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Mary Anning (1799–1847) by unknown artist, before 1842 © The Natural History Museum, London

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Anning, Mary (1799–1847), fossil collector and dealer, was born on 21 May 1799 in a seaside house in Lyme Regis, Dorset. She and her brother Joseph (1796–1849) were the only surviving children of Richard Anning (c.1766–1810), cabinet-maker and carpenter, and his wife, ...

Article

Gordon Goodwin

revised by Simon Harrison

Barlow, Thomas Worthington (1824–1856), antiquary and naturalist, was born in Cheshire on 9 February 1824, the only son of William Worthington Barlow (1782–1846), a surgeon of Cranage, Cheshire, and his wife, Lucy, daughter of the Revd Thomas Hodges, vicar of Bromfield, Shropshire. Educated for the legal profession, he became a member of ...

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Daines Barrington (1727/88–1800) by Charles Knight, 1795 (after Joseph Slater, 1770) © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Barrington, Daines (1727/8–1800), judge, antiquary, and naturalist, was born at Becket in the parish of Shrivenham in Berkshire, the fourth son and fourth of nine children of John Shute Barrington, first Viscount Barrington (1678–1734), barrister and politician, and his wife, Anne (d...

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William Beard (1772–1868) by Samuel Griffiths Tovey, c. 1828–9 © Fitzwilliam Museum, University of Cambridge

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Beard, William (1772–1868), tourist guide and collector of bones, was born on 24 April 1772 at Woolvershill, Banwell, Somerset, the eldest of the eight children of John Beard (1738–1801), a farmer, and his second wife, Ann Poole (1760–1833). He was educated by John Tuckey...

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Etheldred Benett (1775–1845) by unknown artist, 1837 Norwich Castle Museum & Art Gallery

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Benett, Etheldred (1775–1845), fossil collector and geologist, was born on 22 July 1775 at Pyt House, Tisbury, Wiltshire, the eldest daughter of Thomas Benett (c.1729–1797) and Catherine Darell (d. 1780). Her eldest surviving brother, John (1773–1852), was a deputy lieutenant and magistrate for ...

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Borlase, William (1696–1772), antiquary and naturalist, was born on 2 February 1696, the second son of John Borlase (1666–1755), landowner and twice MP for St Ives, and his wife, Lydia (c.1671–1725), youngest daughter of Christopher Harris of Hayne, Devon, at their home, ...

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Chibnall, Albert Charles (1894–1988), biochemist and historian, was born on 28 January 1894 in Hammersmith, London, the second of three sons and third of six children (two subsequent daughters died in infancy) of George William Chibnall, baker, and his wife, Kate, daughter of ...

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Davies, Robert (1658–1710), naturalist and antiquary, was born on 15 March 1658, probably at Gwysane, Flintshire, one of eight children of Mutton Davies (1634–1684) and his wife, Elizabeth Wilbraham (1641–1678). His father was a great traveller and significantly improved his house and gardens at ...

Article

Gordon Goodwin

revised by Alexander Goldbloom

Hogg, John (1800–1869), classical scholar and naturalist, was born on 21 March 1800 at Norton near Durham, the second of four sons (there were also two daughters) of John Hogg (1761–1823), barrister, and his wife, Prudentia Jones (c.1767–1838). His brother Thomas Jefferson Hogg...

Article

Gordon Goodwin

revised by John Whyman

Jacob, Edward (1710?–1788), antiquary and naturalist, was born in Canterbury, the eldest son of Edward Jacob (d. 1756), surgeon and alderman, who served as mayor of Canterbury in 1727–8, and Jane, daughter of Strangford Violl, vicar of Upminster. About 1735 he moved to ...

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Lhuyd [Lhwyd; formerly Lloyd], Edward (1659/60?–1709), naturalist and philologist, was born in the parish of Loppington, Shropshire, the illegitimate son of Edward Lloyd (1635–1681) of Llanforda, Oswestry, and Bridget Pryse of Glanfred, Tal-y-bont, Cardiganshire, the second daughter of Thomas Pryse of Gogerddan...

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(Noël) Joseph Terence Montgomery Needham (1900–1995) by Ramsey & Muspratt, 1937 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Needham, (Noël) Joseph Terence Montgomery (1900–1995), biochemist and historian, was born on 9 December 1900 at 2 Westbury Gardens, Loats Road, Clapham, London, the only child of Joseph Needham (1853–1920), physician and anaesthesiologist, and his second wife, Alicia Adelaide, née Montgomery (1863–1945). Born in the last months of the Victorian era, he became one of twentieth-century ...

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Piers, Sir Henry, first baronet (1628–1691), chorographer and natural historian, was the son of Sir William Piers and his wife, Martha, daughter of Sir James Ware (d. 1632) and sister of Sir James Ware (1594–1666). His grandfather Sir Henry Piers (d....

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Pleydell, John Clavell Mansel- [formerly John Clavell Mansel] (1817–1902), natural historian and antiquary, was born John Clavell Mansel on 4 December 1817, the eldest son of Colonel John Mansel (1776–1863) of Smedmore, Dorset, and his wife, Louisa (d. 1863), fourth daughter of ...

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Robert Plot (bap. 1640, d. 1696) by William Reader, c. 1672–80 Ashmolean Museum, Oxford