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Abercrombie, Lascelles (1881–1938), poet and literary critic, was born at Manor House, Ashton upon Mersey, Cheshire, on 9 January 1881, the sixth son, and the tenth of eleven children (two of whom died in childhood), of William Abercrombie (1838–1908), stockbroker, of Ashton upon Mersey...

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Alexander, Peter (1893–1969), literary editor and scholar, was born on 19 September 1893, at 3 Great George Street, Hillhead, Glasgow, the only son of Robert Alexander (1844–1900) of Glasgow, schoolmaster and later head teacher, and Christina Cameron McDonald Munn (1863–1949), schoolmistress. After his father's death in 1900 ...

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Allen, Walter Ernest (1911–1995), novelist and literary scholar, was born on 23 February 1911 at Aston, Birmingham, the youngest of the four children, all sons, of Charles Henry Allen (fl. 1870–1950), silversmith's designer, and his wife, Annie Maria Thomas. His father's family came from the ...

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Allott, Kenneth Cyril Bruce (1912–1973), literary scholar and poet, was born on 29 August 1912 at Cynon surgery, Llanwynno, Mountain Ash, Glamorgan, the elder son of Hubert Cyril Willoughby Allott, a general practitioner, and his wife, Rose Finlay. The family moved to Nenthead, Cumberland...

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See Allott, Kenneth Cyril Bruce

Article

Alston, Robin Carfrae (1933–2011), bibliographer and publisher, was born on 29 January 1933 in Maraval, Trinidad, the second son of Wilfred Louis Alston (1900–1993), businessman, and his wife, Margaret Louise, née MacKenzie (1900–1975). His father had also been born in Trinidad, and his mother in ...

Article

Francis Espinasse

revised by Douglas Brown

Anderson, Robert (1749–1830), literary scholar and biographer, was born on 7 January 1749 at Carnwath in Lanarkshire, the son of William Anderson (1718/19–1759), a feuar, or copyholder, and his wife, Margaret Melrose (1720/21–1797). On the death of his father the family was left in straitened circumstances, but ...

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Arber, Edward (1836–1912), literary scholar, was born on 4 December 1836 at 29 George Street, Hanover Square, London, the youngest of five children of Thomas Arber, architect, and his wife, Eleanor (née Newell). He was educated first in London, then at the ...

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Thomas Arnold (1823–1900) by unknown photographer © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Arnold, Thomas (1823–1900), literary scholar and teacher, was born on 30 November 1823 at Laleham, Middlesex, the third of the nine surviving children of Dr Thomas Arnold (1795–1842), schoolmaster and clergyman, and his wife, Mary, née Penrose (1791–1873), youngest daughter of the Revd John Penrose...

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Austin, Lloyd James (1915–1994), scholar of French literature, was born on 4 November 1915 in Melbourne, Australia, the third of four children (all sons) of J. W. A. Austin and his wife, née J. E. Tymms. He grew up in Melbourne and was educated at ...

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Barker, Edmund Henry (1788–1839), classical scholar and editor, was born at Hollym vicarage, in the East Riding of Yorkshire, on 22 December 1788, the eldest son of Robert Barker (1750–1816), vicar of Hollym-with-Withernsea, and his wife, Ann, née Atkinson (d. 1829). After receiving his schooling at ...

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Arthur H. Grant

revised by Alison Milbank

Barlow, Henry Clark (1806–1876), literary scholar, was born in Churchyard Row, Newington Butts, Surrey, on 12 May 1806, the only child of Henry Barlow (1783–1858), revenue officer, and Sophia, née Clark (d. 1864), youngest daughter of Thomas Clark, solicitor. Barlow was educated at ...

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Leslie Stephen

revised by Philip Carter

Baron, Richard (d. 1768), literary editor and political writer, was born at Leeds, and educated at Glasgow University between October 1737 and May 1740. He left with a testimonial signed by Francis Hutcheson and Robert Simpson. Baron became a friend of Thomas Gordon...

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Barton [née Roesen; other married name Righter], (Barbara) Anne (1933–2013), literary scholar and critic, was born in Scarsdale, New York, on 9 May 1933, the only child of Oscar Charles Roesen (1888–1951), a wealthy engineer and inventor, and his wife, Blanche Godfrey, ...

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Bell, Sir (Harold) Idris (1879–1967), papyrologist and scholar of Welsh literature, was born on 2 October 1879 at Epworth, Lincolnshire, the son of Charles Christopher Bell (b. 1845), chemist, and his wife, Rachel Hughes (d. 1880). His father's family had been yeoman farmers in the north midlands and had marked literary leanings, his father not least; but the Welsh inheritance from his mother meant more to ...

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Sir (Harold) Idris Bell (1879–1967) by Walter Stoneman, 1955 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Bennett, Jack Arthur Walter (1911–1981), literary scholar, was born on 28 February 1911 at Auckland, New Zealand, the eldest son of Ernest Bennett, foreman shoemaker, and his wife, Alexandra Corrall. Both parents were born in Leicester in the 1880s: Ernest worked in shoe manufacturing, and emigrated to ...

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Jack Arthur Walter Bennett (1911–1981) by unknown photographer photograph reproduced by courtesy of The British Academy

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Berkeley [née Frinsham], Eliza (1734–1800), literary editor, was born at the vicarage of White Waltham in Windsor Forest, the eldest daughter of the Revd Henry Frinsham (d. 1745) and Elizabeth (d. 1754), youngest daughter of Francis Cherry, of Shottesbrooke House, Berkshire...