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Samuel Buck (1696–1779) by Richard Houston, pubd 1774 (after Joseph Highmore) [Buck brothers [left to right]: and Nathaniel Buck (1724-1759)] © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Buck, Samuel (1696–1779), topographical draughtsman, engraver, and print publisher, is usually said to have been born in Richmond, Yorkshire, though firm evidence of his birth place is lacking. Hauxwell, 4½ miles south of Richmond, has also been suggested. His father was living near ...

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Elizabeth Christiana Cavendish, duchess of Devonshire (1757–1824) by Sir Joshua Reynolds, 1787 Chatsworth House. Photograph: Photographic Survey, Courtauld Institute of Art, London

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Cavendish [née Hervey; other married name Foster], Elizabeth Christiana, duchess of Devonshire (1757–1824), society hostess and patron of the arts, was the middle daughter of Frederick Augustus Hervey, fourth earl of Bristol (1730–1803), and his wife, Elizabeth Davers (1730–1800), and was known for most her life as ...

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H. R. Tedder

revised by Francis Russell

Christie, James (1773–1831), antiquary and auctioneer, eldest son of James Christie (1730–1803), was born in Pall Mall in 1773. He was educated at Eton College and was intended for the church, but joined the family firm and directed it after his father's death in 1803. In addition to an active life as an auctioneer, ...

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Cracherode, Clayton Mordaunt (1730–1799), collector of books and prints, was born at Taplow, Buckinghamshire, on 23 June 1730, the only son of Mordaunt Cracherode (d. 1773), landowner and colonel of marines, who in 1740–44 sailed round the world with George Anson, and ...

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Richard Fitzwilliam, seventh Viscount Fitzwilliam of Merrion (1745–1816) by Joseph Wright of Derby, 1764 Fitzwilliam Museum, University of Cambridge, UK; photograph Bridgeman Art Library

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Fitzwilliam, Richard, seventh Viscount Fitzwilliam of Merrion (1745–1816), benefactor and musical antiquary, was born on 1 August 1745 at Richmond, Surrey, the eldest son of Richard Fitzwilliam, sixth Viscount Fitzwilliam of Merrion (d. 1776), and Catherine (c.1710–1786), eldest daughter and coheir of the Dutch-born merchant and political economist ...

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Gulston, Joseph (1744/5–1786), book and art collector and connoisseur, was the eldest son of Joseph Gulston (1693/4–1766), a successful loan contractor with mercantile interests in Lisbon, and his wife, Mericas Sylva (1714/15–1799), the daughter of a Portuguese merchant. His father became MP in turn for ...

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Edward Harley, second earl of Oxford and Mortimer (1689–1741) by Michael Dahl © Copyright The British Museum

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Harley, Edward, second earl of Oxford and Mortimer (1689–1741), book collector and patron of the arts, was born on 2 June 1689, the only son of Robert Harley, first earl of Oxford and Mortimer (1661–1724), politician, and his first wife, Elizabeth (d...

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Hope, Henry Thomas (1808–1862), patron of the arts and politician, was born in London, probably in Duchess Street, on 30 April 1808, eldest of the three sons of Thomas Hope (1769–1831), of the Amsterdam banking family, and his wife, Louisa (d. 1851)...

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Hugo, Thomas (1820–1876), antiquary and print collector, the eldest son of Charles Hugo (1784/1785–1860), surgeon to the 1st Somerset militia, was born in Taunton, Somerset. He entered Worcester College, Oxford, in 1839, graduating BA in 1842. He was ordained priest by the bishop of ...

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Hume, Sir Abraham, second baronet (1749–1838), collector of art and precious stones, was born at Hill Street, Berkeley Square, London, on 20 February 1749, the son of Sir Abraham Hume, first baronet (d. 1772), and his wife, Hannah, sixth and youngest daughter of ...

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Maas, Jeremy Stephen (1928–1997), art dealer and historian, was born on 31 August 1928 in Penang, Malaya, the son of Oscar Henry Maas (1884–1957), a Dutchman who owned a rubber plantation in Malaya, and his American wife, Marjorie Turner, née Pope (1893–1988). Maas...

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Richard Mead (1673–1754) by Allan Ramsay, 1747 Coram Foundation, Foundling Museum, London; photograph National Portrait Gallery, London

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Mead, Richard (1673–1754), physician and collector of books and art, was born at Worcester House, Stepney, Middlesex, on 11 August 1673, the eleventh child of thirteen of Matthew Meade (1628/9–1699), a nonconforming minister, and his wife, Elizabeth Walton (d. 1707). Matthew Meade...

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Sir William Musgrave, sixth baronet (1735–1800) by John Raphael Smith © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Musgrave, Sir William, sixth baronet (1735–1800), administrator, print collector, and antiquary, was born on 8 October 1735 at Hayton Castle, Cumberland, the sixth of the seven children of Sir Richard Musgrave, fourth baronet (c. 1701–1739), and his wife, Anne, née Hylton (1697–1766)...

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Pretty [née Dempster], Edith May (1883–1942), landowner and benefactor, was born on 1 August 1883 at Elland, near Halifax, Yorkshire, the second daughter of Robert Dempster (d. 1925), then a gas engineer employed in his father's company, and his wife, Elizabeth, ...