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Billingsley, Sir Henry (d. 1606), merchant and translator, was the third son of William Billingsley (d. 1553), haberdasher, and his wife, Elizabeth Hardy (or Harlow). The Roger Billingsley named by Wood as his father was in fact his grandfather. He matriculated pensioner at ...

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Bowrey, Thomas (d. 1713), merchant and compiler of the first Malay–English dictionary, is of obscure origins. It may be that he was the son of one Thomas Bowrey of Wapping, Middlesex, mariner, and he was certainly kin to some of the Wapping Bowreys...

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Cust, Robert Needham (1821–1909), East India Company servant and orientalist, was born at Cockayne Hatley, Bedfordshire, on 24 February 1821, the second son of Henry Cockayne Cust (1780–1861), canon of Windsor, and his wife, Lady Anna Maria Elizabeth (d. 1866), eldest daughter of ...

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Davis, Samuel (1760–1819), East India Company servant and orientalist, was born in the West Indies, the younger son of John Davis, who held the post there of commissary-general, and his Welsh wife (née Phillips). He went to England with his mother and two sisters after the death of his father. Despite the evident poverty of the family, ...

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Fleete, Henry (c. 1602–1660/61), merchant and interpreter in America, was born at his family's estate of Chartham Court, Kent, the sixth child and fourth son of William Fleete (b. c.1571), lawyer and gentleman, and his wife, Deborah (d. 1651), daughter of ...

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Martin [née Eccleston], Dorcas, Lady Martin (1536/7–1599), translator and bookseller, was probably the daughter of John Eccleston, grocer, of Cheapside and Tottenham, who may have moved to London from Lancashire (on her monument, Dorcas is described as the daughter of John Eccleston...

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Renzy, Sir Matthew de (1577–1634), customs official and Gaelic scholar, was born in 1577 in 'Cullen' (probably Cologne), Germany. Having spent some time as a cloth dealer in Antwerp, he moved to London and lived there as a merchant stranger in ...