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Article

Appleby [née Walley], (Florence) Lucy (1920–2008), cheese-maker, was born on 1 February 1920 at Lighteach Farm, Whitchurch, Shropshire, one of eight children of Alfred Edward Walley (1886–1954), a farmer and Baptist minister, and his wife, Sarah, née Pierpoint (1891–1964). She was educated at the high school at ...

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(Florence) Lucy Appleby (1920–2008) by unknown photographer, 1960s by kind permission of the Appleby family

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Bainbridge, Emerson Muschamp (1845–1911), mining engineer and colliery owner, was born on 23 December 1845 in Portland Place, Newcastle upon Tyne, the third son and fourth child in the family of fifteen children (ten of whom survived childhood) of Emerson Muschamp Bainbridge (1817–1892)...

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Bedford, John (1903–1980), department store manager, was born on 16 January 1903 at 26 Court 6 New John Street, west Birmingham, the only son of John Bedford and his wife, Rosalind Nicholls. His father was a journeyman brass-caster who established his own small brass foundry, money from which was to be used to enable his son to enter the legal profession. Unfortunately, the business failed and his son was required to start work. He did so in a ...

Article

Bennett, Peter Frederick Blaker, Baron Bennett (1880–1957), industrialist, was born on 16 April 1880 at Dartford, Kent, the eldest son of Frederick Charles Bennett, a carpenter, and his wife, Annie Eliza Blaker. When Bennett was twelve the family moved to Birmingham, where he was educated at ...

Article

Bibby, Joseph (1851–1940), animal feed and soap manufacturer, was born on 12 January 1851 at Conder Mill, Vale of Conder, Lancashire, the second of the three sons of James Bibby, farmer and miller, and his wife, Amelia Barnett. He attended an elementary school until 1861 and the ...

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Jesse Boot, first Baron Trent (1850–1931) by unknown artist © reserved / The Boots Company plc

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Boot, Jesse, first Baron Trent (1850–1931), retail and manufacturing chemist, was born in Nottingham on 2 June 1850, the only son of John Boot (1815–1860), a medical herbalist newly arrived from the country, and his second wife, Mary, daughter of Benjamin Wills of ...

Article

Boulsover, Thomas (1705–1788), cutler, was born in Ecclesfield, in the West Riding of Yorkshire, and baptized in the parish church on 18 October 1705, the fifth of the nine children of Samuel Bolsover (1670–1721), farmer and cutler, and Margaret (1673–1716), daughter of George...

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Bramley, Fred (1874–1925), trade unionist, was born on 27 September 1874 in the small community of Pool, near Otley, in the West Riding of Yorkshire, the second of six children (four sons and two daughters) of Alfred Bramley, a journeyman engineer and travelling local preacher, and his wife, ...

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Henry Broadhurst (1840–1911) by Olive Edis © National Portrait Gallery, London

Article

J. R. MacDonald

revised by Marc Brodie

Broadhurst, Henry (1840–1911), trade unionist and politician, was born at Littlemore, Oxfordshire, on 23 April 1840, the fourth son and youngest of the twelve children of Thomas Broadhurst (1799/1800–1866), stonemason, and his wife, Sarah, née Jessop (1799/1800–1880). He was educated at a village school near ...

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William John Brown (1894–1960) by Howard Coster, 1934 © National Portrait Gallery, London

Article

Brown, William John (1894–1960), trade unionist and politician, was born on 13 September 1894 in Battersea, London, the second son of Joseph Morris Brown, a plumber, and his wife, Rosina (Rose) Spicer. He attended the Salmestone elementary school, Margate, until the age of eleven, whereupon he won a scholarship to ...

Article

Carne, Joseph (1782–1858), geologist and industrialist, was born on 17 April 1782 at Penzance, Cornwall, the eldest son of William Carne (1754–1836), a banker and a partner in the Angarrack tin smelting works near Hayle. A Methodist throughout his life, Carne was educated at the ...

Article

W. E. A. Axon

revised by Sarah Couper

Castillo, John (1792–1845), stonemason, poet, and preacher, was born at Rathfarnham, near Dublin. When he was two or three years old his parents, who were Roman Catholics, emigrated to England, and on the voyage were shipwrecked off the Isle of Man. They settled in the hamlet of ...

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Clater, Francis (bap. 1754?, d. 1823), farrier and veterinary writer, may have been the son of John and Mary Claytor who was baptized at St Peter's, Nottingham, on 14 April 1754. He described himself in the preface to his first work as 'having served a regular apprenticeship and nearly one year a journeyman to the late ...

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Cutler, Ann (1759–1794), hand-loom weaver and Methodist evangelist, was born in Thornley, near Longridge, in the parish of Chipping, Lancashire; nothing is known of her parents. After living a strict, moral life she was converted in 1785 by the revivalist Wesleyan William Bramwell...

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Dearing, Ronald Ernest [Ron], Baron Dearing (1930–2009), civil servant, industrialist, and public servant, was born on 27 July 1930 at 19 Albert Avenue, Hull, the elder son of Ernest Henry Ashford Dearing (1898–1941), a shipping clerk at Hull Docks, and his wife, Mildred Turner, ...

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Edwards, Sir Ronald Stanley (1910–1976), economist, was born on 1 May 1910 in New Southgate, London, the second of three sons (the eldest having died in childhood) of Charles Edwards, a gas fitter, and his wife, Alice Osborne. He was educated at Garfield Road primary school, Southgate...