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James Anderson (1739–1808) by Samuel Freeman, pubd 1809 (after J. Anderson) © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Anderson, James (1739–1808), agriculturist and political economist, born at Hermiston, near Edinburgh, inherited the tenancy of a large farm there at the age of fifteen when his parents (whose names are unknown) died. He had already prepared himself for the position by attending ...

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Barton, John (1789–1852), political economist and botanist, was born on 11 June 1789 in Southwark, London, the son of John Barton (1755–1789) and his second wife, Elizabeth, née Horne (1760–1833). He was the half-brother of Maria Hack, children's writer, and Bernard Barton, poet. The elder ...

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Bellers, John (1654–1725), political economist and cloth merchant, was probably born in Philpot Lane, near Gracechurch Street, London, the eldest of three children of Francis Bellers (1616–1679), merchant and Quaker, and his wife, Mary Read. His father was from Alcester, Warwickshire, and, besides accumulating substantial wealth as a merchant and trader after his migration to ...

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Bethel, Slingsby (bap. 1617, d. 1697), merchant and political economist, was baptized in Alne, in the North Riding of Yorkshire, on 27 February 1617, a younger son of Sir Walter Bethel (d. 1622), gentleman, and Mary Slingsby (1582–1662), daughter of Sir Henry Slingsby...

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Slingsby Bethel (bap. 1617, d. 1697) by William Sherwin, 1680 © Copyright The British Museum

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Burton, John Hill (1809–1881), historian and political economist, was born in the Gallowgate, Aberdeen, on 22 August 1809, the second of six children of William Kinninmont Burton (d. 1819), a lieutenant in the army, and of Elizabeth (d. 1848), daughter of ...

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Jennett Humphreys

revised by Anita McConnell

Chapman, John (1801–1854), engineer and political economist, was born at Loughborough, Leicestershire, on 20 January 1801, the eldest of the three surviving sons of John Chapman, clockmaker of that town. He received his education first at a school kept by Mr Mowbray, and then under the ...

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Davenant, Charles (1656–1714), government official and political economist, was born in London on 17 November 1656, the eldest son of Sir William Davenant (1606–1668), the poet and playwright, and his third wife, French-born Henrietta Maria du Tremblay (d. 1691). He went to school in ...

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Decker, Sir Matthew, first baronet (1679–1749), political economist and merchant, was born in Amsterdam, the son of Derrick (Dirk) Decker, of Amsterdam, and his wife, Katherina. He received his commercial education under Burgomaster Velters of Amsterdam, but in 1702 travelled to London to establish himself as a merchant, and was naturalized in February 1704, at the second attempt. He then consolidated his business interests, and it was through trader and banker ...

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Devas, Charles Stanton (1848–1906), political economist, was born on 26 August 1848 at Long Ditton, Surrey, the second son of William Devas (d. 1870), a merchant, later of Old Windsor, Berkshire, and his wife, Martha Anne (d. 1894), daughter of Charles Stanton...

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Downing, Sir George, first baronet (1623–1684), diplomat and financial reformer, was born in Dublin in August 1623, the son of Emmanuel Downing (1585–1659), attorney and clerk, of the Inner Temple and Lucy (1601–1679), sister of John Winthrop, first governor of the colony of ...

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Edmonds, Thomas Rowe (1803–1889), actuary and political economist, was born on 20 June 1803 in Penzance, the third of seven children of Richard Edmonds (1774–1860), solicitor, and town clerk of Marazion, Cornwall, and his wife, Elizabeth (1770–1840), daughter of Thomas Nicholas and his wife, ...

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Forster, Nathaniel (1726–1790), writer on political economy, was baptized on 20 July 1726 at Crewkerne, Somerset, the son of the Revd Nathaniel Forster and his wife, Catherine Petvin. He was a cousin of the Oxford Plato scholar Nathaniel Forster. He matriculated at Balliol College, Oxford...

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Graham, William (1839–1911), philosopher and political economist, was born in Saintfield, co. Down. He was a younger son of Alexander Graham, farmer and horse-dealer, and his wife, Maria Crawford, a descendant of a Scottish Presbyterian family which moved to Ireland in Charles II's...

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R. E. Anderson

revised by Anita McConnell

Hamilton, Robert (1743–1829), political economist and mathematician, was born in Edinburgh on 11 June 1743, the eighth son of Gavin Hamilton (1704–1767), bookseller and publisher, and his wife, Helen Balfour. His grandfather Dr William Hamilton (1669–1732) had been professor of divinity and principal in ...

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Hankey, Thomson (1805–1893), politician and political economist, born at Dalston, Middlesex, on 5 June 1805, was the eldest son of the eight children of Thomson Hankey (bap. 1773, d. 1857) and his wife, Martha, daughter of Benjamin Harrison. He was descended from ...

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Horton, (James) Africanus Beale (1835–1883), army medical officer and political economist, was born in Gloucester village, Sierra Leone, on 1 June 1835, the son of James Horton (c.1791–1867), a carpenter, and his wife, Nancy. Both were of Igbo descent, members of the recaptive community, liberated there from slavery. ...

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Jones, Richard (1790–1855), political economist, was born on 12 August 1790 at Frant, Sussex, and baptized in September 1790 at the church of St Charles the Martyr, Tunbridge Wells. His father was Richard Jones, an eminent solicitor, whose family lived near Newtown, Montgomeryshire...

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King, Gregory (1648–1712), herald and political economist, was born at Lichfield, Staffordshire, on 15 December 1648, the eldest son of Gregory King (fl. 1648–1668), who was originally from Leicester, and his first wife, Elizabeth Andrews (d. 1668) of Sandwich in Kent...