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John Anstis (1669–1744) attrib. Thomas Hudson The College of Arms

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Anstis, John (1669–1744), herald and antiquary, was born at St Neot, Cornwall, on 28 or 29 August 1669, the first son of John Anstis (d. 1692), registrar of the archdeaconry of Cornwall, and Mary (1641×52–1669), daughter of George Smith of Lantewy and ...

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Bigland, Ralph (1712–1784), herald and cheesemonger, was born on 29 January 1712 at Stepney, Middlesex, the only son of Richard Bigland (1658–1725) of Wapping, tallow chandler, and his second wife, Mary (1676–1736), daughter of George Errington of Benwell, Northumberland. His father was a native of ...

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Ralph Bigland (1712–1784) by Charles Townley, 1771 (after Richard Brompton) © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Borough, Sir John (d. 1643), antiquary and herald, was the son of John Borough of Sandwich, Kent, and his wife, a daughter of Robert Denne of Dennehill, Kent, who inherited land in The Hague. His grandfather William Borough was apparently married to a Dutchwoman, and his father was described by contemporaries as a Dutch gardener or brewer. He should not be confused with ...

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Boutell, Charles (1812–1877), writer on heraldry and antiquities, was born on 1 August 1812 at Pulham St Mary, Norfolk, the son of the Revd Charles Boutell (1771–1855), perpetual curate of Repps-with-Bastwick, Norfolk (1808–48), and his wife, Mary Elizabeth (née Day). He entered ...

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Brooke, John Charles (1748–1794), herald and antiquary, was born on 27 August 1748 at Fieldhead, in the parish of Silkstone, Yorkshire, the younger son of William Brooke (1706–1755), and his wife, Alice (b. 1718), eldest daughter and coheir of William Mawhood, sometime mayor and alderman of ...

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Thompson Cooper

revised by J. A. Marchand

Browne, Thomas (1702–1780), herald and land surveyor, was born in Derby, the second son of John Browne of Ashbourne, Derbyshire. He was first employed as surveyor to John Warburton, Somerset herald, and then to the dukes of Beaufort. He entered the College of Arms...

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Bysshe, Sir Edward (c. 1610–1679), herald and politician, was one of the seven children of Edward Bysshe MP (d. 1655), of Burstow, Surrey, and his wife, Mary, daughter of John Turner of Ham, Bletchingley, Surrey. The family had been at Burstow since the fifteenth century, and there his father, a successful lawyer in the ...

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William Camden (1551–1623) by unknown artist, 1622–3 private collection. Photograph: Photographic Survey, Courtauld Institute of Art, London

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Camden, William (1551–1623), historian and herald, was born on 2 May 1551 at the Old Bailey, London, the son of Sampson Camden and his wife, Elizabeth Curwen. Sampson, originally from Lichfield, had settled in London as a painter–stainer, a profession which made a lasting impression on his son and which ...

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Charles [Carles], Nicholas (bap. 1582, d. 1613), herald, was baptized in Holy Trinity Church, Stratford upon Avon, Warwickshire, on 13 June 1582, the eldest son of George Carles (or Careles) and Joan Slye. The Carles family of Stratford was armigerous; a quarterly coat was assigned to ...

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Diarmaid MacCulloch

Chitting, Henry (1580–1638), herald, was the eldest son of Thomas Chitting of Ickworth, Suffolk, and his wife, Ann Gipps (1547/8–1607). His career probably benefited from family ties to Lord Keeper Sir Nicholas Bacon. He bought the place of Chester herald from Thomas Knight...

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Cooke, Robert (d. 1593), herald, was purportedly the son of a tanner. As a youth he was said to have been a member of the household of Sir Edmund Brudenell, a great collector of pedigrees. He matriculated at St John's College, Cambridge, in 1553, graduated BA in 1558, and proceeded MA in 1561. In January 1562 he was appointed Rose Blanche pursuivant, and he then became Chester herald. In May 1567 he became Clarenceux king of arms, and in that office he was an assiduous maker of visitations to register coats of arms and pedigrees in ...

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Courthope, William (1807–1866), herald, was born on 20 May 1807 at Rotherhithe, Surrey, the fourth of eight children and only son of Thomas Courthope (1775–1849) of Rotherhithe and subsequently of Camberwell, citizen and shipwright of London, and his wife, Mary (1775–1861), daughter and sole heir of ...

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Cullum, Sir Thomas Gery, seventh baronet (1741–1831), surgeon and herald, was the second son of Sir John Cullum, fifth baronet (bap. 1699, d. 1774), landowner, of Hawstead Place and Hardwick House, Suffolk, and his second wife, Susanna Gery (1712/13–1784), daughter of Sir Thomas Gery...

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Dalton, Lawrence (d. 1561), herald, was one of the thirteen children (eight sons and five daughters) of Roger Dalton (d. in or after 1527), of Bispham, near Croston, Lancashire, and his fourth wife, Jane Jakes of Berkhamsted, Hertfordshire; he also had two half-brothers and a half-sister from his father's first marriage. Not known to have attended a university, ...

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Dethick, Sir Gilbert (1499/1500–1584), herald and diplomat, was the grandson of Robert Derrick (d. 1525) of the king's armoury at Greenwich, a German armourer brought to England by Erasmus Kyrkener, and Agatha, daughter of Matthis Leyendecker, a barber of Aachen. His grandparents had three sons, ...

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Dethick, Sir William (1543–1612), herald and antiquary, was the second son of Sir Gilbert Dethick (1499/1500–1584) and Alice Peterson (d. 1572). The Latin poet Henry Dethick was a younger brother. He was educated at St John's College, Cambridge, and was later a member of ...

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Dugdale, Sir William (1605–1686), antiquary and herald, was born on 12 September 1605 at Shustoke rectory, north Warwickshire, the son of John Dugdale (1552–1624), the rector, a native of Clitheroe, Lancashire, and his wife, Elizabeth Swynfen, from a Staffordshire gentry family. According to ...