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Acton, Sir John Francis Edward, sixth baronet (1736–1811), naval officer and administrator in the Neapolitan service, descended from the Actons of Aldenham Hall, Shropshire, was born in Besançon, Franche Comté, France, in 1736 (baptized 3 June). His father, Dr Edward Acton (1709–1775), had settled there and married a local girl, ...

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Sir John Francis Edward Acton, sixth baronet (1736–1811) by Peter Eduard Ströhling, c. 1793 © National Portrait Gallery, London

Article

Bourne, Nehemiah (1611–1691), naval officer and official, was born in Wapping, the eldest son of Robert Bourne (d. 1625), a prosperous shipwright, and his wife, Mary (d. 1630); John Bourne (bap. 1620, d. 1667) was his brother. Though his father had hoped he would be educated at ...

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Carteret, Sir George, first baronet (1610?–1680), naval officer and administrator, was the eldest son of Elie de Carteret (c.1585–1640), and his wife, Elizabeth Dumaresq (d. 1640). This cadet line of the Carterets had for generations held the manor of ...

Article

Cox, Sir John (d. 1672), naval officer and administrator, may have been the Captain John Cox of the Employment, hired by the state during the First Anglo-Dutch War in 1653. During the protectorate he gained considerable experience and an unblemished reputation as a ship's master. Upon the Restoration, and following his receipt of a certificate of loyalty, he was appointed master attendant at ...

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Sir Andrew Snape Hamond, first baronet (1738–1828) by George Henry Phillips, pubd 1830 (after Sir Thomas Lawrence, c. 1800–05) © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Hamond, Sir Andrew Snape, first baronet (1738–1828), naval officer and administrator, was born in Blackheath, Kent, on 17 December 1738, the youngest child and only son of Robert Hamond (1704/5–1775), a shipowner of modest means, and his wife, Susannah Snape. Robert Hamond owned five ships in 1748, but then lost two, and, in his son's words, 'fell into misfortune, from which, with all his industry, he could never entirely extricate himself'. The family moved to ...

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Thomas Howard, first earl of Suffolk (1561–1626) by unknown artist, 1598 Rangers House / © English Heritage Photo Library

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Howard, Thomas, first earl of Suffolk (1561–1626), naval officer and administrator, was born on 24 August 1561, the elder son of Thomas Howard, fourth duke of Norfolk (1538–1572), and his second wife, Margaret Dudley, Lady Dudley (1540–1564), daughter and heir of Thomas Audley, ...

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Lynn, Thomas (1774–1847), naval officer in the East India Company and teacher of navigation, was born on 2 January 1774 at Woodbridge, Suffolk, one of at least two sons of James Lynn, a medical practitioner, and his wife, Elizabeth. In order to be accepted into the navy of the ...

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Sir Robert Mansell (1570/7171–1652) by unknown artist © National Museums and Galleries of Wales

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Mansell, Sir Robert (1570/71–1652), naval officer and administrator, was the fourth, or possibly the sixth, son of Sir Edward Mansell (1530/31–1585) of Margam, Glamorgan, and Lady Jane Somerset, the youngest daughter of Henry, second earl of Worcester, and his second wife, Elizabeth, daughter of ...

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Charles Middleton, first Baron Barham (1726–1813) by M. Bourlier, pubd 1809 (after John Downman) © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Middleton, Charles, first Baron Barham (1726–1813), naval officer and administrator, the twelfth child and second son of Robert Middleton, a collector of customs at Bo'ness in Linlithgowshire, and his wife, Helen, the daughter of Charles Dundas of Arniston, was born at Leith on 14 October 1726. His grandfather, ...

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Outram, Sir Benjamin Fonseca (1774–1856), surgeon and naval officer, son of Captain William Outram, was born in Kilham, near Bridlington, Yorkshire, and baptized at Gravesend, Kent. He was apprenticed to a Mr Coleman and later to Mr William Harvis, surgeon-apothecaries of Gravesend. He joined the ...

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L. G. C. Laughton

revised by J. Watt

Reid, Sir John Watt (1823–1909), surgeon and naval officer, born in Edinburgh on 25 February 1823, was the younger son of John Watt Reid, surgeon in the navy, and his wife, Jane, daughter of James Henderson, an Edinburgh merchant. Educated at Edinburgh Academy...

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Rodney, John (1765–1847), naval officer and administrator in Ceylon, was born on 27 February 1765, the elder son of Admiral George Bridges Rodney, first Baron Rodney (bap. 1718, d. 1792), and his second wife, Henrietta (1739–1829), daughter of John Clies of Lisbon. His early career broke the accepted naval conventions. In 1778, at the age of thirteen, he entered the ...

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Saltonstall, Charles (bap. 1607, d. 1665), naval officer and teacher of navigation, was baptized on 27 January 1607 at St Dunstan-in-the-East, Middlesex, the third of five children of Sir Samuel Saltonstall (d. 1640). In November 1627 Saltonstall was the owner, sole merchant, and captain of a merchant ship which arrived at ...

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Slingsby, Sir Robert, baronet (1611–1661), naval officer and administrator, was the second of five sons (there were also four daughters) of Sir Guylford Slingisbie or Slingsby (1565–1631) of Bifrons, Canterbury, comptroller of the navy, and his wife, Margaret (d. in or after 1661)...

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St Lo, George (1658–1718), naval officer and official administrator, was the fourth of five sons of John St Lo of Little Fontmell, Dorset, and grandson of Edward St Lo of Knighton, Wiltshire. On the paternal side he was connected with the influential Hyde...