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Johnston, George (1855–1945), engineer, was born at West Linton, Peebleshire, on 3 August 1855, the third child of James Aitchison Johnston, the United Presbyterian minister of West Linton, and his wife, Janet, née Fulton. His mother came from Glasgow and in 1861 his father accepted the call to be minister of the congregation at ...

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Lorimer, Sir William (1844–1922), locomotive engineer and industrialist, was born on 4 November 1844 in Sanquhar, Dumfriesshire, son of William Lorimer, house factor, and Margaret Whigham. Little is known about his family origins and early life in Sanquhar. He attended the local parish school and at the age of fifteen joined the ...

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Walter Montgomerie Neilson (1819–1889) by unknown photographer, c. 1870 Glasgow City Archives; licensor SCRAN

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Neilson, Walter Montgomerie (1819–1889), railway locomotive manufacturer, was born in Cowcaddens, Glasgow, on 28 November 1819, the eldest son of James Beaumont Neilson (1792–1865), engineer and inventor, and his first wife, Barbara Montgomerie (1796–1843). Patent royalties from his father's invention of a process to convert blackband ironstone into pig-iron by introducing a blast of hot air into a furnace enabled the purchase in 1851 of the ...

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Stirling, Robert (1790–1878), Church of Scotland minister and inventor of a hot-air engine, was born on 25 October 1790 in the parish of Methven, Perthshire, the son of Peter Stirling, farmer at Cloag. He studied at the University of Edinburgh (1805–6) and was licensed to preach by the presbytery of ...