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Sir John Aird, first baronet (1833–1911) by Sir Benjamin Stone, 1897 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Aird, Sir John, first baronet (1833–1911), civil engineering contractor, was born on 3 December 1833 in Greenwich, the second son of eight children of John Aird (1800–1876), contractor, and Agnes (d. 1869), daughter of Charles Bennett of Lambeth. His grandfather Robert Aird...

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Appold, John George (1800–1865), fur dyer and engineer, was born on 14 April 1800 at 23 Wilson Street, Finsbury Square, London, the third of seven children of Christian Appold, (1758/9–1834), fur dyer, and his first wife Hannah née Titford (1771/2–1810...

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Austin, Henry (1811/12–1861), civil engineer and sanitarian, was the son of William Austin, medical practitioner, of Bloomsbury Square, London. Two sisters and at least one brother survived to adulthood. Austin was a pupil of Robert Stephenson, with whom he worked on the London and Birmingham and London and Blackwall railways...

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See Aveling, Thomas

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Aveling, Thomas (1824–1882), engineer and manufacturer of steamrollers, was born at Elm, near Wisbech, on 11 September 1824, the eldest of three sons. He came from an old-established Cambridgeshire family, but he moved to Rochester in Kent as a boy, when his widowed mother remarried. About 1836 he was apprenticed to a farmer, ...

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Bailey, Sir George Edwin (1879–1965), electrical engineer and industrialist, was born in Loughborough on 19 October 1879, the tenth child of Thomas W. Bailey, master tailor, and his second wife, Ann Wilmot. He was educated at Loughborough grammar school, and entered the works of the ...

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Bainbridge, Emerson Muschamp (1845–1911), mining engineer and colliery owner, was born on 23 December 1845 in Portland Place, Newcastle upon Tyne, the third son and fourth child in the family of fifteen children (ten of whom survived childhood) of Emerson Muschamp Bainbridge (1817–1892)...

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Baird, Charles (1766–1843), engineer and manufacturer of steam-driven machinery, was born on 20 December 1766 at Westertown, near Carron, Stirlingshire, one of the ten children of Nicol Baird, superintendent of the Firth and Clyde Canal, and his wife, Christian. In 1782 he was apprenticed to the ...

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Bald, Robert (1776–1861), mining engineer, was born at Culross, Perthshire, one of two sons of Alexander Bald (d. 1823) and his wife, Jane Christie. Alexander Bald (1783–1859) was his younger brother. The father was then colliery manager for the earl of Dundonald...

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Beale, Sir Samuel Richard (1881–1964), engineer and industrialist, was born in Birmingham on 7 February 1881, one of two sons of James Samuel Beale (1840–1912) [see under Beale family], solicitor and company director, and his wife, Margaret Field. He was educated at ...

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Ronald Lindsay Prain

revised by Anita McConnell

Beatty, Sir (Alfred) Chester (1875–1968), mining engineer and art collector, was born on 7 February 1875 in New York city, the youngest of the three sons of John Cuming Beatty, banker, of New York city, and his wife, Hetty, daughter of William Gedney Bull...

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Beaver, Sir Hugh Eyre Campbell (1890–1967), brewer and civil engineer, was born in Johannesburg on 4 May 1890, the eldest of three sons of Hugh Edward Campbell Beaver, landowner of Montgomeryshire, and his wife, Cerise, daughter of John Eyre, who was of Anglo-Irish extraction. ...

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Belling, Charles Reginald (1884–1965), electrical engineer and manufacturer, was born on 11 May 1884 at Fore Street, Bodmin, Cornwall, the son of Samuel Thomas Belling, a dentist, and his wife, Maria, née Harry. Charles Belling, known to all as C. R. B., was educated at ...

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Bragge, William (1823–1884), civil engineer and steel manufacturer, was born at Birmingham on 31 May 1823, the third son of Thomas Perry Bragge, a manufacturing jeweller. After some years of general tuition, Bragge studied practical engineering with two Birmingham firms, and in his leisure applied himself closely to the study of mechanics and mathematics. In 1845 he entered the office of a civil engineer, and soon after engaged in railway surveying. He acted first as assistant engineer and then as engineer-in-chief of part of the line from ...

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Bramah [Bramma], Joseph (1749–1814), engineer and inventor of locks, was born on 2 April 1749 at Stainborough Lane Farm, near Barnsley, Yorkshire; he was the second son in the family of three sons and two daughters of Joseph Bramma (1713–1800), a farmer, and his wife, ...

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Brassey, Thomas (1805–1870), civil engineering contractor, was born on 7 November 1805 at Buerton, near Audlem, Cheshire, the son of John Brassey, landowner, and his wife, Elizabeth. He had two brothers and one sister. Brassey attended Mr Harting's school in Chester and then, at the age of sixteen, was apprenticed to a land surveyor and agent named ...

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Thomas Brassey (1805–1870) by George Zobel (after Frederick Newenham, in or before 1850) courtesy of the Institution of Civil Engineers Archives

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Ernest Clarke

revised by Robert Brown

Brough, Bennett Hooper (1860–1908), mining engineer, born at Clapham on 20 September 1860, was the elder son of John Cargill Brough (1834–1872), FCS, librarian of the London Institution in Finsbury Circus, and his wife, Mary Elizabeth, née Kidd (d. 1867). He was the nephew of ...

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Brown, James (1921–1993), petroleum engineer, was born on 13 March 1921 at 151 Cartvale Road, Glasgow, the son of William Brown, engineer's toolmaker, and his wife, Margaret-Ann, formerly Cameron. Brown was educated at Queen's Park secondary school, Glasgow, then became a tax officer, an experience which stood him in good stead when he joined ...