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Armstrong, Sir Thomas (bap. 1633, d. 1684), army officer and conspirator, was baptized on 27 December 1633 at St Stephen's protestant church, Nijmegen, the son of Thomas Armstrong (d. 1662), army officer, and his wife, Anne, née Anderson. A coronet of horse at ...

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Atkinson, Robert (d. 1664), parliamentarian army officer and conspirator, was born in Winton, Westmorland, of a local family. He later married and had children, but little is known of his private life. According to Sir Philip Musgrave, before the civil war Atkinson had been a yeoman farmer with lands worth some ...

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Baillie [Bailly], Charles (c. 1541–1625), conspirator and informer, was probably born in the Low Countries of Scottish descent. He was a good linguist, and from about 1564 found employment in the household of Mary, queen of Scots. By 1571 he was in the service of ...

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Barclay, Sir George (c. 1636–1710), army officer and Jacobite conspirator, was probably born in Kincardineshire, the son of Andrew Barclay of 'Sheels', who was of an unrecorded cadet branch of the Barclay family of Johnston, Kincardineshire, and was perhaps Andrew, a younger son of ...

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Bernardi, John (1657–1736), army officer and Jacobite conspirator, was born at Evesham, Worcestershire, the son of Francis Bernardi (b. c.1627), a Genoese nobleman and agent at the court of Charles II, naturalized in 1675, and grandson of the Genoese diplomat Count Philip de Bernardi...

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Blount, Sir Christopher (1555/6–1601), soldier and conspirator, was the second son of Thomas Blount (b. before 1523, d. 1568) of Kidderminster, Worcestershire. Blount's early life was profoundly shaped by two key influences: devout Catholicism (especially on the part of his mother, Margery, ...

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Breman [Braman], John (bap. 1627, d. 1703), army officer, politician, and conspirator, was baptized on 27 March 1627 at Alton, Hampshire, the eldest surviving son of Thomas Braman (d. 1661), mercer of Alton. He first appears in 1647 as one of the regimental agitators of the ...

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James Butler, second duke of Ormond (1665–1745) by Sir Godfrey Kneller, c. 1695 by kind permission of the Examination Schools, Oxford

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Butler, James, second duke of Ormond (1665–1745), army officer, politician, and Jacobite conspirator, was born in Dublin Castle on 29 April 1665, the second and eldest surviving son of Thomas Butler, sixth earl of Ossory (1634–1680), soldier and politician, and his wife, Aemilia van Nassau (...

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Sir Peter Carew (1514?–1575) by Gerlach Flicke National Gallery of Scotland

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Carew, Sir Peter (1514?–1575), soldier and conspirator, was the third son of Sir William Carew (c.1483–1536) of Mohun's Ottery, Devon, and his wife, Joan (d. 1554), daughter of Sir William Courtenay of Powderham and his second wife, Mary. The eldest son, ...

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Danvers, Sir Charles (c. 1568–1601), soldier and conspirator, was the eldest son of Sir John Danvers (1540–1594) of Dauntsey, Wiltshire, and thus heir to extensive estates in Wiltshire, Gloucestershire, and Yorkshire. Through his mother, Elizabeth (1545×50–1630), youngest daughter and coheir of John Neville, ...

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Fenwick, Sir John, third baronet (c. 1644–1697), army officer and Jacobite conspirator, was born at Wallington, Northumberland, the only son (with two sisters) of Sir William Fenwick, second baronet (c.1617–1676), of Wallington, Northumberland, and his first wife, Jane (d. c...

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Simon Fraser, eleventh Lord Lovat (1667/88–1747) by William Hogarth, pubd 1746 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Fraser, Simon, eleventh Lord Lovat (1667/8–1747), Jacobite conspirator, army officer, and outlaw, was the second but first surviving son of Thomas Fraser (1631–1699), sometimes styled 'of Beaufort' (the third son of Hugh Fraser, seventh Lord Lovat), and Sybilla Macleod (...

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Gladman, John (fl. 1644–1685), parliamentarian army officer and conspirator, is of unknown parents and background, though he claimed in 1683 to be related to the former parliamentarian soldier and plotter Richard Rumbold. He succeeded James Berry as captain-lieutenant in Oliver Cromwell's Ironsides regiment...

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See Halsall [Hassall], Edward

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Holmes, Abraham (d. 1685), army officer and conspirator, was perhaps from co. Durham, though it has been suggested that he was related to a Holmes family of Sussex. Nothing definite is known of his background. He first appears during the early years of the civil war as a lieutenant in ...

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Horsey, Sir Edward (d. 1583), conspirator and soldier, was the eldest son of Jasper Horsey (d. 1546) of Exton, Devon, and his wife, Joan, daughter and heir of William Welford. Jasper Horsey was admitted to the Middle Temple in 1522, served in the household of the ...

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Lowick, Robert (1655–1696), army officer and Jacobite conspirator, was a Yorkshireman, born at Stokesley in the North Riding, into its small Catholic community, on 12 March 1655, son of Robert Lowick (b. 1624, d. after 1690) and, almost certainly, Mary Lowick (...