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Article

H. T. Wood

revised by Ralph Harrington

Adams, William Bridges (1797–1872), railway engineer, was born in Westminster, London, on 26 May 1797, the son of William Adams, a coach builder, and his wife, Ann. He showed an early aptitude for engineering. On 30 November 1818 he married Elizabeth, daughter of the radical ...

Article

See Armstrong, Joseph

Article

Armstrong, Joseph (1816–1877), locomotive engineer, was born on 21 September 1816 at Bewcastle, Cumberland, the son of Thomas Armstrong (1785–1844), yeoman and later farm bailiff, and his wife. Joseph and his three older brothers went with their parents in 1817 to Canada where his brother ...

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Churchward, George Jackson (1857–1933), railway engineer, was born at Rowes Farm, Stoke Gabriel, south Devon, on 31 January 1857, the second son in the family of three sons and two daughters of George Churchward, a farmer, and his wife, Adelina Mary Churchward, who was his cousin. He was educated at ...

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Drummond, Dugald (1840–1912), railway engineer, was born on 1 January 1840 in Ardrossan, Ayrshire, the son of George Drummond, a permanent-way inspector on the Bowling to Balloch railway, and his wife, Christina Thomson. He had at least one brother, Peter Drummond. In 1856 he commenced an engineering apprenticeship with ...

Article

Ronald M. Birse

revised by Jim Smellie

Drummond, Peter (1850–1918), locomotive engineer, was born on 13 August 1850 in Polmont, Stirlingshire, the son of George Drummond, who was then a permanent-way inspector on that section of the Edinburgh and Glasgow (later North British) Railway, and his wife, Christina Thomson. When ...

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Fairburn, Charles Edward (1887–1945), railway engineer, was born in Bradford on 5 September 1887, the only son of Robert Fairburn and his wife, Elizabeth. He was educated at Bradford grammar school, where he gained an open scholarship in mathematics to Brasenose College, Oxford...

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Garratt, Herbert William (1864–1913), locomotive engineer, was born on 8 June 1864 at 11 Loddiges Road, Hackney, London, the son of William Garratt, umbrella manufacturer, and his wife, Emma Hunt. He was educated at private schools in London, then served his apprenticeship from 1879 to 1882 in the locomotive works in ...

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Girouard, Sir (Édouard) Percy Cranwill (1867–1932), railway engineer and colonial governor, was born on 26 January 1867 in Montreal, the son of Désiré Girouard (1836–1911) and his second wife, Essie (d. 1879), daughter of Dr Joseph Cranwill of Ballynamona, Ireland. The Girouard...

Article

Gooch, Sir Daniel, first baronet (1816–1889), railway engineer and executive, was born at Bedlington, Northumberland, on 24 August 1816, the third son of John Gooch (1763–1833) and his wife, Anna Longridge (1783–1863). His father was the cashier and bookkeeper at the Bedlington ironworks, where ...

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Gooch, Thomas Longridge (1808–1882), civil and railway engineer, was born in London on 1 November 1808, the first son and second of ten children (five sons and five daughters) of John Gooch, cashier of Bedlington ironworks, near Morpeth, Northumberland, and his wife, Anna...

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Greenly, Henry (1876–1947), railway engineer and writer, was born on 3 June 1876 at 20 Priory Street, Birkenhead, the first of three sons and two daughters of Edwin Greenly, railway guard, and his wife, Sophia, daughter of John Howard, the owner of a wood-turning factory in ...

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Gresley, Sir (Herbert) Nigel (1876–1941), railway engineer, was born in Edinburgh on 19 June 1876, the fourth and youngest son and youngest of five children of the Revd Nigel Gresley, rector of Netherseale, Leicestershire, and his wife, Joanna Beatrice, daughter of John Wilson...

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Hackworth, Timothy (1786–1850), locomotive engineer, was born on 22 December 1786 in Wylam, Northumberland, the eldest of three sons and five daughters of John Hackworth (d. 1802), master blacksmith at Wylam colliery, and his wife, Elizabeth Sanderson of Newcastle. He went to ...

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W. T. Halcrow

revised by Anita McConnell

Hindley, Sir Clement Daniel Maggs (1874–1944), railway engineer, was born in Dulwich, London, on 19 December 1874, the son of Charles Hugh Hindley, carpet warehouseman, and his wife, Mary Ann Miller. He was educated at Dulwich College and entered Trinity College, Cambridge, in 1893, where he graduated BA in mechanical sciences in 1896. In the following year he was appointed assistant engineer on the ...

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Lorimer, Sir William (1844–1922), locomotive engineer and industrialist, was born on 4 November 1844 in Sanquhar, Dumfriesshire, son of William Lorimer, house factor, and Margaret Whigham. Little is known about his family origins and early life in Sanquhar. He attended the local parish school and at the age of fifteen joined the ...

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Ramsbottom, John (1814–1897), railway engineer, was born at Todmorden, Lancashire, on 11 September 1814, the son of a cotton spinner who owned the only steam-driven mill in the area. He was educated by local schoolmasters and Baptist ministers. His practical training started at his father's mill, where he was given a lathe and built small working steam engines. He then rebuilt and re-erected the beam engine at his father's mill and invented the weft fork, later adopted universally, which enabled looms to be worked at high speed. He was an active and enthusiastic member of the ...

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Stanier, Sir William Arthur (1876–1965), locomotive engineer and railway administrator, was born on 27 May 1876, at 10 Wellington Street, Swindon, Wiltshire, the son of William Henry Stanier and his wife, Grace, daughter of Robert Ball, of Southport. W. H. Stanier, who spent a lifetime in the service of the ...

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Stephenson, George (1781–1848), colliery and railway engineer, was born at Wylam, 8 miles from Newcastle upon Tyne in the county of Northumberland, on 9 June 1781. He was the second son of Robert Stephenson, foreman at the Wylam colliery pumping engine. His mother, ...

Image

George Stephenson (1781–1848) by Thomas Lewis Atkinson, pubd 1849 (after John Lucas, 1847) © National Portrait Gallery, London