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Sir Thomas Andrewes (d. 1659) by unknown artist private collection

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Andrewes, Sir Thomas (d. 1659), financier and regicide, was the son of Robert Andrewes of Feltham, Middlesex, a Plymouth adventurer and subscriber to the Massachusetts Bay Company, and his wife, Margaret. He was a member of the Leathersellers' Company (and its master in 1638–9), and from 1631 ran a wholesale linen drapery business at the ...

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Audley, Hugh (bap. 1577, d. 1662), moneylender, was baptized on 13 January 1577 at St Michael, Wood Street, London, the tenth of the eleven children of John Audley (d. 1577?), mercer, and his wife, Maudlin or Margaret (d. 1594), daughter of ...

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Bailey, Sir Abraham [Abe], first baronet (1864–1940), financier and politician in South Africa, was born at Cradock, Cape Colony, on 6 November 1864, the only son of Thomas Bailey (d. 1905) of Keighley, Yorkshire, a shopkeeper of Queenstown, which he represented in the ...

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Bancroft, Francis (1667–1728), financial agent and benefactor, was born in Spitalfields, London, on 26 October 1667, the second son of John Bancroft (bap. 1614, d. 1705), a City financier who became serjeant-carver to the lord mayor, and his second wife, Rebecka Cole (...

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Banks, Sir John, baronet (bap. 1627, d. 1699), merchant and financier, was baptized at the parish church of All Saints, Maidstone, Kent, on 19 August 1627. He was the eldest in the family of two sons and one daughter of Caleb Banks of ...

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Benfield, Paul (1741–1810), financier in India, was baptized on 25 January 1741 in Cheltenham, Gloucestershire. He was the eldest son of John Benfield (d. in or before 1767), carpenter and joiner, of Cheltenham, and of his wife, Anne, daughter of the Revd Stephen Cull...

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Boyd, Walter (1753–1837), financier, was born on 18 November 1753 in Scotland. He had at least one brother. He was possibly educated in Amsterdam, and he seems to have served an apprenticeship with a merchant house there or in France. From 1774 to 1781 he managed farms in ...

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Brayne, John (c. 1541–1586), grocer and financier, was the eldest child of Thomas Brayne (d. 1562), a tailor (nominally a girdler), and his wife, Alice Barlow (d. 1566), of the parish of St Stephen, Coleman Street, London, who married on 22 January 1541. ...

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Cable, Ernest, Baron Cable (1859–1927), financier and industrialist, was born in Calcutta, India, on 1 December 1859, the only son of George Herbert Cable (1823–1876), a superintendent in the Indian customs and excise service, and his wife, Emily Maria née Pickersgill. He was considered too delicate to send to ...

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Chamberlain, Sir Thomas (c. 1504–1580), diplomat and financial agent, was the son of William Chamberlain, a London merchant who is probably to be identified with the man of that name who died in 1549 as a parishioner of St Sepulchre without Newgate, and his wife, ...

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Chetham, Humphrey (bap. 1580, d. 1653), financier and philanthropist, the sixth child of Henry Chetham (c.1540–1603) of Crumpsall Hall, near Manchester, and his wife, Jane (c.1542–1616), the daughter of Robert Wroe of Heaton, was born at Crumpsall Hall, and baptized at ...

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Clarke, William John Turner (1805–1874), pastoralist and financier in Australia, was born on 20 April 1805 at Bridgwater, Somerset, second son of William Clarke (c.1770–1813), Aldgate livestock dealer, and his wife, Sarah, née Turner (d. 1819), of Weston Royland, Somerset...

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Courten, Sir William (c. 1568–1636), merchant and financier, was born in London, the son of William Courten, a merchant, and his wife, Margaret Casiere. His parents were religious refugees who fled from Leye in Flanders during 1568. His father set up a textile business in ...

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Cradock, Matthew (c. 1590–1641), merchant and colonial investor, was the second son of Matthew Cradock, rector of Hasguard, Pembrokeshire, and his wife, Dorothy Greenway, of Berkshire. The Cradocks were a prominent Staffordshire family and had made their fortune in the wool trade, while ...

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Lionel Cranfield, first earl of Middlesex (1575–1645) by Daniel Mytens, 1620 private collection. Photograph: Photographic Survey, Courtauld Institute of Art, London

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Cranfield, Lionel, first earl of Middlesex (1575–1645), merchant, financier, and government minister, was born in London, the second son of Thomas Cranfield (d. 1595), a London mercer and Eastland Company merchant, and his wife, Martha (d. 1609), daughter of Thomas's master, ...

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Culpeper [Colepeper], Sir Thomas (1577/8–1662), writer on usury, was the third son of Francis Culpeper (1537/8–1591) of Greenway Court, near Hollingbourne, Kent, and his wife, Joan (1544/5–1598), daughter of John Pordage of Rodmersham, Kent, and widow of William Stede. Culpeper, having matriculated on 15 October 1591, aged thirteen, entered ...

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Sir John Cutler (1607/88–1693) by Arnold Quellin, c. 1683 Guildhall Art Gallery, Corporation of London

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Cutler, Sir John (1607/8–1693), merchant and financier, was the son of Thomas Cutler, a member of the Grocers' Company. Early in his career he abandoned commerce for finance and specialized in lending money to impoverished landowners on the security of their estates. In this way he made a fortune and amassed considerable landed property during the interregnum, while discreetly avoiding any serious involvement in politics. In 1657 he acquired the ...