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Bellers, John (1654–1725), political economist and cloth merchant, was probably born in Philpot Lane, near Gracechurch Street, London, the eldest of three children of Francis Bellers (1616–1679), merchant and Quaker, and his wife, Mary Read. His father was from Alcester, Warwickshire, and, besides accumulating substantial wealth as a merchant and trader after his migration to ...

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Bethel, Slingsby (bap. 1617, d. 1697), merchant and political economist, was baptized in Alne, in the North Riding of Yorkshire, on 27 February 1617, a younger son of Sir Walter Bethel (d. 1622), gentleman, and Mary Slingsby (1582–1662), daughter of Sir Henry Slingsby...

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Slingsby Bethel (bap. 1617, d. 1697) by William Sherwin, 1680 © Copyright The British Museum

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Cazenove, John (1788–1879), merchant and political economist, was born in London on 12 May 1788. He was the third son of James Cazenove (1744–1827), a merchant of French Huguenot origin, who emigrated from Geneva and married (1781) Marie-Anne Sophie Houssemayne Du Boulay, daughter of the pastor of the French church in ...

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Sir Josiah Child, first baronet (bap. 1631, d. 1699) attrib. John Riley © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Child, Sir Josiah, first baronet (bap. 1631, d. 1699), economic writer and merchant, was baptized at St Bartholomew-by-the-Exchange, London, on 27 February 1631, the second son of Richard Child (buried 1638 at Hackney), a merchant of Fleet Street, and his wife, Elizabeth Roycroft...

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Decker, Sir Matthew, first baronet (1679–1749), political economist and merchant, was born in Amsterdam, the son of Derrick (Dirk) Decker, of Amsterdam, and his wife, Katherina. He received his commercial education under Burgomaster Velters of Amsterdam, but in 1702 travelled to London to establish himself as a merchant, and was naturalized in February 1704, at the second attempt. He then consolidated his business interests, and it was through trader and banker ...

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Edwards, Sir Ronald Stanley (1910–1976), economist, was born on 1 May 1910 in New Southgate, London, the second of three sons (the eldest having died in childhood) of Charles Edwards, a gas fitter, and his wife, Alice Osborne. He was educated at Garfield Road primary school, Southgate...

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Greg, Robert Hyde (1795–1875), cotton manufacturer and economist, born at 35 King Street, Manchester, on 24 September 1795, was son of Samuel Greg (1758–1834), founder of the Quarry Bank Mill, Styal, Cheshire, and brother of William Rathbone Greg and Samuel Greg [see under...

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King, Charles (fl. 1713–1721), merchant and writer on economics, was a significant contributor to the British Merchant, a periodical which appeared twice weekly during the hotly debated negotiations towards a commercial treaty with France following the close of the War of the Spanish Succession in summer 1713. The details of his background, family life, and later career are unknown, and nor is it known if he married or had children....

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Knox, John (1720–1790), bookseller and economic improver, was born in Scotland; details of his parents are unknown. About Knox's early life before he moved to London to become a successful bookseller in the Strand, or his domestic circumstances, almost nothing is known. His ...

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Malynes [Malines, de Malines], Gerard [Garrett, Gerald] (fl. 1585–1641), merchant and writer on economics, was the son of a 'mint-master' (Malynes, 281). He claimed that Lancashire was the 'countrey' of his 'ancestors and parents', but he was actually born in ...

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Massie, Joseph (d. 1784), writer on trade and economics, was of unknown origins. Likewise it is not known if he married or had children. Several of his early writings exhibit an in-depth familiarity and interested concern with the West Indian sugar trade which suggests that he was a merchant or factor in this branch of business for some years. In the 1750s he began to establish a reputation as a writer, statistician, and economic theorist. During the Seven Years' War and its aftermath he was particularly active as a pamphleteer in support of, and probably in the pay of, ...

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Misselden, Edward (fl. 1615–1654), merchant and writer on economics, whose parentage, date of birth, early years, and date of death are unknown, first comes to notice as an active member of the Merchant Adventurers' Company in 1615. In his published works he described himself as a merchant, born in ...

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Mongredien, Augustus (1807–1888), corn merchant and political economist, was born in London, the son of John Adrien Mongredien, a French officer who had fled to England after Bonaparte's coup d'état in 1798 and was later described as an 'agriculturalist'. Educated at the Roman Catholic school at ...

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Morris, Corbyn (1710–1779), customs administrator and economist, is a figure about whose origins and early life nothing is known. He was probably the son of Edmund Morris and his wife, Margaret, and baptized at Bishop's Castle, Shropshire, on 19 August 1710. He first attracted notice by the publication in 1741 of ...

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Mun, Thomas (bap. 1571, d. 1641), merchant and writer on economics, was baptized at St Andrew Hubbard, London, on 17 June 1571, the third son of John Mun (d. 1573), merchant of London and Hackney, and Margaret Barwick. Of Essex ancestry, John Mun...

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Sir Dudley North (1641–1691) by unknown artist, c. 1680 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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North, Sir Dudley (1641–1691), merchant and economist, was born in London (probably at the Charterhouse) on 16 May 1641. He was the fourth (third surviving) son of Dudley North, fourth Baron North (1602–1677), landowner, and his wife, Anne (1613/14–1681), second daughter of ...

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Pollexfen, John (1636–1715), merchant and political economist, was the second son of Andrew Pollexfen of Stancombe Dawney, in the parish of Sherford, Devon, and his wife, Joan, daughter of John Woollcombe of Yealmpton. His relations with his elder brother, Sir Henry Pollexfen, were not always smooth because of resentment that his brother had inherited the entire family estate. ...