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Benmohel, Nathan Lazarus (1803–1869), Hebrew and German scholar, was born in Hamburg, Germany, son of Rabbi Elieza Lazi (1741–1841), presiding judge, or dayan, of Posen, and the united congregations of Altona, Hamburg, and Wandsbeck. His mother was the daughter of Rabbi Todros Munk...

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Bernays, Adolphus (1794–1864), German scholar, was born Aaron Jacob Bernays on 18 May 1794 in Mainz, Germany, the fifth of eight children of a well-to-do Jewish innkeeper, Jacob Bernays (1747–1817), and his wife, Martha, née Welsch (b. 1761). The wider Bernays family included many notable figures, among them his brother ...

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Ferdinand, Philip (1556–1599), Hebrew and Arabic scholar, was born of Jewish parentage in Poland in 1556. In his youth he studied the Talmud in the traditional Jewish manner and, judging from his elegant Latin, his command of Greek, and his fine handwriting, also received a humanist education. After about 1580 he was in ...

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Hamburger, Michael Peter Leopold (1924–2007), poet, translator, and literary critic, was born in Berlin on 22 March 1924, the elder son and third of the four children of Richard Hamburger (1884–1940), an eminent paediatrician of Polish origin, and his wife, Lilli, née Hamburg (1887–1980)...

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Leigh, Ralph Alexander (1915–1987), French scholar, was born in Poplar, Tower Hamlets, London, on 6 January 1915, the son of a journeyman tailor. His mother died tragically when he was nine. He won a scholarship to Raines' Foundation School for Boys and then won ...

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Leitner [formerly Sapier], Gottlieb Wilhelm (1840–1899), educationist and orientalist, was born at Pest, Hungary, on 15 September 1840. His name at birth, which was registered with the Jewish community of Pest, was Gottlieb Sapier. He was the only son (there was a younger daughter) of ...

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Moses Margoliouth (1815–1881) by John William Cook, pubd 1850 [with the marble head of Empress Theodora, discovered among the ruins of Carthage] © National Portrait Gallery, London

Article

Margoliouth, Moses (1815–1881), Hebrew scholar and convert from Judaism, was born in Suwałki, Poland, son of a prosperous local merchant named Gershon Margoliouth (d. c.1852), apparently originally surnamed Epstein or Epszteyn. In 1834 Moses Margoliouth married Chaja Goldberg (1818–1870), daughter of writer and historian ...