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Anslay, Brian (d. 1536), administrator and translator, about whose parentage and origins little is known, participated, as yeoman of the wine cellar, in Henry VII's funeral procession and in Henry VIII's coronation ceremonies in 1509. In 1521 his translation of Christine de Pisan's...

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Aylesbury, William (bap. 1612, d. 1656), translator and government official, was baptized at St Margaret, Lothbury, London, on 13 July 1612, the eldest son of Sir Thomas Aylesbury, baronet (1579/80–1658), and his wife, Anne Darell, née Denman (1589–1661). On 18 July 1628 he matriculated from ...

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Evelyn, John (1655–1699), translator and government official, was born on 14 January 1655, at Sayes Court, Deptford, Kent, the third but eldest surviving son of the diarist, John Evelyn (1620–1706) and his wife, Mary Evelyn (c. 1635–1709), daughter of Sir Richard Browne, of ...

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Hughes, William Little (1822–1887), translator and civil servant, was born in Dublin, the son of William Hughes and his wife, Margaret, née Acheson. As a young man he settled in Paris, becoming a clerk in the foreign press department of the ministry of the interior...

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See Lorimer, David Lockhart Robertson

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George Stronach

revised by H. C. G. Matthew

Nicolson, Alexander (1827–1893), sheriff-substitute and Gaelic scholar, son of Malcolm Nicolson (d. c.1846), was born at Usabost in Skye on 27 September 1827. His early education was obtained from tutors. After the death of his father he entered Edinburgh University, intending to study for the ...

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Painter, William (1540?–1594), translator and administrator, may have come from a Kentish family. The Dictionary of National Biography suggests his father may have been William Painter, a woolcomber who applied for the freedom of London about 1543; Ashley states that Painter's father was headmaster of ...

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Renzy, Sir Matthew de (1577–1634), customs official and Gaelic scholar, was born in 1577 in 'Cullen' (probably Cologne), Germany. Having spent some time as a cloth dealer in Antwerp, he moved to London and lived there as a merchant stranger in ...

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Winstedt, Sir Richard Olaf (1878–1966), civil servant and Malay scholar, was born in North Parade, Oxford, on 2 August 1878, one of at least two sons of a naturalized Swede, Isaac Olof Winstedt, tailor and outfitter, and his wife, Sarah Mary Castell, who belonged to an old-established ...

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Sir Richard Olof Winstedt (1878–1966) by Dora Gordine, c. 1930 courtesy of the Royal Asiatic Society, London / Photograph Graeme Gardiner