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John Anstis (1669–1744) attrib. Thomas Hudson The College of Arms

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Anstis, John (1669–1744), herald and antiquary, was born at St Neot, Cornwall, on 28 or 29 August 1669, the first son of John Anstis (d. 1692), registrar of the archdeaconry of Cornwall, and Mary (1641×52–1669), daughter of George Smith of Lantewy and ...

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Anstis, John (1708–1754), herald, was born on 17 November 1708 in St Clement Danes, Westminster, the seventh of fourteen children and eldest surviving son of John Anstis the elder (1669–1744), Garter king of arms, and his wife, Elizabeth (c.1675–c.1735)...

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Sir James Balfour of Denmiln and Kinnaird, first baronet (1600–1657) by unknown artist Scottish National Portrait Gallery

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Balfour, Sir James, of Denmiln and Kinnaird, first baronet (1603/4–1657), antiquary and herald, was probably born at Denmiln, Fife, the son of Sir Michael Balfour of Denmiln (c.1580–1652), later MP for Fife and comptroller of the household to Charles I, and his wife, ...

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Barker, Sir Christopher (d. 1550), herald, was one of three sons of William Barker of Stokesley, Yorkshire, and his wife, Jane, daughter of William Carlill or Carlisle of Newcastle; there were also half-brothers and a half-sister. Christopher Carlill (d. 1511), Norroy king of arms, was his uncle, and another ...

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Barron, (Arthur) Oswald (1868–1939), genealogist and heraldist, was born in West Ham, Essex, on 3 January 1868, the second of three sons (there were two daughters) of Henry Stracey Barron (1838–1918), consulting mechanical engineer and one-time chief engineer of the Imperial Ottoman Arsenal...

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Benolt, Thomas (d. 1534), herald and diplomat, may have been born at Rouen; his mother's maiden name was Meautis, but his father's identity is not known. It was with Calais, however, that the family had its strongest links; Benolt is generally thought to have been a native of ...

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Bigland, Ralph (1712–1784), herald and cheesemonger, was born on 29 January 1712 at Stepney, Middlesex, the only son of Richard Bigland (1658–1725) of Wapping, tallow chandler, and his second wife, Mary (1676–1736), daughter of George Errington of Benwell, Northumberland. His father was a native of ...

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Ralph Bigland (1712–1784) by Charles Townley, 1771 (after Richard Brompton) © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Borough, Sir John (d. 1643), antiquary and herald, was the son of John Borough of Sandwich, Kent, and his wife, a daughter of Robert Denne of Dennehill, Kent, who inherited land in The Hague. His grandfather William Borough was apparently married to a Dutchwoman, and his father was described by contemporaries as a Dutch gardener or brewer. He should not be confused with ...

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Boutell, Charles (1812–1877), writer on heraldry and antiquities, was born on 1 August 1812 at Pulham St Mary, Norfolk, the son of the Revd Charles Boutell (1771–1855), perpetual curate of Repps-with-Bastwick, Norfolk (1808–48), and his wife, Mary Elizabeth (née Day). He entered ...

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Brooke, John Charles (1748–1794), herald and antiquary, was born on 27 August 1748 at Fieldhead, in the parish of Silkstone, Yorkshire, the younger son of William Brooke (1706–1755), and his wife, Alice (b. 1718), eldest daughter and coheir of William Mawhood, sometime mayor and alderman of ...

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Brooke [Brookesmouth], Ralph (c. 1553–1625), herald, was born in London, the son of Geoffrey Brooke, a shoemaker, and his wife, Jane Hyde. By his own account, preserved in the College of Arms, his grandfather was William Brooke of Lancashire; however, Anthony Wagner cites another contemporary account that gives the family name as ...

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Thompson Cooper

revised by J. A. Marchand

Browne, Thomas (1702–1780), herald and land surveyor, was born in Derby, the second son of John Browne of Ashbourne, Derbyshire. He was first employed as surveyor to John Warburton, Somerset herald, and then to the dukes of Beaufort. He entered the College of Arms...

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William Bruges (c. 1375–1450) manuscript illumination, c. 1430 [kneeling, right] The British Library

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Bruges, William (c. 1375–1450), herald, was the son of Richard Bruges, Lancaster king of arms, and Katherine, whose maiden name may have been Hawley. He was appointed Chester herald on 7 June 1398 by letters patent under the seal of the new principality of ...

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Sir (John) Bernard Burke (1814–1892) by Charles Clarkington © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Burke, Sir (John) Bernard (1814–1892), genealogist and herald, was born on 5 January 1814 in London, the second of six children to survive infancy of John Burke (1786–1848) of London, author of the Peerage and Baronetage, and his wife and cousin, Mary (1781–1846)...

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Bysshe, Sir Edward (c. 1610–1679), herald and politician, was one of the seven children of Edward Bysshe MP (d. 1655), of Burstow, Surrey, and his wife, Mary, daughter of John Turner of Ham, Bletchingley, Surrey. The family had been at Burstow since the fifteenth century, and there his father, a successful lawyer in the ...