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Aske, Robert (1619–1689), silk merchant and benefactor, was born on 24 February 1619, the son of Robert Aske of the parish of St Mary Woolchurch, London, and his second wife, Margery Middleton, the widowed daughter of John Hill of Wendover, whom he married in 1611. The two ...

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Barnham, Benedict (bap. 1559, d. 1598), merchant and benefactor, was baptized on 2 June 1559 at St Mildred Poultry, London, the fourth and youngest son of Alice Barnham, silkwoman and benefactor, and her husband, Francis Barnham [see under Barnham, Alice], draper and local politician. From 1559 the family lived at ...

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Blundell, Peter (c. 1520–1601), clothier and philanthropist, was born in Tiverton, Devon, of humble parentage. As a boy he saw the little community freed from the dominance of the Courtenay earls of Devon, and he lived to see it, untrammelled by either civic or industrial regulation, and somewhat encouraged by the protestant ethic, enter a period of considerable growth and prosperity based on the manufacture of kerseys, the woollen cloths in which the town and its immediate hinterland specialized. Whether the young ...

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Dowe, Robert (c. 1523–1612), merchant and benefactor, was the second son of Henry Dove of Stradbroke, Suffolk, and Alice Nowell. He was apprenticed to Nicholas Wilford, a prominent member of the Merchant Taylors' Company of London, of which he became free in 1550. It was probably soon after this that he married ...

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Warren Stormes Hale (1791–1872) by John Robert Dicksee, 1853 Guildhall Art Gallery, Corporation of London

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Hale, Warren Stormes (1791–1872), tallow chandler and benefactor, was born on 2 February 1791 at Benington, Hertfordshire, the youngest of eight children of Edward Hale (1754–1791), farmer, and his wife, Edith, née Warren (1750–1808). Before he was a year old his father died, and in 1805 ...

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Quintin Hogg (1845–1903) by unknown photographer © National Portrait Gallery, London

Article

G. S. Woods

revised by Roger T. Stearn

Hogg, Quintin (1845–1903), merchant and philanthropist, of Scottish descent, fourteenth child and seventh son of Sir James Weir Hogg, first baronet (1790–1876), East India Company chairman and MP, and his wife, Mary Claudine (d. 26 June 1874), daughter of Samuel Swinton of the ...

Article

Henry Summerson and M. C. Curthoys

Mico, Sir Samuel (d. 1666), merchant and benefactor, was the son of Richard Mico and his wife, surnamed Allen. He had a younger brother, John, and a sister, Hester. His family claimed to have originated in the Île-de-France, with the name Micault, and to have settled in ...

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Owens, John (1790–1846), merchant and philanthropist, was born in Manchester, the eldest son of Owen Owens (1764–1844) and his wife, Sarah (née Humphreys). Two other sons died in infancy. His parents were Welsh, his father being a native of Holywell, Flintshire; they married in 1788 and moved to ...

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Roysse, John (1500/01–1571), mercer and benefactor, was born in either 1500 or 1501, possibly on 31 January, and brought up in Abingdon, Berkshire. Nothing is known for certain about his father and mother, but the family name is recorded in sixteenth-century sources in ...

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Symonds, Peter (c. 1528–1586/7), mercer and benefactor, was born into an important Winchester family that dated back to before 1466. He was the eldest son of John Symonds (d. 1542), who as a city bailiff in 1439–40 held one of its major offices, and his wife, ...

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See Thorne, Robert, the elder

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Christian Edington Guthrie Wright (1844–1907) by unknown photographer [detail] Queen Margaret University College, Edinburgh; photograph © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Wright, Christian Edington Guthrie (1844–1907), founder of the Edinburgh School of Cookery, was born on 19 April 1844 in Glasgow, the only child of Harry Guthrie Wright, manager of the Glasgow and South-Western Railway Company. Her mother died following her birth, and father and daughter eventually settled in ...

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Elihu Yale (1649–1721) by Enoch Seeman the younger, 1717 © Yale University Art Gallery

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Yale, Elihu (1649–1721), merchant and administrator in India and benefactor, was born in Boston, Massachusetts, on 5 April 1649, the second son of David Yale (1614–1690) of Denbighshire, merchant, and Ursula Yale (b. c.1624). In 1652 Elihu's family returned to Britain...