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Abel, John (1578/9–1675), master carpenter, was probably born and lived at Sarnesfield, Herefordshire. A Catholic recusant, he was brought before a church court in 1618 for contracting a secret marriage with his wife, Johanna. She was still alive in 1640, when she appeared in a list of recusants with her husband. Few other facts are known about ...

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Atkinson, Thomas (bap. 1729, d. 1798), architect and mason, was baptized on 22 June 1729 at Holy Trinity Church, King's Court, York, the son of Thomas Atkinson (d. 1765), a mason, and his wife, Jane Marshall. He worked with his father on ...

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Aldo Berni (1909–1997) by unknown photographer Bristol Evening Post

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Berni, Aldo (1909–1997), restaurateur, was born on 14 March 1909 in Bardi in northern Italy, the youngest of three sons of Louis Berni, the owner of the Louis Café in Ebbw Vale, Monmouthshire, which served meals consisting of soup, a joint, and two vegetables. ...

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Bertorelli, Joe [Giuseppe Domenico] (1893–1994), restaurateur, was born on 10 June 1893 at Bergazzi di Bardi, Piacenza, Liguria, Italy, the youngest of the four sons of Lazzaro and Marianna Bertorelli. By the time of his birth his father and three elder brothers were already living and working in ...

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Henry James Boland (1887–1922) by unknown photographer, 1919 Getty Images

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Boland, Henry James [Harry] (1887–1922), tailor's cutter and Irish revolutionary, was born on 27 April 1887 at 6 Dalymount Terrace, Phibsborough Road, north Dublin, the third of five children of James Henry Boland (1856–1895), paving overseer for the Dublin corporation, and Catherine (...

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(Xavier) Marcel Boulestin (1878–1943) by Marcel Gromaire, 1925 © ADAGP, Paris and DACS, London 2016

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Boulestin, (Xavier) Marcel (1878–1943), restaurateur and writer on cookery, was born at Poitiers, France, where his mother, the daughter of a former lycée teacher, shared the house of his widowed maternal grandmother. Boulestin grew up and attended school in Poitiers, developing strong interests in music and the theatre. He visited his father, who maintained a largely separate existence, only for a month each summer, at the property that he owned at ...

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Bowman, Alexander [formerly Patrick McKeown] (1854–1924), trade unionist and politician, was born on 16 March 1854, and baptized as a Roman Catholic, with the name Patrick McKeown. His father, William McKeown, or McKeon (1827–1865), was a Catholic farmer of Derry townland, Dromara, co. Down...

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Bracken, Henry (bap. 1697, d. 1764), writer on farriery and surgeon, was baptized on 31 October 1697 at St Mary, Lancaster, the son of Henry Bracken, a local innkeeper who held a number of minor offices with the Lancaster corporation. After a grammar-school education at ...

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Bradshaigh, Sir Roger, first baronet (1628–1684), politician and colliery owner, was born at Haigh Hall, Haigh near Wigan in Lancashire, on 13 January 1628, the eldest surviving son of James Bradshaigh (1598–1631) of Haigh and his wife, Ann, fourth daughter of Sir William Norris...

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Brand, James (1831–1909), public works contractor, was born on 20 September 1831 in Montrose, Forfarshire, the son of Charles Brand (d. 1885), mason and contractor, from a Kincardine family, and his wife, Margaret Falconer. He had at least one brother. After leaving school in ...

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Brooke [Brook], Sir Basil (1576–1646), iron-founder and royalist conspirator, was probably born at Madeley in Shropshire, the eldest son of John Brooke and his wife, Anne, daughter of Francis Shirley of Staunton Harold, Leicestershire. He married Etheldreda Brudenell, daughter of Sir Edmund Brudenell...

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C. T. Martin

revised by Basil Morgan

Buonvisi, Antonio [Anthony] (1487–1558), merchant and banker, was born in Lucca, Italy, on 26 December 1487, the younger son of Benedetto Buonvisi (d. 1516) and Filippa Cenami. He belonged to an ancient family which was descended from a councillor of the emperor ...

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Calder, Sir James Charles (1869–1962), distiller, was born on 28 December 1869 in Alloa, Scotland, the younger son of James Calder, a timber merchant and brewer, and his wife, Cecilia, née Mackenzie, the daughter of an Edinburgh market gardener. Calder was educated at ...

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Carroll, Charles [known as Charles Carroll of Annapolis] (1702–1782), planter and ironmaster in America, was born on 2 April 1702, in Annapolis, Maryland, the second surviving son of Charles Carroll the Settler (1661–1720), proprietary agent, merchant, planter, moneylender, and lawyer, and Mary, ...

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William John Carron, Baron Carron (1902–1969) by Walter Bird, 1963 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Carron, William John, Baron Carron (1902–1969), trade unionist, was born on 19 November 1902 at 63 Williamson Street, Hull, the younger of two sons of John Carron and his wife, Frances Ann Richardson. His father, a corporation clerk who later became a carting contractor, was Irish and his mother came from ...

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Carvajal, Antonio Fernandez (d. 1659), merchant, was probably born in Portugal, for in his youth he seems to have lived in Fundão. He may have fled to Spain at some time, and apparently owned land in the Canary Islands. By the early 1630s he was in ...