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Beale, John (bap. 1608, d. 1683), Church of England clergyman and writer on agriculture and natural philosophy, was baptized at Yarkhill, Herefordshire, on 17 April 1608, the sixth and youngest son of Thomas Beale (1575–1620), a lawyer and prominent gentleman farmer, and his wife, ...

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Buckman, James (1814–1884), naturalist and agriculturist, was born on 20 November 1814 in Cheltenham, a son of John Buckman (1767–1851), shoemaker and cordwainer, and his wife, Mary Bishop (b. 1777). He was first articled to Stephen H. Murley, a Cheltenham surgeon-apothecary, who inculcated in him an interest in science. From about 1835 ...

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Sir Arthur Thomas Cotton (1803–1899) by Sir William Hamo Thornycroft, 1880 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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A. J. Arbuthnot

revised by Peter L. Schmitthenner

Cotton, Sir Arthur Thomas (1803–1899), army officer and irrigation engineer, was born on 15 May 1803 at Woodcote, Oxfordshire, the ninth son of Henry Calveley Cotton (d. 1837) of Woodcote House, who served in the royal guards (postal service), and his wife, ...

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Engledow, Sir Frank Leonard (1890–1985), plant scientist and agriculturist, was born on 20 August 1890 at Dartford, Kent, the fifth and youngest child of Henry Engledow of Norfolk, and Elizabeth Prentice from Essex. Henry Engledow was police station sergeant at Bexleyheath, Kent, and on retirement became agent to a brewery. ...

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Eyton, Thomas Campbell (1809–1880), naturalist and agriculturist, was born at Eyton Hall, Wellington, Shropshire, on 10 September 1809, the son of Thomas Eyton (1777–1855), recorder of Wenlock, and later high sheriff of Shropshire, and his wife, Elizabeth (c.1780–1817), daughter of Major-General Donald Campbell...

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See Garrett family

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See Guthrie, Frederick

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Marshall family (per. 1848–1922), agricultural engineers, came to prominence with William Marshall (1812–1861), born at Gainsborough, Lincolnshire, the son of John Marshall, who was in business there. His father has been described in different sources as a shipwright, or as a block and tackle manufacturer. ...

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Massingham, (Harold) John (1888–1952), rural writer, was born in London on 25 March 1888, the eldest of the six children of the radical Liberal journalist Henry William Massingham (1860–1924) and his first wife, Emma Jane Snowdon (d. 1905). John Massingham won an exhibition from ...

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Monson, Sir John, second baronet (1599–1683), politician and financier of fen drainage, was born in St Sepulchre, London, the eldest son of Sir Thomas Monson, first baronet (1563/4–1641), of South Carlton in Lincolnshire, and his wife, Margaret (1569–1630), daughter of Sir Edmund Anderson...

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See Ransome, Robert Charles

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Ransome, Robert Charles (1830–1886), agricultural engineer, was born on 1 June 1830, at Carr Street, Ipswich, Suffolk, the eldest son of Robert Ransome (1795–1864), agricultural engineer, and his wife, Sarah Coleby (1794–1863). He was the grandson of Robert Ransome (1753–1830) [see under...

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Russell, Herbrand Arthur, eleventh duke of Bedford (1858–1940), agriculturist and philanthropist, was born on 19 February 1858 in London, the younger son in the family of two sons and two daughters of Francis Charles Hastings Russell, ninth duke of Bedford (1819–1891) [see under...

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Herbrand Arthur Russell, eleventh duke of Bedford (1858–1940) by unknown photographer, c. 1910 Getty Images

Article

G. A. J. Cole

revised by V. E. Chancellor

Solly, Edward (1819–1886), chemist, agronomist, and antiquary, was born, probably in London, on 11 October 1819, the son of Edward Solly (c.1790–c.1847), a wealthy Baltic timber merchant of Berlin and St Mary Axe, London. Sarah Solly, who made a significant bequest to the ...

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Sutton, Martin John (1850–1913), scientific agriculturist, was born in Reading on 25 October 1850, the eldest of five sons and four daughters of Martin Hope Sutton (1815–1901), seed merchant, and his second wife, Sophia Woodhead Warwick (d. 1894), of Whitley, Berkshire. He was educated at ...