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Blair, Sir James Hunter, first baronet (1741–1787), banker, was born James Hunter on 26 February 1741 at Ayr, the second of three sons of John Hunter (d. c.1762), a wealthy merchant and probably banker of Mainholm, later of Brownhill, both in ...

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Sir James Hunter Blair, first baronet (1741–1787) by John Smart, 1772 private collection; © reserved in the photograph

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Campbell, John (c. 1703–1777), banker and businessman, was held by contemporaries to be an illegitimate son of Colin Campbell of Ardmaddy, younger son of the first earl of Breadalbane (1634–1717). Later testimonies suggest that Colin Campbell married Grizel Douglas against the earl's wishes, and that all evidence of this legal marriage was later destroyed, and with it, the claim of ...

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Campbell, Lord Neil, of Ardmaddie (c. 1630–1692), colonial speculator, was the second of six children of Archibald Campbell, marquess of Argyll (1605x7–1661), and his wife, Lady Margaret (1610–1678), second daughter of William Douglas, seventh earl of Morton; his parents lived mainly at Inveraray, Argyll...

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Colville, Ronald John Bilsland, second Baron Clydesmuir (1917–1996), businessman and banker, was born on 21 May 1917 at 28 Park Circus, Hillhead, Glasgow, the only son and eldest of the three children of (David) John Colville, first Baron Clydesmuir (1894–1954), steel manufacturer, politician, and public servant, and his wife, ...

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Coutts, John (1699–1750), merchant and banker, was born on 28 July 1699, probably in Edinburgh, the son of Patrick Coutts of Edinburgh and his wife, Jean, née Dunlop. His father's family had long been settled in Montrose, where his grandfather John was provost in 1677. His mother came from the ...

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Dick, Sir William, of Braid (d. 1655), merchant and financier, was the only son of John Dick, proprietor in Orkney and an Edinburgh town councillor in 1592–3. Nothing is known of his early life. On 15 June 1603 he married Elizabeth, sister of the wealthy ...

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Duncan, Henry (1774–1846), Church of Scotland minister and savings bank founder, was born at Lochrutton, Kirkcudbrightshire, on 8 October 1774, the third son of the minister George Duncan (1738–1807) and his first wife, Anne M'Murdo (d. 1824). He was educated at Dumfries Academy...

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Henry Duncan (1774–1846) by David Octavius Hill and Robert Adamson, c. 1843–6 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Fockart, Janet (d. 1596), merchant and moneylender, was probably descended from the Fockarts found as Edinburgh burgesses from the fifteenth century, who may themselves have been descended from the Fockarts of Lesmahagow parish, Lanarkshire. Having outlived three husbands, Janet became a well-known figure in the merchant community of late sixteenth-century ...

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Fordyce, Alexander (bap. 1729, d. 1789), banker, youngest son of George Fordyce (1663–1733), provost of Aberdeen, and his second wife, Elizabeth Brown (1688–1760), was born at Eggie in the parish of Belhelvie, where he was baptized on 7 August 1729. He was the brother of ...

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Foulis, Thomas (c. 1560–1628), goldsmith, financier, and mining entrepreneur, was a younger son of Henry Foulis of Colinton (d. 1571), an advocate, and his wife, Margaret Haldane (fl. 1545–1560). He became a goldsmith of Edinburgh in 1581, after an apprenticeship to the wealthy ...

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Gray, Robert (1825–1887), ornithologist and bank official, was born at Dunbar, East Lothian, on 15 August 1825, the son of Archibald Gray, a merchant, and his wife, Agnes Hendre. He was educated at the parish school and at the age of fifteen became an apprentice at the ...

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Henderson, Alexander, first Baron Faringdon (1850–1934), stockbroker and financier, was born at 25 Upper Winchester Street, Islington, London on 28 September 1850, the second son of the six sons and three daughters of George Henderson, printer, proof corrector, and Greek and Hebrew scholar, of ...

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Larnach, Donald (1817–1896), banker and financier, was born on 17 July 1817 at Caithness, Scotland, one of at least two sons of William Larnach (d. 1829), reputedly a naval purser, and his wife, Margaret, née Smith. Little is known about his early life, but he clearly received a good education. In 1834 he joined his squatter brother, ...

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Lumsden, James (1778–1856), banker, was born at Glasgow on 13 November 1778, the eldest son of James Lumsden, a printer and engraver in the city, and his wife, Janet Craig. His education was obtained in the grammar school (later Glasgow high school), where he was a contemporary of the poet ...

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Macdonald, Ian Wilson (1907–1989), accountant and banker, was born on 28 May 1907 at Cumnock, Ayrshire, the son of Alexander Buchanan Macdonald, minister of religion, and Mary Bowman Wilson, doctor of medicine. His only brother died in infancy. His very early childhood was spent in ...

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Menzies, Sir William John (1834–1905), lawyer and financier, was born in Edinburgh on 14 October 1834. His father, Allan Menzies (1804–1856), was a writer to the signet and professor of conveyancing (1847–56) in the university. His mother, Helen Cowan, was the daughter of ...

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Patrick Miller (1731–1815) attrib. Sir George Chalmers, c. 1770 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Miller, Patrick (1731–1815), banker and inventor, was born at Glasgow, the third son of William Miller of Glenlee, and his wife, Janet Hamilton. He was a younger brother of Sir Thomas Miller, the lord president of the court of session. Although he was to claim that he began life 'without a ...