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Thomas Arnold (1823–1900) by unknown photographer © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Arnold, Thomas (1823–1900), literary scholar and teacher, was born on 30 November 1823 at Laleham, Middlesex, the third of the nine surviving children of Dr Thomas Arnold (1795–1842), schoolmaster and clergyman, and his wife, Mary, née Penrose (1791–1873), youngest daughter of the Revd John Penrose...

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Barker, Edmund Henry (1788–1839), classical scholar and editor, was born at Hollym vicarage, in the East Riding of Yorkshire, on 22 December 1788, the eldest son of Robert Barker (1750–1816), vicar of Hollym-with-Withernsea, and his wife, Ann, née Atkinson (d. 1829). After receiving his schooling at ...

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Bell, Sir (Harold) Idris (1879–1967), papyrologist and scholar of Welsh literature, was born on 2 October 1879 at Epworth, Lincolnshire, the son of Charles Christopher Bell (b. 1845), chemist, and his wife, Rachel Hughes (d. 1880). His father's family had been yeoman farmers in the north midlands and had marked literary leanings, his father not least; but the Welsh inheritance from his mother meant more to ...

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Sir (Harold) Idris Bell (1879–1967) by Walter Stoneman, 1955 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Bennett, Jack Arthur Walter (1911–1981), literary scholar, was born on 28 February 1911 at Auckland, New Zealand, the eldest son of Ernest Bennett, foreman shoemaker, and his wife, Alexandra Corrall. Both parents were born in Leicester in the 1880s: Ernest worked in shoe manufacturing, and emigrated to ...

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Jack Arthur Walter Bennett (1911–1981) by unknown photographer photograph reproduced by courtesy of The British Academy

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Berkeley [née Frinsham], Eliza (1734–1800), literary editor, was born at the vicarage of White Waltham in Windsor Forest, the eldest daughter of the Revd Henry Frinsham (d. 1745) and Elizabeth (d. 1754), youngest daughter of Francis Cherry, of Shottesbrooke House, Berkshire...

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Blunden, Edmund Charles (1896–1974), poet and university teacher, was born on 1 November 1896 at 54A Tottenham Court Road, London, the eldest of the nine children (five sons and four daughters) of Charles Edmund Blunden (1871–1951) and his wife, Georgina Margaret (1868–1967), daughter of ...

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Edmund Charles Blunden (1896–1974) by Ralph Hodgson, 1921 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Henry Bradley

revised by John D. Haigh

Bosworth, Joseph (1787/8–1876), Old English scholar, the third son of Thomas Bosworth of Etwall, Derbyshire, was born at Etwall and was baptized there on 1 June 1788. He was educated at Repton grammar school, and then at the University of Aberdeen, where at an early age he took the degree of MA, and subsequently that of LLD. He later became a member of ...

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Bowdler, Henrietta Maria [Harriet] (1750–1830), writer and literary editor, was born in Conington, Huntingdonshire, the daughter of Thomas Bowdler (bap. 1719, d. 1785), and his wife, Elizabeth Stuart Bowdler, née Cotton (d. 1797). She was one of six children, all of whom were raised in ...

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Bowdler, Thomas (1754–1825), writer and literary editor, was born on 11 July 1754 at Ashley, near Bath, the younger son of Thomas Bowdler (bap. 1719, d. 1785) and his wife, Elizabeth Stuart Bowdler, née Cotton (d. 1797). His father, a gentleman of independent fortune, was descended from an ancient family originally settled at ...

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Bowle, John (1725–1788), literary editor, was born on 15 October 1725 at Idmiston, near Salisbury, Wiltshire, the eldest of the four children of John Bowle (c.1700–1743), gentleman, and his wife, Sarah (1700–1785), daughter of the Revd Thomas Westley, rector of Brockley, Somerset...

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Bradbrook, Muriel Clara (1909–1993), literary scholar, was born on 27 April 1909 in Glasgow, the eldest child of Samuel Bradbrook (d. 1928) and his wife, Annie Wilson, née Harvey (b. 1872). Samuel Bradbrook was superintendent of HM water guard, first at ...

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Bradley, Andrew Cecil (1851–1935), literary scholar, was born on 26 March 1851 at Park Hill, Clapham, Surrey, the youngest son of the twenty-one children of Charles Bradley (1789–1871), a notable evangelical preacher, and Emma Linton, his second wife. Francis Herbert Bradley (1846–1924) was his elder brother, ...

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Brewer, Derek Stanley (1923–2008), literary scholar and college head, was born on 13 July 1923 at 49 Canada Road, Gabalfa, Cardiff, the younger son of Stanley Leonard Brewer (1892–1963), a clerk at an electrical fittings factory, and his wife, Winifred Helen, née Forbes (1896–1985)...

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Bright, Mynors (1817–1883), literary scholar, was born in Cambridge, and baptized on 29 March 1817 at Eccleshall, Stafford, the son of John Bright (1780/81–1870), physician, and his wife, Elizabeth (Eliza), née Mynors. He was educated at Shrewsbury School, and entered Magdalene College, Cambridge...

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Bullen, Arthur Henry (1857–1920), literary editor and publisher, was born in London on 9 February 1857, the second son of George Bullen (1816x18–1894), and his first wife, Eliza Mary Martin (d. 1887). He was educated at the City of London School, where the headmaster, ...

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Arthur Henry Bullen (1857–1920) by unknown photographer © National Portrait Gallery, London