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Robert Andrews (1725–1806) by Thomas Gainsborough, c.1750 © National Gallery, London / The Bridgeman Art Library

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Andrews, Robert (1725–1806), landowner and subject of a painting by Thomas Gainsborough, was born at Bulmer, Essex, on 10 November 1725, the son of Robert Andrews (1661–1735) and his fourth wife, Martha (d. 1749), the daughter of James Brewster (d. 1725)...

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Lady Evelyn Barbara Balfour (1898–1990) by Elliott & Fry, 1943 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Balfour, Lady Evelyn Barbara [Eve] (1898–1990), promoter of organic farming and a founder of the Soil Association, was born on 16 July 1898 in Dublin, the fourth child of Gerald William Balfour, second earl of Balfour (1853–1945), and Lady Elizabeth Edith Balfour (1867–1942)...

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Bathurst, Charles, first Viscount Bledisloe (1867–1958), agriculturist and politician, was born in London on 21 September 1867, the second but first surviving son of the barrister Charles Bathurst (1836–1907), of Lydney Park, Gloucestershire, where he owned 4000 acres of land, and his wife, ...

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Beale, John (bap. 1608, d. 1683), Church of England clergyman and writer on agriculture and natural philosophy, was baptized at Yarkhill, Herefordshire, on 17 April 1608, the sixth and youngest son of Thomas Beale (1575–1620), a lawyer and prominent gentleman farmer, and his wife, ...

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Walter Blith (bap. 1605, d. 1654) by unknown engraver, pubd 1653 © Copyright The British Museum

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Blith, Walter (bap. 1605, d. 1654), writer on husbandry, was baptized on 7 August 1605 in Allesley, Warwickshire, the fourth and youngest son of John Blith (d. 1626), yeoman farmer, and Ann, daughter of Barnaby Holbeche of Birchley Hall, Fillongley. His father, a relatively prosperous cereal and dairy farmer, had moved to ...

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Bordley, John Beale (1727–1804), lawyer and agricultural improver in America, was born on 11 February 1727 in Annapolis, Maryland, the posthumous child of Thomas Bordley (c. 1683–1726), lawyer and government official, and his second wife, Ariana, née Vanderheyden (1690–1741), the widow of James Frisby...

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Brock, (Arthur) Guy Clutton- (1906–1995), agriculturist and political activist, was born on 5 April 1906 at Lake View, Green Lane, Ruislip, Middlesex, the son of Henry Alan Clutton-Brock, stockbroker, and his wife, Rosa Gertrude Eleanor, née Bowles. He was educated at Rugby School...

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Buckman, James (1814–1884), naturalist and agriculturist, was born on 20 November 1814 in Cheltenham, a son of John Buckman (1767–1851), shoemaker and cordwainer, and his wife, Mary Bishop (b. 1777). He was first articled to Stephen H. Murley, a Cheltenham surgeon-apothecary, who inculcated in him an interest in science. From about 1835 ...

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See Burrell family

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G. T. Bettany

revised by Nicholas Goddard

Chevallier, John (1773/4–1846), agriculturist, was the youngest son of the Revd Temple Chevallier (1731–1804), who was descended from a Jersey family, one of whom purchased the manor of Aspall, Suffolk, in 1720, and his wife, Mary, née Fiske. John originally joined the medical profession, but was later ordained; he was instituted into the perpetual curacy of ...

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Thomas William Coke, first earl of Leicester of Holkham (1754–1842) by Thomas Gainsborough, 1778 by kind permission of the Earl of Leicester and the Trustees of the Holkham Estate. Photograph: Photographic Survey, Courtauld Institute of Art, London

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Coke, Thomas William, first earl of Leicester of Holkham (1754–1842), politician and agriculturist, was born in London on 6 May 1754 and baptized at St James's, Piccadilly, on 22 May, the eldest son of Wenham Roberts Coke (1717–1776), a landowner, and his second wife, ...

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Coke, Thomas William, second earl of Leicester of Holkham (1822–1909), agriculturist and landowner, was born at Holkham Hall, the family seat in Norfolk, on 26 December 1822, the eldest son of Thomas William Coke, ‘Coke of Norfolk’, afterwards first earl of Leicester (1754–1842)...

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Conyngham, William Burton (1733–1796), politician and improver, was born William Burton in 1733, the second son of Francis Burton (1696–1743), politician and landowner, of Buncraggy, co. Clare, Ireland, and Mary Conyngham (d. 1737), the only surviving daughter of Major-General Henry Conyngham and the sister of ...

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Corbet, Henry (1820–1878), agricultural editor, was born on 31 December 1820 and educated at Bedford School. He hoped to go to university but was unable to do so because of family difficulties. During the early 1840s he lived in London and first came to public attention in November 1846 when he was appointed secretary of the ...

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Sir Arthur Thomas Cotton (1803–1899) by Sir William Hamo Thornycroft, 1880 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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A. J. Arbuthnot

revised by Peter L. Schmitthenner

Cotton, Sir Arthur Thomas (1803–1899), army officer and irrigation engineer, was born on 15 May 1803 at Woodcote, Oxfordshire, the ninth son of Henry Calveley Cotton (d. 1837) of Woodcote House, who served in the royal guards (postal service), and his wife, ...