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See Bond, Martin

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Crab, John (c. 1280–c. 1352), pirate and merchant, was probably born in Muiden in Flanders. Active as a pirate from at least 1306, he was the most notorious of the Flemish privateers who preyed on English shipping during the Scottish War of Independence. His nephew ...

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Eldred, Thomas (1561–1624), mariner and merchant, was born in Brook Street, St Mary Quay, Ipswich, Suffolk, on 24 October 1561 and was baptized at St Mary Quay Church on 8 November following. He was the second, and eldest surviving, of the six sons of ...

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Fenner, George (c. 1540–1618), merchant and privateer, is of unknown parentage. However, the name Fenner was common in west Sussex, and the family into which he was born has been described variously as a mercantile clan in Chichester itself, or as a minor but armigerous gentry family based at ...

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Gibson, Francis (bap. 1752, d. 1805), mariner and collector of customs, was baptized at Whitby, Yorkshire, on 16 January 1752, the son of Joseph Gibson, commander of a merchant ship, and his wife, Mary, daughter of a customs controller at Whitby. He was sent to the day school run by ...

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Goldsborough, Sir John (d. 1693), mariner and East India Company servant, is of obscure antecedents. A branch of the Goldsborough family was domiciled at Hadleigh near Ipswich in the seventeenth century and Goldsborough bequeathed a life interest in an estate in Suffolk to his wife; otherwise there are no indications of links with the county. He also left her house property in ...

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Hammond, William (1727–1793), master mariner and merchant, of Kirk Ella, East Riding of Yorkshire, was the son of Anthony Hammond (1696–1759) and his wife, Mary Hayes. He was accepted as a younger brother of the Hull Trinity House in 1749, eventually becoming an elder brother and three times warden, in 1779, 1785, and 1792. As a representative of the house he regularly attended sessions of the ...

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Hawkins, William (b. before 1490, d. 1554/5), merchant and sea captain, was probably born in Tavistock, Devon, the eldest of three children of John Hawkins (d. in or before 1490), merchant, of Tavistock, and his wife, Joan, daughter of William and Margaret Amadas...

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Hawkins, William (c. 1519–1589), merchant and sea captain, was the elder of two sons of William Hawkins (b. before 1490, d. 1554/5), merchant and MP, and his wife, Joan, only child of Roger Trelawny, of Brightor, Cornwall. Little is known of his youth, but he probably served on some of his father's voyages to ...

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Hawkins, William (b. c. 1560), sea captain and merchant, was the eldest of the three children of William Hawkins (c. 1519–1589), sea captain, merchant, and shipowner, and his first (unknown) wife, and nephew of Sir John Hawkins (1532–1595). He served in Sir Francis Drake's...

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John Hawley the elder (c. 1350–1408) memorial brass by kind permission of Becky Wright Photos; St Saviour's Church, Dartmouth

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Hawley, John, the elder (c. 1350–1408), pirate, merchant, and administrator, of Dartmouth, Devon, was the younger son of the first John Hawley who settled in Dartmouth some time before 1340. Hawley was elected mayor for the first time in 1374—the beginning of a career which would make him the richest and most important man in ...

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Holditch, Abraham (bap. 1639, d. 1678), naval officer and merchant adventurer, was baptized on 12 May 1639 at Totnes, Devon. He was probably the son of William Holditch (d. 1646?) and his wife, Agnes (bap. 1617), formerly Jakes. He married at ...

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Leigh, Charles (bap. 1572, d. 1605), merchant and sea captain, was baptized on 12 March 1572 at Addington, Surrey, the seventh of eight children of John Leigh (d. 1576) and his wife, Joan (d. 1593), daughter and heir of Sir John Oliph...

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Lok, Michael (c. 1532–1620x22), mercer, merchant adventurer, and traveller, was born in Cheapside, London, the youngest of five surviving sons of Sir William Lok (1480–1550) and his second wife, Catherine, née Cooke (d. 1537), and the brother of Rose Throckmorton. By his own account ...

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Parker, William (d. 1618), privateer and merchant, appears to have been born into the minor ranks of the Elizabethan gentry, although his parentage has yet to be traced. His brother John was a man of property in Southampton. On 18 June 1590 William Parker...

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J. K. Laughton

revised by Randolph Cock

Paulet, Harry (d. 1804), supposed seaman and benefactor, details of whose birth and parentage are unknown, is said to have been the master of a small vessel trading to North America before his capture by the French in 1758. Paulet's knowledge of the ...

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J. K. Laughton

revised by Trevor Dickie

Sharpeigh, Alexander (d. 1613), merchant and sea captain, from Biddenden, Kent, was in 1608 and 1609 the commander of the East India Company's fourth voyage to Aden, Surat, and Bantam. In his youth he served as an apprentice to a member of the ...

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Watts, Sir John (c. 1550–1616), merchant and privateer, was the son of Thomas Watts of Buntingford in Hertfordshire, where he was born. He married Margaret Hawes, daughter of Sir James Hawes, who was lord mayor of London from 1574 to 1575. They had eight children, four sons and four daughters....

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Wood, Sir Andrew (d. 1515), sea captain and merchant, served James III and James IV and, remarkably, was trusted by both kings. Wood first appears in royal records on 28 July 1477, already described as 'our lovet familiare serviture' Andrew Wood of Leith...