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Backhouse, Margaret Ann (1887–1977), educationist and humanitarian activist, was born at The Grange, Hurworth, near Darlington, co. Durham, on 4 May 1887, the youngest but one of ten children of James Edward Backhouse (1845–1897) and his wife, Elizabeth Barclay Fowler (1849–1911). Her father was a partner in ...

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Batten, Edith Mary [Mollie] (1905–1985), welfare worker and educationist, was born in London on 8 February 1905, the third of the four children and elder daughter of Charles William Batten, general draper, of High Street, Wandsworth, London, and his wife, Edith Wallis, daughter of ...

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Blyth, Phoebe (1816–1898), educationist and philanthropist, was born at Gray Street, Newington, in Edinburgh, on 5 April 1816, the daughter of Robert Brittain Blyth, a metal merchant, and his wife, Barbara Cooper. Phoebe had a brother, the Revd Robert Blyth, who was an ardent supporter of Scottish sabbath schools. The family were active members of the ...

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Bonwick, Theodora Ellen (1876–1928), educationist and women's rights activist, was born on 27 December 1876 at 60 Coningham Road, Shepherd's Bush, London, the daughter of William Priessnitz Bonwick, a schoolteacher, and his wife, Sarah, formerly Beddow, an executive member of the Women's Liberal Federation...

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John Bulwer (bap. 1606, d. 1656) by T. Berry, pubd 1820 (after William Faithorne the elder) © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Bulwer, John (bap. 1606, d. 1656), medical practitioner and writer on deafness and on gesture, was the second and only surviving son of Thomas Bulwer (d. 1649), a London apothecary, and Marie (d. 1638), daughter of George Evanes of St Albans, Hertfordshire...

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Byers [née Morrow], Margaret (1832–1912), educationist and temperance activist, was born in April 1832 at Windsor Hill, Rathfriland, co. Down, the fourth child and only daughter of Andrew Morrow, a noted temperance activist, and his wife, Margaret Herron. The family engaged in farming and also operated a flax mill. On the death of her father in 1840 ...

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Crawshay [née Yeates], Rose Mary (1828–1907), educationist and feminist, was born at Caversham Grove, Oxfordshire. Her mother died when she was young and her father, Wilson Yeates, remarried two years later. She was educated at home by a governess. At the age of eighteen she met her husband, the 29-year-old ...

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Edwards, Sir Ifan ab Owen (1895–1970), educationist and founder of Urdd Gobaith Cymru, was born on 25 July 1895 at Tremaran, Llanuwchllyn, Merioneth, the second of the three children (the eldest died in infancy) of Sir Owen Morgan Edwards (1858–1920) and his wife, ...

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Foster, Vere Henry Louis (1819–1900), philanthropist and educationist, was born in Copenhagen on 26 April 1819, the third son of Sir Augustus John Foster, first baronet (1780–1848), then British minister to Denmark, and his wife, Albinia Jane (d. 1867), daughter of George Vere Hobart...

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Foxley, Barbara (1860–1958), educationist and campaigner for women's rights, was born on 20 August 1860 at Market Weighton in the East Riding of Yorkshire, the second daughter of the Revd Joseph Foxley (1827–1911), vicar of that parish, and his wife, Lucy Allen. She was educated privately at home, then at schools in ...

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Homan [née Waterlow], Ruth (1850–1938), educationist and women's welfare campaigner, was born on 8 August 1850 at 5 Gloucester Terrace, Hoxton Old Town, London, the eldest daughter of the three sons and five daughters of Sir Sydney Hedley Waterlow (1822–1906), stationer and MP, and his first wife, ...

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Leonard Horner (1785–1864) by unknown artist Heriot-Watt University Archive

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Horner, Leonard (1785–1864), factory inspector, geologist, and educationist, was born on 17 January 1785 at St George's Square, Edinburgh, the third and youngest son of John Horner (d. 1829), a wealthy whig linen merchant, and his wife, Joanna, née Baillie. In his youth his circle of acquaintances included ...

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Kilgour, Mary Stewart (1851–1955), educationist and feminist, was born on 24 September 1851 in Longford, Tasmania, the daughter of John Stewart Kilgour, a Scottish doctor, and his wife, Susan Ann (née Archer). The family returned to Britain in 1854 and eventually settled in ...

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Mackenzie [née Spence], Dame Helen Carruthers (1859–1945), educationist and public health campaigner, was born on 13 April 1859 at Mortlach, Banffshire, the daughter of William Spence, merchant tailor and provost of Dufftown, and his wife, Mary McDonell. She was educated at the local village school, where she became a pupil teacher, and completed teacher training at the ...

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Malleson [née Whitehead], Elizabeth (1828–1916), educationist and promoter of rural district nursing, was born on 29 October 1828 in Chelsea, London, the eldest of the eleven children of Henry Whitehead, solicitor, of Chelsea, and his wife, Frances Ann, youngest child of Francis Maguire...

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Rackstraw, Marjorie (1888–1981), educationist and social worker, was born in Highgate, Middlesex, on 24 June 1888, the second of five daughters of Matthew Rackstraw and his wife, Fanny (née Blofeld). The early death of his father obliged Matthew Rackstraw to abandon professional ambitions and enter trade. The ...

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Schwabe, Julie (1818–1896), philanthropist and educationist, was born at Bremen on 31 January 1818, daughter of the Jewish merchant Gottschalk Herz Schwabe, and was educated at Hamburg and Leipzig. She was originally named Ricke Rosetta Schwabe; by the time of her marriage she had the name ...

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Flora Clift Stevenson (1839–1905) by Alexander Roche, c. 1904 © Scottish National Portrait Gallery