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Article

H. R. Tedder

revised by Francis Russell

Christie, James (1773–1831), antiquary and auctioneer, eldest son of James Christie (1730–1803), was born in Pall Mall in 1773. He was educated at Eton College and was intended for the church, but joined the family firm and directed it after his father's death in 1803. In addition to an active life as an auctioneer, ...

Article

Cracherode, Clayton Mordaunt (1730–1799), collector of books and prints, was born at Taplow, Buckinghamshire, on 23 June 1730, the only son of Mordaunt Cracherode (d. 1773), landowner and colonel of marines, who in 1740–44 sailed round the world with George Anson, and ...

Article

Dennistoun, James, of Dennistoun (1803–1855), antiquary and art collector, eldest son of James Dennistoun of Colgrain and Camiseskan (d. 1834) and his wife, Mary Ramsay, daughter of George Oswald of Auchencruive and Scotston, was born in Dunbartonshire on 17 March 1803—one of fourteen children. He was descended from the lords of ...

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Richard Fitzwilliam, seventh Viscount Fitzwilliam of Merrion (1745–1816) by Joseph Wright of Derby, 1764 Fitzwilliam Museum, University of Cambridge, UK; photograph Bridgeman Art Library

Article

Fitzwilliam, Richard, seventh Viscount Fitzwilliam of Merrion (1745–1816), benefactor and musical antiquary, was born on 1 August 1745 at Richmond, Surrey, the eldest son of Richard Fitzwilliam, sixth Viscount Fitzwilliam of Merrion (d. 1776), and Catherine (c.1710–1786), eldest daughter and coheir of the Dutch-born merchant and political economist ...

Article

Gulston, Joseph (1744/5–1786), book and art collector and connoisseur, was the eldest son of Joseph Gulston (1693/4–1766), a successful loan contractor with mercantile interests in Lisbon, and his wife, Mericas Sylva (1714/15–1799), the daughter of a Portuguese merchant. His father became MP in turn for ...

Article

Hall, Chambers (1786–1855), collector of antiquities and works of art, was the son of Captain and Mrs Hall whose portraits by Johan Zoffany are in the Ashmolean Museum, Oxford. His father probably served in the East India marine service. He had two brothers and a sister. Unfortunately little is known of his life. He lived with his brother ...

Article

Hugo, Thomas (1820–1876), antiquary and print collector, the eldest son of Charles Hugo (1784/1785–1860), surgeon to the 1st Somerset militia, was born in Taunton, Somerset. He entered Worcester College, Oxford, in 1839, graduating BA in 1842. He was ordained priest by the bishop of ...

Article

Hume, Sir Abraham, second baronet (1749–1838), collector of art and precious stones, was born at Hill Street, Berkeley Square, London, on 20 February 1749, the son of Sir Abraham Hume, first baronet (d. 1772), and his wife, Hannah, sixth and youngest daughter of ...

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Lloyd, Robert Wylie (1868–1958), collector and mountaineer, was born at Grove House, Oswaldtwistle, Blackburn, Lancashire, the only son of John Lloyd, a calico printer, and his wife, Rachel Wylie (1844–1890). His grandfather was Nathaniel Lloyd, a successful calico printer at Church, Accrington. His father and mother separated, and he was brought up by his mother in reduced circumstances at ...

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Joseph Mayer (1803–1886) by William Daniels, 1843 Board of Trustees of the National Museums and Galleries on Merseyside (Walker Art Gallery, Liverpool)

Article

Mayer, Joseph (1803–1886), collector of antiquities and works of art, was born on 23 February 1803 at Thistlebury House, Newcastle under Lyme, Staffordshire, fourth son and the sixth of eleven children of Samuel Mayer (1767–1838), tanner, currier, and mayor of Newcastle under Lyme...

Article

Morrison, Alfred (1821–1897), autograph and art collector, was born on 28 April 1821, the second son in the family of seven sons and four daughters of James Morrison (1789–1857) and his wife, Mary Anne (d. 1887), daughter of Joseph Todd. Their father's lucrative ...

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Sir William Musgrave, sixth baronet (1735–1800) by John Raphael Smith © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Musgrave, Sir William, sixth baronet (1735–1800), administrator, print collector, and antiquary, was born on 8 October 1735 at Hayton Castle, Cumberland, the sixth of the seven children of Sir Richard Musgrave, fourth baronet (c. 1701–1739), and his wife, Anne, née Hylton (1697–1766)...

Article

W. W. Wroth

revised by Martin Postle

Oldham, Nathaniel (fl. 1728–c. 1747), virtuoso, was the son of a dissenting minister. Early in life he went to India, where he served in the army. He returned to England on inheriting a fortune estimated at £100,000 from a near relation. From 1728 to 1735 he lived at ...

Article

Perrins, (Charles William) Dyson (1864–1958), book and porcelain collector and benefactor, was born in the parish of Claines, near Worcester, on 25 May 1864, the only son of James Dyson Perrins (1823–1887) and his wife and cousin, Frances Sarah (d. 1918), daughter of ...

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(Charles William) Dyson Perrins (1864–1958) by unknown photographer © National Portrait Gallery, London

Article

Robinson, Sir Thomas, first baronet (1702/3–1777), architect and collector, was probably born at Merton, Surrey, the eldest of seven sons of William Robinson (1675–1720) of Rokeby, Yorkshire, and his wife, Anne (c.1677–1730), daughter and heiress of Robert Walters of Cundall, Yorkshire...

Article

Sowerby, James (1757–1822), natural history artist, publisher, and collector, was born on 21 March 1757, at 2 Bolt-in-Tun Passage, Fleet Street, London, the son of John Sowerby (1719–1766), a lapidary, and his wife, Arabella Goodreed (1725–1782). He was educated at a day school, where he often made models during his lessons that he could sell. When he was fourteen friends provided ...