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Mary Anning (1799–1847) by unknown artist, before 1842 © The Natural History Museum, London

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Anning, Mary (1799–1847), fossil collector and dealer, was born on 21 May 1799 in a seaside house in Lyme Regis, Dorset. She and her brother Joseph (1796–1849) were the only surviving children of Richard Anning (c.1766–1810), cabinet-maker and carpenter, and his wife, ...

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C. L. Falkiner

revised by P. E. Kell

Archer, William (1830–1897), naturalist and librarian, was born on 6 May 1830 at Maghera, co. Down, the eldest son of the Revd Richard Archer, perpetual curate at Maghera and a member of a family long settled in co. Wexford, and Jane Matilda, daughter of ...

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Arnott, Struther (1934–2013), molecular biologist and university principal, was born at 39 Burnhead Road, Larkhall, Lanarkshire, on 25 September 1934, the son of Charles McCann, a farmer, and Christina Struthers Arnott (1900–1965), an honours graduate in chemistry and mathematics who later became a schoolteacher. He was educated at ...

Article

Gordon Goodwin

revised by Simon Harrison

Barlow, Thomas Worthington (1824–1856), antiquary and naturalist, was born in Cheshire on 9 February 1824, the only son of William Worthington Barlow (1782–1846), a surgeon of Cranage, Cheshire, and his wife, Lucy, daughter of the Revd Thomas Hodges, vicar of Bromfield, Shropshire. Educated for the legal profession, he became a member of ...

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Daines Barrington (1727/88–1800) by Charles Knight, 1795 (after Joseph Slater, 1770) © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Barrington, Daines (1727/8–1800), judge, antiquary, and naturalist, was born at Becket in the parish of Shrivenham in Berkshire, the fourth son and fourth of nine children of John Shute Barrington, first Viscount Barrington (1678–1734), barrister and politician, and his wife, Anne (d...

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William Beard (1772–1868) by Samuel Griffiths Tovey, c. 1828–9 © Fitzwilliam Museum, University of Cambridge

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Beard, William (1772–1868), tourist guide and collector of bones, was born on 24 April 1772 at Woolvershill, Banwell, Somerset, the eldest of the eight children of John Beard (1738–1801), a farmer, and his second wife, Ann Poole (1760–1833). He was educated by John Tuckey...

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Etheldred Benett (1775–1845) by unknown artist, 1837 Norwich Castle Museum & Art Gallery

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Benett, Etheldred (1775–1845), fossil collector and geologist, was born on 22 July 1775 at Pyt House, Tisbury, Wiltshire, the eldest daughter of Thomas Benett (c.1729–1797) and Catherine Darell (d. 1780). Her eldest surviving brother, John (1773–1852), was a deputy lieutenant and magistrate for ...

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Blumberg, Baruch Samuel [Barry] (1925–2011), biochemist and college head, was born on 28 July 1925 in Brooklyn, New York, the second of three children of Meyer Blumberg, lawyer, and his wife, Ida, née Simonoff. His grandparents had emigrated from Europe to the USA...

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Baruch Samuel Blumberg (1925–2011) by Paul Brason, 1993 © Paul Brason; The Master and Fellows of Balliol College, Oxford

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Borlase, William (1696–1772), antiquary and naturalist, was born on 2 February 1696, the second son of John Borlase (1666–1755), landowner and twice MP for St Ives, and his wife, Lydia (c.1671–1725), youngest daughter of Christopher Harris of Hayne, Devon, at their home, ...

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Brown, John (1780x85–1859), geologist and fossil collector, was born at Braintree, Essex. He was apprenticed to a stonemason in Braintree before moving to Colchester as a master mason about 1805. He married first Jane Byford and in 1820, after her death, Elizabeth Eagle...

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Bullock, William (bap. 1773, d. 1849), naturalist and antiquary, was baptized on 8 May 1773 at St Andrew's Church, Plymouth, Devon, the son of James Bullock and his second wife, Sibylla, of Bristol, the owners of a travelling waxworks. He had an older half-brother, ...

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William Benjamin Carpenter (1813–1885) by Maull & Polyblank, 1855 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Carpenter, William Benjamin (1813–1885), biologist and university administrator, was born in Exeter on 29 October 1813, the fourth child and eldest son of Dr Lant Carpenter (1780–1840) and his wife, Anna (d. 1856), daughter of James Penn, of Kidderminster. He was the brother of ...

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Chibnall, Albert Charles (1894–1988), biochemist and historian, was born on 28 January 1894 in Hammersmith, London, the second of three sons and third of six children (two subsequent daughters died in infancy) of George William Chibnall, baker, and his wife, Kate, daughter of ...

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Sir John Graham Dalyell, sixth baronet (1775–1851) by Sir John Watson-Gordon photograph by kind permission of The National Trust for Scotland