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Sir Arthur Herbert Dyke Acland, thirteenth baronet (1847–1926) by W. & D. Downey, pubd 1894 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Acland, Sir Arthur Herbert Dyke, thirteenth baronet (1847–1926), politician and educational reformer, was born at Holnicote, near Porlock, Somerset, on 13 October 1847, the third son of Sir Thomas Dyke Acland, eleventh baronet (1809–1898), and his first wife, Mary (d. 1851), daughter of ...

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Acland, Sir John (c. 1552–1620), politician and benefactor, was the younger son of John Acland (d. 1553) of Acland Barton in the parish of Landkey, north Devon, and Margaret, daughter and coheir of Hugh Radcliff of Stepney and the Middle Temple. He was born into an established gentry family which already bore heraldic arms and owned lands in five other ...

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Sir Thomas Dyke Acland, eleventh baronet (1809–1898) by Hills & Saunders © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Acland, Sir Thomas Dyke, eleventh baronet (1809–1898), politician and educational reformer, born at Killerton, Devon, on 25 May 1809, was the eldest son of Sir Thomas Dyke Acland (1787–1871), politician and philanthropist, and his wife, Lydia Elizabeth (d. 1856), only daughter of ...

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Anson, Sir William Reynell, third baronet (1843–1914), politician and college head, was born at Walberton, Sussex, on 14 November 1843, the eldest son of Sir John William Hamilton Anson, second baronet (1816–1873), and his wife, Elizabeth Catherine (d. 1903), daughter of Major-General Sir Denis Pack...

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Sir William Reynell Anson, third baronet (1843–1914) by Sir Hubert von Herkomer, 1895 All Souls College, Oxford

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Ashley, Sir Anthony, baronet (1551/2–1628), politician and translator of The Mariners Mirrour, was the eldest son of Sir Anthony Ashley of Damerham in Hampshire, a cadet of the long-established Ashleys of Wimborne St Giles (Dorset), and Dorothy, daughter of John Lyte of Lytes Cary (Somerset)...

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Bacon, Francis, Viscount St Alban (1561–1626), lord chancellor, politician, and philosopher, was born on 22 January 1561 at York House in the Strand, London, the second of the two sons of Sir Nicholas Bacon (1510–1579), lord keeper, and his second wife, Anne (...

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Baines, Edward (1774–1848), newspaper proprietor, politician, and historian, was born at Walton-le-Dale, near Preston, Lancashire, on 5 February 1774, the second son of Richard Baines (d. 1811) and his wife, Jane (née Chew). Richard Baines, who was born near Ripon and came from a farming family, had moved to ...

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Baines, Sir Edward (1800–1890), journalist, politician, and educationist, was born in Leeds on 28 May 1800, the second son of Edward Baines (1774–1848), editor of the Leeds Mercury, and his wife, Charlotte, daughter of Matthew Talbot, a Leeds currier. Matthew Talbot Baines and ...

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Edward Baines (1774–1848) by John Cochran, pubd 1834 (after Thomas Hargreaves) © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Balfour, Arthur James, first earl of Balfour (1848–1930), prime minister and philosopher, was born on 25 July 1848 at Whittingehame House, East Lothian, the third of eight children and eldest son of James Maitland Balfour (1820–1856), landowner (and MP, 1841–7), and his wife, ...

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Arthur James Balfour, first earl of Balfour (1848–1930) by John Singer Sargent, 1908 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Barker, William (fl. 1540–1576), translator and member of parliament, was humbly born but through the patronage of Anne Boleyn was educated at St John's College, Cambridge, graduating MA in 1540. A Roman Catholic, Barker left for Italy, probably in 1549, and travelled widely throughout the peninsula collecting Latin epitaphs (his ...

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See Baynton family

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Bellings, Richard (c. 1603–1677), politician and historian, was the eldest son of Sir Henry Bellings, landowner, of Kilessin, and his wife, Maud. The Bellings were an established Old English family with extensive landholdings, estimated in the 1660s to amount to almost 5000 acres...

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Borlase, Sir William (c. 1562–1629), politician and benefactor, was the only son of John Borlase (d. 1593) and his wife, Anne (d. 1622), daughter of Sir Robert Lytton of Knebworth, Hertfordshire. Although the family of Borlase or Burlace was Cornish in origin ...

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Boyson, Sir Rhodes (1925–2012), headteacher and politician, was born at 18 Hoyle Street, Haslingden, Lancashire, on 11 May 1925, the son of William Boyson (1885–1973), cotton spinner, and his wife, Bertha, née Barnes (1886–1978). Boyson's father served as an alderman on the local council, representing the ...

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Sir Rhodes Boyson (1925–2012) by Aubrey Hart, 1975 © Getty Images