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Cosmo Alexander (1724–1772) self-portrait, before 1745? Aberdeen Art Gallery and Museums Collections

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Alexander, Cosmo (1724–1772), portrait painter and traveller, was born probably in Aberdeen, the son and pupil of the Aberdonian painter and engraver John Alexander (1686–c.1766), who had worked in Rome from 1711 to 1719, and his wife, Isobel Innes. John Alexander...

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Florence Barbara Maria Baker, Lady Baker (1841–1916) by unknown photographer © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Baker [née von Sass], Florence Barbara Maria, Lady Baker (1841–1916), traveller in Africa, was born on 6 August 1841, probably in a German-speaking region of Hungary. She was the sole survivor of an attack on her home in which the rest of her family died during the disturbances of 1848. Nothing more is known of her antecedents or early life. She is next recorded in January 1859 in the Turkish town of ...

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Anne Isabella Noel Blunt, suo jure Baroness Wentworth (1837–1917) by unknown photographer [with Kassida] © Fitzwilliam Museum, University of Cambridge

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Blunt [née King], Anne Isabella Noel, suo jure Baroness Wentworth (1837–1917), traveller and breeder of Arab horses, was born on 22 September 1837 in London, the second of the three children, and the only daughter, of William King, first earl of Lovelace...

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Brent, Margaret (c. 1601–c. 1671), colonist and proprietary agent in America, was born in England, the eldest daughter of Catholic gentry parents, Richard Brent (1573–1652) of the manor of Lark Stoke and Admington in Gloucestershire, and his wife, Elizabeth, daughter of Giles Reed...

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Isabel Burton, Lady Burton (1831–1896) by unknown photographer, 1869 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Burton [née Arundell], Isabel, Lady Burton (1831–1896), author and traveller, was born at 14 Great Cumberland Place, London, on 20 March 1831. Descended from an old Roman Catholic family, her father was Henry Raymond Arundell, a lineal descendant of the sixth Baron Arundell of Wardour...

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Busino, Horatio [Orazio] (fl. 1617–1621), Roman Catholic priest and visitor to England, was the rector of Piazzola, a small town north-west of Padua, the location of a grand palace belonging to the Contarini family. In 1617 Pietro Contarini was appointed Venetian ambassador to the court of ...

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Cecil Calvert, second Baron Baltimore (1605–1675) by Abraham Blooteling, 1657 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Calvert, Cecil, second Baron Baltimore (1605–1675), colonial promoter, was born on 8 August 1605, probably in Kent, and baptized on 2 March 1606, the son of George Calvert, first Baron Baltimore (1579/80–1632), statesman, and his first wife, Anne (1579–1622), the daughter of George Mynne...

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George Calvert, first Baron Baltimore (1579/8080–1632) by Daniel Mytens, 1627 © reserved

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Calvert, George, first Baron Baltimore (1579/80–1632), courtier and colonist in America, was born in Kiplin in Catterick parish, Yorkshire, the son of Leonard Calvert (b. c.1550) and Alica Crosland (d. early 1580s). He was descended from a Roman Catholic family that had been in ...

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Chatterton [née Iremonger; other married name Dering], Henrietta Georgiana Marcia Lascelles, Lady Chatterton (1806–1876), author and traveller, was the only child of the Revd Lascelles Iremonger (d. 6 Jan 1830), prebendary of Winchester, and his second wife, Harriet, youngest sister of ...

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Chisholm [née Jones], Caroline (1808–1877), immigration administrator, was born on 30 May 1808 at Wootton, Northampton, the youngest of twelve children of William Jones, a farmer, and his fourth wife, Sarah. Educated at home, she was brought up as an Anglican in a family tradition of practical service to the poor and the community. On 27 December 1830 she married Captain ...

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See Radisson, Pierre-Esprit [called Oninga]

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Connor [formerly O'Connor], Bernard (c. 1666–1698), physician and writer on Poland, the son of Bernard O'Connor, born in co. Kerry, Ireland, was descended from the O'Connor Kerry family, lords of Kerry. As a Roman Catholic, he was prohibited from attending school or university, and was therefore taught privately by tutors. Of his life in ...

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Joseph Conrad (1857–1924) by George Charles Beresford, 1904 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Conrad, Joseph [formerly Józef Teodor Konrad Korzeniowski] (1857–1924), master mariner and author, was born on 3 December 1857 at Berdyczów in Ukraine.

Conrad was the only child of ...