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Adams, Gladstone (1880–1966), motorist and inventor of a windscreen wiper, was born on 16 May 1880 at 4 St Ann's Row, Newcastle upon Tyne, son of John Adams, metal merchant, and his wife, Agnes, née M'Gregor, and was educated at Rutherford College, Newcastle...

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Austin, Herbert, Baron Austin (1866–1941), engineer and motor vehicle manufacturer, was born on 8 November 1866 at Grange Farm, Deep Mill Lane, Little Missenden, Buckinghamshire, the second of five children of Giles Stevens Austin, a farmer, and his wife, Clara Jane, daughter of ...

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Herbert Austin, Baron Austin (1866–1941) by Walter Stoneman, 1937 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Aveling, Thomas (1824–1882), engineer and manufacturer of steamrollers, was born at Elm, near Wisbech, on 11 September 1824, the eldest of three sons. He came from an old-established Cambridgeshire family, but he moved to Rochester in Kent as a boy, when his widowed mother remarried. About 1836 he was apprenticed to a farmer, ...

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Joseph Cyril Bamford (1916–2001) by Lucinda Douglas-Menzies, 1989 © Lucinda Douglas-Menzies; collection National Portrait Gallery, London

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Bamford, Joseph Cyril (1916–2001), engineer and businessman, was born on 21 June 1916 at The Parks, New Road, Uttoxeter, Staffordshire, the son of Cyril Joseph Bamford, agricultural engineer, and his wife, Dolores Alice, née Turner. His family controlled and managed a long-established farm machinery business. The company, which manufactured balers and other equipment, had been started by his great-great-grandfather in 1812. He was brought up a Roman Catholic. After education at ...

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Beach, Harold Henry (1913–2010), engineer and car designer, was born on 15 February 1913 at 10 Malvern Villas, Willesden Lane, Acton, London, the only son of Henry Beach, coach builder, and his wife, Maud Mary, née Carter. He was educated privately and later studied engineering at a technical college. In 1928 he embarked on his career in the automotive industry when he became an apprentice draughtsman on a wage of ...

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Blackmore, Frank Cuendet (1916–2008), road traffic engineer, was born on 16 February 1916 at La Maison Lugon, rue Michelet, Fort National (later Larbaa Nath Irathen), Algeria, the third of four children of a British father, Josiah Thomas Cullum Blackmore (1880–1961), a Plymouth Brethren...

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Bond, Lawrence (1907–1974), engineer and motor vehicle designer, was born at 5 Penwortham Hill, Penwortham, Preston, Lancashire, on 2 August 1907, the son of Frederick Charles Bond (1873–1963), a clothing maker who became a well-known local historian and artist, and his wife, Margaret Ellen, ...

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Cook, Sir Frederick Charles (1875–1947), highway engineer and advocate of motorways, was born at Switzerland House, Kingston Crescent, Portsea, Hampshire, on 22 April 1875, the second child of Charles Christopher Cook (bap. 1840), contractor, and his wife, Fanny, née Bailey (b...

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Albert William Denly (1900–1989) by unknown photographer, 1923 image courtesy of Brooklands Museum Archive

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Denly, Albert William [Bert] (1900–1989), motorcycle racer and motor engineer, was born in Wisley, Surrey, on 1 June 1900, the only son of James Denly (d. 1918), a bricklayer's labourer on the Wisley estate, and his wife, Ellen, née Woolger (1865/6–1920). Aged fourteen he left the local village school to become an apprentice to the butcher in ...

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Dennis, John Henry Cawsey (1871–1939), engineer and motor vehicle manufacturer, was born on 20 February 1871 at Huntshaw, near Torrington, Devon, the third son of William Henry Dennis, farmer, and his wife, Susanna, née Cawsey. After education at Taunton College, he followed his early interest in machinery and became apprenticed to a repairing ironmonger in ...

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Duckworth, (David) Keith (1933–2005), automotive engineer, was born at 112 Accrington Road, Blackburn, Lancashire, on 10 August 1933, the son of Frank Duckworth, a textile engineer who also sold cotton cloth on the Manchester cotton exchange, and his wife, Emma, née Hardman, a cooker demonstrator in ...

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John Boyd Dunlop (1840–1921) by unknown photographer photograph courtesy of Dunlop Tyres Ltd

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B. W. Best

revised by Trevor I. Williams

Dunlop, John Boyd (1840–1921), inventor of the pneumatic tyre, was born on 5 February 1840 at Dreghorn, Ayrshire, the son of a farmer, John Dunlop, and his wife, Agnes, née Boyd. As a boy he attended the local parish school and, being considered too delicate for farm work, was allowed to continue his studies at ...

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Albert Arthur Molteno Durrant (1898–1984) by Walter Bird, c.1960 © TfL from the London Transport Museum collection

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Durrant, Albert Arthur Molteno [Bill] (1898–1984), mechanical engineer and vehicle designer, was born at Wellington Lodge, Gowlett Road, East Dulwich, London, on 11 September 1898, the only child of Arthur Isaac Durrant (1864–1939), staff clerk in the Office of Works, and his wife, ...

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Engelbach, Charles Richard Fox (1876–1943), motor engineer, was born on 20 May 1876 in Kensington, London, son of Lewis William Engelbach, a clerk in the War Office, and his wife, Jessie Bryan. He left Sandringham School at Southport, Lancashire, when he was sixteen and was apprenticed at the great armaments manufacturer ...

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Frood, Herbert (1864–1931), inventor and manufacturer, was born in Balby, Doncaster, Yorkshire, on 7 March 1864, the fourth of the six children of Charles Trefusis Frood (1827–1881), draper's commercial traveller, and his wife, Amelia, née Blackwell (1830–1869). No information about his education survives, but as a boy he enjoyed making wagons and cranes, and his ambition always was to be an engineer. Aged fourteen he was apprenticed to a small firm in ...