir Henry (d. 1606), merchant and translator, was the third son of William Billingsley (d. 1553), haberdasher, and his wife, Elizabeth Hardy (or Harlow). The Roger Billingsley named by Wood as his father was in fact his grandfather. He matriculated pensioner at ...

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Boevey, James (1622–1696), merchant and philosopher, was born at 6 a.m. on 7 May 1622 at Mincing Lane, in the parish of St Dunstan-in-the-East, London, the first of two children of Andreas Boevey (1566?–1625), financier and elder of the Dutch church at Austin Friars...

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Bowrey, Thomas (d. 1713), merchant and compiler of the first Malay–English dictionary, is of obscure origins. It may be that he was the son of one Thomas Bowrey of Wapping, Middlesex, mariner, and he was certainly kin to some of the Wapping Bowreys...

Article

Thompson Cooper

revised by D. G. C. Allan

Brander, Gustavus (1719/20–1787), merchant and antiquary, was born in either London or Sweden, and was the son of Charles Brander (1681–1745) and his wife, Margaret (1687–1757). The family was of Swedish descent. Gustavus was trained in the Scandinavian trade, which he carried on with great success in the ...

Image

Thomas Britton (1644–1714) by John Wollaston, 1703 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Britton, Thomas (1644–1714), concert promoter, book collector, and coal merchant, was born on 14 January 1644 at Rushden near Higham Ferrers, Northamptonshire. He migrated to London where he apprenticed himself to a ‘small-coal’ (slack-coal, or charcoal) merchant near St John the Baptist's Street...

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See Crowne, John

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Cust, Robert Needham (1821–1909), East India Company servant and orientalist, was born at Cockayne Hatley, Bedfordshire, on 24 February 1821, the second son of Henry Cockayne Cust (1780–1861), canon of Windsor, and his wife, Lady Anna Maria Elizabeth (d. 1866), eldest daughter of ...

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Dauntsey, William (c. 1480–1543), merchant and benefactor, was the fourth and youngest known son of John Dauntsey, esquire, of West Lavington, Wiltshire, where his family could trace its ancestry back to the mid-twelfth century, and his wife, Margery. He is to be distinguished from a contemporary namesake (...

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Davis, Samuel (1760–1819), East India Company servant and orientalist, was born in the West Indies, the younger son of John Davis, who held the post there of commissary-general, and his Welsh wife (née Phillips). He went to England with his mother and two sisters after the death of his father. Despite the evident poverty of the family, ...

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Dick, James (bap. 1743, d. 1828), merchant and benefactor, was baptized on 6 February 1743 at Forres, Moray, the son of Alexander Dick (d. 1783), shoemaker and town councillor, and his wife, Elizabeth. The house they occupied in Forres High Street still bears their initials on the lintel. As a boy ...

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Dowe, Robert (c. 1523–1612), merchant and benefactor, was the second son of Henry Dove of Stradbroke, Suffolk, and Alice Nowell. He was apprenticed to Nicholas Wilford, a prominent member of the Merchant Taylors' Company of London, of which he became free in 1550. It was probably soon after this that he married ...

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Gordon Goodwin

revised by Philip Carter

Eagles, Thomas (bap. 1746, d. 1812), classical scholar and merchant, was baptized in the parish of Temple Holy Cross, Bristol, on 28 April 1746. He was descended on his father's side from a family which had resided in Temple parish for nearly two centuries; his mother ...

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A. J. Arbuthnot

revised by Robert Eric Frykenberg

Elliot, Sir Walter (1803–1887), East India Company servant and archaeologist, was born on 16 January 1803, the second but eldest surviving of the eight sons and three daughters of James Elliot (1772–1855) of Wolfelee, Roxburghshire, and his wife, Caroline (1777–1824), youngest daughter of ...

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Ellis, Thomas (d. 1562), merchant and benefactor, appears to have been a Yorkshireman by birth. His origins were assiduously investigated by several nineteenth-century genealogists, but with limited success, and the most that can be said is that the arms granted him in 1549 suggest kinship with the ...

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Fleete, Henry (c. 1602–1660/61), merchant and interpreter in America, was born at his family's estate of Chartham Court, Kent, the sixth child and fourth son of William Fleete (b. c.1571), lawyer and gentleman, and his wife, Deborah (d. 1651), daughter of ...

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Forster, Edward, the elder (1730–1812), merchant and antiquary, was born on 11 February 1730 in London, eldest of the four sons of Thomas Forster (1698–1743), merchant, and his wife, Dorothy (1710–1763), daughter of Benjohan (Benjamin) Furly, a Rotterdam merchant of Colchester Quaker forebears. ...