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Boevey, James (1622–1696), merchant and philosopher, was born at 6 a.m. on 7 May 1622 at Mincing Lane, in the parish of St Dunstan-in-the-East, London, the first of two children of Andreas Boevey (1566?–1625), financier and elder of the Dutch church at Austin Friars...

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Carré, Jean [John Carre] (d. 1572), entrepreneur and glass manufacturer, was born in Arras, Artois, the son of Antoine Carré and Dunigell Michell Prevost, probably before 1520. It is likely that he passed at least part of his early working life in the town since his daughter ...

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Chardin, Sir John [Jean] (1643–1712), traveller and merchant, was born in Paris on 16 November 1643 and baptized on 24 November at the protestant temple at Charenton, near Paris, the eldest son of Daniel Chardin, a merchant-jeweller in the place Dauphiné in Paris...

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Courten, Sir William (c. 1568–1636), merchant and financier, was born in London, the son of William Courten, a merchant, and his wife, Margaret Casiere. His parents were religious refugees who fled from Leye in Flanders during 1568. His father set up a textile business in ...

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Charles G. D. Littleton

Delaune, Gideon (1564/5–1659), apothecary, was born in Nîmes, France, the eldest of the ten children of William Delaune (c. 1530–1611), physician and Reformed protestant minister, and Katherine des Loges (d. 1607). Paul Delaune was a younger brother. The family moved to England...

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See Dollond family

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Grueber, Francis (1658?–1730), gunpowder and leather manufacturer and merchant, was born in Lyons, France, probably in December 1658, the eldest of the three sons and three daughters of Daniel Grueber (d. 1692) and his wife, Susanne (née Monginot). The Huguenot family arrived in ...

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Hoste, Dirick (c. 1588–1663), merchant and financier, was born in Middelburg, Netherlands, the son of Jacques Hoste (b. 1545), a merchant, and his wife, Barbara Henricksen. His father and grandfather had fled Oudenarde in Flanders for religious reasons in the wake of the ‘Wonderyear’ of 1566—the failed protestant insurrection in the ...

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See Houblon, Sir John

Image

Sir John Houblon (1632–1712) by R. Williams (after John Closterman, 1695–6) © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Houblon, Sir John (1632–1712), merchant, was born on 13 March 1632, the third son in the family of ten sons and three daughters of James Houblon (1592–1682), merchant, and his wife Marie du Quesne (or Ducane). He became more eminent than any of his nine brothers, four of whom were also prosperous merchants and two of whom served on the directorate of the ...

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Juta, Jan Carel (1824–1886), bookseller, was born at Zaltbommel, Netherlands, on 23 March 1824. He studied law before entering the book trade in Holland. He emigrated to the Cape on the suggestion of his brother, a Dutch sea-captain whose ship had been wrecked in ...

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Maker: William Faithorne the elder

In 

John La Motte (1577–1655) by William Faithorne the elder, pubd 1656 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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La Motte, John (1577–1655), merchant, was born in Colchester on 1 May 1577, the son of Francis La Motte, a weaver and cloth merchant who had fled to the town in 1564 from Ypres in Flanders. Presumably he was apprenticed in his father's craft. By the second decade of the seventeenth century, during which he moved to ...

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Laet, Johannes De [Johannes Latius] (1581–1649), merchant and scholar, was born in Antwerp in the autumn of 1581, the son of Johannes De Laet (d. c.1605), merchant; his mother's name is unknown. After the fall of Antwerp in 1585, the family, like thousands of Flemish protestants, fled to the ...

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Leisler, Jacob (bap. 1640, d. 1691), merchant and rebel leader in America, was baptized on 31 March 1640 in Frankfurt am Main, Germany, the first of eight children of the Revd Jacob Victorian Leisler (1606–1653), and his wife, Susanne Adelheid, née Wissenbach (1612–1694)...

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Livingston, Philip (1716–1778), merchant and politician in America, was born on 15 January 1716 in Albany, Albany county, New York, the fourth of nine children of Philip Livingston (1686–1749), merchant and proprietor of Livingston Manor, and his wife, Catrina, née Van Brugh (1689–1756)...

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Lulls, Arnold [formerly Arnout] (fl. 1584–1642), merchant and jeweller, was born in Antwerp, Spanish Netherlands. Members of the Lulls family had lived in England since the 1550s, but Arnold himself arrived some time between 1580 and 1584, when he became a member of the Dutch church, ...

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Malynes [Malines, de Malines], Gerard [Garrett, Gerald] (fl. 1585–1641), merchant and writer on economics, was the son of a 'mint-master' (Malynes, 281). He claimed that Lancashire was the 'countrey' of his 'ancestors and parents', but he was actually born in ...

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Mierdman, Steven [pseud. Niclaes van Oldenborch] (c. 1510x12–1559), printer and bookseller, was born in Hooge Mierde in North Brabant, in the Netherlands, the youngest son of Aert Aertszoon Mierdmans (Nuyts), yeoman farmer. In 1539 he sold his inheritance to his eldest brother, in presumably the same year that he went to ...