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Albin, Eleazar (d. 1742?), naturalist and watercolour painter, may have been born somewhere in the German states to a family named Weiss. Nothing is known of his early life, although he later claimed, in his Natural History of Birds (1731–8), to have been 'at ...

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Bolton, James (bap. 1735, d. 1799), natural history artist and mycologist, was baptized on 23 November 1735; he was probably born on a farm in the Calder valley, Yorkshire. He was the younger son of a weaver, William Bolton (or Boulton). His elder brother, ...

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Davidson, Thomas (1817–1885), natural history artist and palaeontologist, was born in Edinburgh on 17 May 1817, the eldest of the three children of William Davidson, the wealthy owner of Muirhouse and other Midlothian estates, and his wife, Jane, daughter of Alexander Horsebrugh of ...

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Foord, Arthur Humphreys (1844–1933), palaeontologist and scientific illustrator, was born on 14 September 1844 at Brixton, Surrey, together with his twin brother, Alfred Stanley Foord (1844–1934), also an illustrator of scientific papers, and secretary of a mining company. Arthur was the fourth, and youngest, son of ...

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Hawkins, Benjamin Waterhouse (1807–1894), natural history artist and sculptor, was born on 8 February 1807 in Devonshire Street, London, the son of Thomas Hawkins (1777/8–1811), artist, and his wife, Louisa Anna (b. 1781/2), daughter of William Waterhouse, plantation owner in Jamaica. Educated at ...

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Lister [married name Knowler], Susanna (bap. 1670, d. 1738), natural history illustrator, and her sister Anne Lister (1671–1695x1704), who worked with her, were the first and second of the eight children of Martin Lister (bap. 1639, d. 1712), physician and naturalist, and his wife, ...

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Martyn, Thomas (fl. 1779–1811), natural history illustrator and pamphleteer, was said to be a native of Coventry, Warwickshire (Nichols, 8.432). Martyn developed a talent for coloured depictions of insects and shells. He purchased shells brought back from Cook's third voyage, although, as he wrote to ...

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Pallis, Marietta (1882–1963), ecologist, painter, and author, was born on 26 October 1882 in Bombay, the first of the five children of Julia Ralli (1857–1940) and her scholar–poet husband, Alexander Pallis (1850–1935), a member of the Greek trading firm Ralli Brothers. The family left ...

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Parkinson, Sydney (d. 1771), natural history artist, was born in Edinburgh, one of three children and the younger son of Joel Parkinson, a brewer and leading Quaker of that city, and his wife, Elizabeth (c.1700–1771). His birth year is uncertain: 1745, the traditional estimate, is twelve years after his brother's and by then his mother was in her mid-forties, so it appears suspect....

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Sydney Parkinson (d. 1771) by James Newton, pubd 1773 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Plymley, Katherine (bap. 1758, d. 1829), diarist, naturalist, and painter, was baptized at Longnor, Shropshire, on 31 January 1758, the eldest child of Joseph Plymley (1716–1802), apothecary, of the Bank House, Longnor, Shropshire, and Diana, née Flint (1725–1779), a member of the Shropshire...

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Sowerby, James (1757–1822), natural history artist, publisher, and collector, was born on 21 March 1757, at 2 Bolt-in-Tun Passage, Fleet Street, London, the son of John Sowerby (1719–1766), a lapidary, and his wife, Arabella Goodreed (1725–1782). He was educated at a day school, where he often made models during his lessons that he could sell. When he was fourteen friends provided ...

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James Sowerby (1757–1822) by J. C. Edwards (after Thomas Heaphy, 1816) © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Stewart, James Hope (1789–1856), factor and natural history illustrator, was born at Hillside, Dryfesdale, Dumfriesshire, on 2 August 1789, the son of William Stewart of Hillhead (1743/4–1822) and Margaret Graham (c.1767/8–1853), daughter of George Graham of Shaw. About 1816 Stewart married ...